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Table 1 Patient’s baseline characteristics

From: Plasma Neuron-Specific Enolase is not a reliable biomarker for staging Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense sleeping sickness patients

Characteristic Early stage Late stage P value
Disease stage 15 51 (77.2%)  < 0.0001*
Sex (male/female) 12/3 24/20 0.56
Age (median) 19 21 0.48
CSF parasitosis/mL 0 7 × 104  < 0.000*
Fever 4 52 (92.8%) 0.09
Headache 6 45 (80.2%) 0.09
Hepatomegaly 0 2 (3.5%) 0.75
Splenomegaly 0 6 (10.7%) 0.14
Lymphadenopathy 2 8 (14.2%) 0.70
Gait abnormalities 0 11 (19.6%) 0.24
Tremors 0 9 (16.1%) 0.29
Urinary incontinence 0 7 (12.5%) 0.15
  1. *Significantly higher in late-stage patients