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Table 1 Univariate analysis of the baseline characteristics associated with in-hospital mortality of the patients with pulmonary tuberculosis

From: Quantitative assessment of the association between erector spinae muscle and in-hospital mortality in elderly patients with pulmonary tuberculosis

  Non-survivor
(n = 71)
Survivor
(n = 187)
HR 95% CI P
Female 36 (50.7) 94 (50.3) 0.813 0.508–1.302 0.389
Age (y) 87 (81–90) 82 (78–88) 1.036 0.997–1.077 0.073
BMI (kg/m2) 17.8 (15.7–20.3) 19.1 (17.4–21.2) 0.944 0.876–1.018 0.133
PS 4 (3–4) 2 (1–3) 2.441 1.745–3.415  < 0.001
DM 19 (26.8) 45 (24.1) 1.091 0.644–1.848 0.745
CVD 14 (19.7) 30 (16.0) 1.164 0.648–2.090 0.612
Heart failure 21 (29.6) 26 (13.9) 1.896 1.135–3.167 0.014
COPD 7 (9.9) 14 (7.5) 1.502 0.685–3.293 0.310
CKD 17 (23.9) 18 (9.6) 2.880 1.658–5.001  < 0.001
Hepatic disease 11 (15.5) 8 (4.3) 3.289 1.712–6.321  < 0.001
Smoker 15 (21.1) 32 (17.1) 1.416 0.799–2.511 0.234
Respiratory failure 43 (60.6) 39 (20.9) 2.882 1.782–4.660  < 0.001
WBC (× 103/µL) 6.6 (4.8–10.0) 6.5 (5.2–8.1) 1.026 0.957–1.100 0.474
Neu (× 103/µL) 5.4 (4.1–8.9) 4.8 (3.6–6.6) 1.074 1.003–1.150 0.040
Hb (g/dL) 10.3 (9.1–11.5) 11.5 (10.2–12.9) 0.722 0.631–0.827  < 0.001
Albumin (g/dL) 2.1 (1.7–2.5) 3.0 (2.5–3.5) 0.203 0.128–0.321  < 0.001
CRP (mg/dL) 6.6 (3.4–12.2) 2.6 (0.8–6.4) 1.057 1.031–1.084  < 0.001
AST (IU/L) 27.0 (20.0–42.5) 25.0 (20.0–35.0) 1.006 1.003–1.009  < 0.001
ALT (IU/L) 17.0 (12.0–27.5) 16.0 (11.0–25.0) 1.006 1.002–1.011 0.004
BUN (mg/dL) 26.0 (17.0–37.3) 16.5 (12.6–21.2) 1.023 1.011–1.034  < 0.001
Cr (mg/dL) 0.76 (0.43–1.10) 0.72 (0.56–0.89) 1.533 1.203–1.954 0.001
eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2) 76.2 (47.7–138.7) 78.4 (61.6–107.1) 1.001 0.997–1.004 0.724
Smear Grade 1 (0–3) 1 (0–3) 1.222 0.812–1.838 0.337
Time to negative conversion (day) 38 (20–53) 48 (32–66) 0.978 0.968–0.988  < 0.001
ESMCSA (mm2) 1306.2 (1042.3–1624.4) 1715.7 (1296.2–2328.0) 0.999 0.999–1.000  < 0.001
ESMCSA/BSA (mm2) 999.7 (784.8–1139.3) 1290.9 (975.0–1558.5) 0.999 0.998–0.999  < 0.001
ESM-CT number (HU) 19.6 (− 3.9–35.5) 28.9 (8.6–40.2) 0.995 0.986–1.003 0.226
  1. Data are presented as the number (%) or median (interquartile range)
  2. BMI: body mass index; PS: performance status; DM: diabetes mellitus; CVD: cerebrovascular disease; COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; CKD: chronic kidney disease; ESMCSA: the cross-sectional area of erector spinae muscles; BSA: body surface area