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Table 1 Gender and origin as a function of the BDI-II score

From: The association of sleep patterns and depressive symptoms in medical students: a cross-sectional study

  BDI-II ≤ 13; n (%) BDI-II > 13; n (%) Mean difference; % (95% CI)
Gender (n = 1103)
 Male 332 (85.8) 55 (14.2)  
 Female 562 (78.5) 154 (21.5) 7.3 (2.5 to 11.7)
Origin (n = 1101)
 Germany 855 (81.9) 189 (18.1)  
 Abroad 37 (64.9) 20 (35.1) 17 (5.6 to 30.2)