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Table 2 Results of the binary logistic regression showing association of anxiety and depression with demographic and clinical characteristics

From: The sustained adverse impact of COVID-19 pandemic on mental health among pregnant women in Sri Lanka: a reassessment during the second wave

Variable (N = 311) n (%)* Antenatal anxiety   Antenatal depression   Antenatal anxiety/depression status or both P value
aOR (95% CI) p value aOR (95% CI) p value aOR (95% CI)
Age in years, mean (SD) 28.8 (5.6) 1.03 (0.96–1.09) 0.47 1.0 (0.95–1.06) 0.98 1.0 (0.95–1.06) 0.73
Parity
 Nulliparous 137 (44.0) 1.32 (0.63–2.80) 0.46 0.87 (0.46–1.63) 0.66 0.81 (0.62–1.07) 0.14
 Parous 174 (56.0)
Complications
 Medically complicated 38 (12.2) 1.3 (0.70–3.8) 0.25 1.5 (0.67–3.24) 0.33 1.88 (0.88–4.03) 0.10
Monthly income in LKR
  < 20,000 108 (34.7) 2.3 (0.39–13.90) 0.35 0.93 (0.19–4.6) 0.92 1.23 (0.30–5.12) 0.78
 20,000–49,999 151 (48.6) 1.0 (0.19–5.22) 0.99 1.8 (0.46–6.9) 0.40 1.41 (0.41–4.90) 0.59
  > 50,000 19 (6.1) 1.8 (0.38–8.62) 0.46 1.4 (0.36–5.07) 0.65 1.6 (0.48–5.29) 0.45
 Missing data 33 (10.6)       
Employment status
 Employed 9 (31.8) 1.1 (0.28–4.56) 0.86 1.92 (0.66–5.57) 0.23 1.24 (0.42–3.71) 0.70
 Self employed 37 (11.9) 0.91 (0.41–2.00) 0.81 0.71 (0.36–1.41) 0.33 0.72 (0.38–1.37) 0.32
 Unemployed 156 (50.2) 0.97 (0.34–0.27) 0.91 0.84 (0.35–2.03) 0.69 0.8 (0.33–1.90) 0.61
 Missing data 19 (6.1)       
Loss of income during the pandemic 51 (16.4) 0.6 (0.26–1.36) 0.22 0.93 (0.53–1.67) 0.80 0.85 (0.50–1.44) 0.54
Loss of residence due to the pandemic 10 (3.2) 1.13 (0.20–6.32) 0.89 2.7 (0.21–3.75) 0.86 0.46 (0.11–1.89) 0.28
Family history of COVID-19 infection 6 (1.9) 0.12 (0.01–1.18) 0.13 0.55 (0.07–4.23) 0.56
Personal history of recent quarantine 10 (3.2) 9.4 (0.53–165.77) 0.13 0.73 (0.16–3.2) 0.67 4.6 (0.12–177.9) 0.41
  1. *age is presented with mean (SD). aOR Adjusted Odds Ratio, CI Confidence interval, SD Standard deviation, LKR Sri Lankan Rupees. Antenatal depression due to family history of COVID-19 infection was not computed due to small sample size