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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of female participants by weight status

From: Objectively-measured step cadence and walking patterns in a rural African setting: a cross-sectional analysis

  Combined (n = 263) Under-Normal weight (n = 122) Overweight-Obese (n = 141) p-value c
Age (years) 35.1 (10.5) 33.3 (11.4) 36.7 (9.5) 0.0096
 Age distribution (quartiles)a
  18.7–24.5 years 34.4 (42) 16.3 (23) 0.0050
  24.6–36.1 years 23.8 (29) 26.2 (37)  
  36.2–42.6 years 18.9 (23) 30.5 (43)  
  42.7–56.2 years 23.0 (28) 27.0 (38)  
BMI (kg/m2) 26.8 (6.0) 21.8 (2.1) 31.2 (4.7)  < 0.0001
 BMI distributiona
  Underweight (< 18.5 kg/m2) 3.0 (8)  
  Normal weight (18.5–24.9 kg/m2) 43.3 (114)  
  Overweight (25–29.9 kg/m2) 22.8 (60)  
  Obese (30–34.9 kg/m2) 22.4 (59)  
  Severe obesity (≥ 35 kg/m2) 8.4 (22)  
Waist circumference (cm) 82.6 (12.9) 72.5 (6.0) 91.2 (10.9)  < 0.0001
Disease present (Yes)ab 19.0 (50) 18.0 (22) 19.9 (28) 0.4144
Electricity inside the house (Yes)a 86.3 (227) 86.1 (105) 86.5 (122) 0.5273
Wood used for cooking purposes (Yes)a 86.7 (228) 89.3 (109) 84.4 (119) 0.1597
One or more persons in the household owns a motor vehicle (Yes)a 18.3 (48) 12.3 (15) 23.4 (33) 0.0144
Water supplied by tap in or around dwelling (Yes)a 60.1 (158) 59.0 (72) 61.0 (86) 0.4205
 Physical Activity Indexa
  Low subsistence level (low activity) 67.7 (178) 62.3 (76) 72.3 (102) 0.0830
  Medium subsistence level (medium activity) 20.9 (55) 27.0 (33) 15.6 (22)  
  High subsistence level (high activity) 11.4 (30) 10.7 (13) 12.1 (17)  
  1. Unadjusted values are reported as mean(sd) excepta %(n)
  2. bDisease: diagnosed with and/or on medication for hypertension, diabetes mellitus, heart disease and/or hypercholesterolemia
  3. csignificant difference, p < 0.05: Under-Normal weight (Body Mass Index: < 25 kg/m2) vs. Overweight-Obese (Body Mass Index: ≥ 25 kg/m2), continuous variables: independent t test; categorical variables: Fisher’s exact test