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Table 2 Effects of balance training duration and volume on measures of static and dynamic balance performance in healthy children (N = 29)

From: Effects of balance training on static and dynamic balance performance in healthy children: role of training duration and volume

Outcome BT-4wk (n = 15) BT-6wk (n = 14) p-value (ηp2)
Pretest Posttest Pretest Posttest Test Test × Group Group
Static balance
OLS floor contacts, FI-EO [n] 0.47 ± 1.36 0.33 ± 0.72 0.21 ± 0.58 0.07 ± 0.27 .335 (.04) .973 (.01) .366 (.03)
OLS floor contacts, FO-EO [n] 1.47 ± 1.90 0.80 ± 1.32 1.50 ± 2.90 0.43 ± 0.76 .041 (.15)* .621 (.01) .779 (.01)
Dynamic balance
AT reach distance [% LL] 78.2 ± 5.8 81.1 ± 5.7 76.8 ± 11.9 82.0 ± 17.6 .038 (.15)* .527 (.02) .945 (.01)
PM reach distance [% LL] 113.4 ± 9.0 115.2 ± 9.0 112.0 ± 14.4 117.7 ± 18.6 .088 (.10) .368 (.03) .905 (.01)
PL reach distance [% LL] 112.3 ± 10.8 111.5 ± 11.6 112.8 ± 10.7 113.5 ± 12.8 .996 (.01) .529 (.02) .768 (.01)
CS [% LL] 101.3 ± 7.1 102.6 ± 7.3 100.5 ± 11.4 103.5 ± 11.8 .085 (.11) .384 (.03) .895 (.01)
  1. Data are presented as mean value ± standard deviation. Figures in brackets are effect sizes. * indicates post-hoc significance
  2. AT anterior, BT balance training, CS composite score, EO eyes open, FI firm ground, FO foam ground (i.e., balance pad), LL leg length, n number of floor contacts, OLS one-legged stance, PL posterolateral, PM posteromedial