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Table 3 Bivariate analysis of non-genetic factors affecting blood pressure control in patients with essential hypertensive

From: Glutathione S-transferase M1 and T1 genes deletion polymorphisms and blood pressure control among treated essential hypertensive patients in Burkina Faso

Parameters Controlled n = 115 (%) Uncontrolled n = 85 (%) OR CI p value
Sex
 Men/Women 40/75 31/54 0.92 0.51–1.16 0.88
Age
  ≤ 45 years 22 (19%) 21 (25%) 1.38 0.70–2.73 0.38
 46—55 years 44 (38%) 31 (36%) 0.92 0.51–1.65 0.88
 56—65 years 28 (24%) 25 (30%) 1.29 0.68–2.43 0.42
  ≥ 66 years 21 (18%) 8 (9%) 0.46 0.19–1.10 0.10
Residence
 Rural/ Urban 31/84 15 /70 1.72 0.86–3.44 0.13
Behavioral factors
 Current alcohol use 34 (30%) 50 (59%) 3.04 1.88–6.13  < 0.001*
 Current tobacco use 10 (8.6%) 7 (8%) 0.94 0.34–2.58 1
 Low sodium diet 6 (5.2%) 7 (8%) 1.63 0.52–5.03 0.40
 Lack of physical exercise 39 (34%) 52 (61%) 3.07 1.71–5.49  < 0.001*
 Normal weight 35 (30%) 23 (27%) 0.84 0.45–1.57 0.63
 Overweight and obesity 80 (70%) 62 (73%) 1.17 0.63–2.19 0.63
 Central obesity 60 (52%) 48 (56%) 0.84 0.48–1.48 0.56
Grade hypertension
 Grade I 44 (39%) 14 (16%) 0.31 0.16–0.63  < 0.001*
 Grade II 50 (43%) 32 (38%) 0.78 0.44–1.39 0.46
 Grade III 21 (18%) 39 (46%) 3.79 2.00–7.17  < 0.001*
Personal history
 Heart involvement Yes/No 17/98 30/55 3.14 1.59–6.02  < 0.001*
 Diabetes mellitus Yes/No 14/101 7/78 0.64 0.24–1.68 0.48
 Asthma Yes/No 3/112 3/82 1.36 0.26–6.93 0.70
 Taste Yes/No 6/109 6/79 1.37 0.42–4.43 0.76
Family history
 Hypertension Yes/No 70/45 56/29 1.24 0.69–2.22 0.55
 Diabetes mellitus Yes/No 70/45 56/29 1.24 0.69–2.22 0.55
Treatment level
 Monotherapy 59 (51%) 40 (47%) 0.90 0.51–1.58 0.77
 Bitherapy 35 (31%) 30 (35%) 1.21 0.67–2.18 0.54
 Tritherapy 21 (18%) 15 (18%) 0.88 0.41–1.85 0.85
Professional status
 Household 45 (40%) 24 (32%) 0.61 0.33–1.11 0.13
 Farmer 5 (4%) 2 (2%) 0.53 0.10–2.80 0.70
 Official 24 (21%) 24 (32%) 1.49 0.77–2.86 0.24
 Daily 1 (1) 1 (1%) 1.35 0.10–22.01 1
 Unemployed 6 (5%) 5 (7%) 1.13 0.33–3.85 1
 Retirement 9 (8%) 7 (9%) 1.05 0.37–2.96 1
 Trader 20 (17%) 14 (21%) 1.09 0.51–2.3 0.84
 Other 5 (4%) 8 (13%) 2.28 0.72–7.25 0.24
  1. Values are expressed in numbers (percentages) and the comparison between groups was made using the chi-square test; *: significant difference between the groups (p < 0.05)