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Table 2 Mental health screening results at baseline (N = 107)

From: Mental health and resilience among Eritrean refugees at arrival and one-year post-registration in Switzerland: a cohort study

Screening for Tests Cut-off Interpretation Baseline (N = 107)
Score (N: %) Median (IQR*)
   0 No risk 40 37.4 NA
   1 to 7 Low risk 48 44.9 3 (2–5)
Alcohol use AUDIT1 8 to 15 Risk/ hazardous 18 16.8 11 (9–13)
   16 to19 High risk/ harmful 1 0.9 NA
    > 20 Almost certainly alcohol dependent 0 0 NA
Somatic symptoms PHQ-152  ≥ 10   11 10.3 11 (11–12)
Anxiety disorder GAD-73  ≥ 10 Moderate and above 11 10.3 10 (10–11)
Depression PHQ-94  ≥ 10   16 15.0 11 (11–13)
Post-trauma stress disorder PTSD5  ≥ 30 Symptoms of PTSD 52 48.6 35 (31–39.5)
    < 65 Low resilience 6 5.6 59.5 (56–60)
Resilience scale RS-146 65 to 80 Moderate resilience 37 34.6 76.0 (73–78)
    ≥ 81 High resilience 64 59.8 88.0 (86–92)
  1. AUDIT1 = Alcohol use disorders identification test
  2. PHQ-152 = Patient health questionnaire-15
  3. GAD3 = Generalized anxiety disorder-7
  4. PHQ-94 = Patient Health quationnaire-9
  5. PTSD5 = Post-traumatic stress disorder
  6. RS-146 = Resilience scale-14
  7. IQR* = Interquartile range
  8.  = This applies for all three screening tools. The cut-offs for mild, moderate and severe conditions are 5, 10, and 15, respectively