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  1. Several lines of evidence suggest a possible functional role of Matrix metalloproteinase -2 (MMP-2) in obesity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of MMP-2 promoter polymorphisms in percentage body...

    Authors: Angharad R Morgan, Dug Yeo Han, John MD Thompson, Edwin A Mitchell and Lynnette R Ferguson
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:253
  2. Tensioning of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction grafts affects the clinical outcome of the procedure. As yet, no consensus has been reached regarding the optimum initial tension in an ACL graft. ...

    Authors: Barry J O'Neill, Fergus J Byrne, Kieran M Hirpara, William F Brennan, Peter E McHugh and William Curtin
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:244
  3. Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are important candidates for the development of vaccines because they are usually able to promote both humoral and cellular immune responses in mammals. We identified and characteriz...

    Authors: Marcilia P Costa, John A McCulloch, Síntia S Almeida, Fernanda A Dorella, Cristina T Fonseca, Diana M Oliveira, Maria FS Teixeira, Ewa Laskowska, Barbara Lipinska, Roberto Meyer, Ricardo W Portela, Sérgio C Oliveira, Anderson Miyoshi and Vasco Azevedo
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:243
  4. Wheat grains accumulate a variety of low molecular weight proteins that are inhibitors of alpha-amylases and proteases and play an important protective role in the grain. These proteins have more balanced amin...

    Authors: Susan B Altenbach, William H Vensel and Frances M Dupont
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:242
  5. cAMP is a ubiquitous second messenger involved in a wide spectrum of cellular processes including gene transcription, cell proliferation, and axonal pathfinding. Precise spatiotemporal manipulation and monitor...

    Authors: Kwan Pyo Hong, Nicholas C Spitzer and Xavier Nicol
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:241
  6. Puccinia striiformis f.sp. tritici (PST), an obligate fungal pathogen causing wheat yellow/stripe rust, a serious disease, has been used to understand the evolution of crop pathogen using molecular markers. Howev...

    Authors: Sajid Ali, Angélique Gautier, Marc Leconte, Jérôme Enjalbert and Claude de Vallavieille-Pope
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:240
  7. Fatigue can be triggered by previous perceived stress which may lead to impairment of performance and function. The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between fatigue and perceived stress.

    Authors: Rüya D Kocalevent, Andreas Hinz, Elmar Brähler and Burghard F Klapp
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:238
  8. Vancomycin is an antibiotic of growing importance in the treatment of hospital infections, with particular emphasis on its value in the fight against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. However its usage...

    Authors: Daniel Savignon Marinho, Gisele Huf, Bruno LA Ferreira, Helena Castro, Carlos R Rodrigues, Valeria Pereira de Sousa and Lúcio M Cabral
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:236
  9. Expression of apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I), A-II, and H was previously observed at 16 to 50-fold higher levels in the fetal than the adult mouse lung. Here, sites of apoA-I, A-II, and H mRNA and protein accumul...

    Authors: Mélissa Côté, Pierre R Provost and Yves Tremblay
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:235
  10. Two types of lechwe antelopes exclusively exist in their natural ecosystems in Zambia; the Black lechwe (Kobus leche smithemani) and the Kafue lechwe (Kobus leche kafuensis). Despite inhabiting similar ecosystems...

    Authors: Musso Munyeme, John B Muma, Hetron M Munang'andu, King S Nalubamba, Clovice Kankya, Eystein Skjerve, Jacques Godfroid and Morten Tryland
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:233
  11. In Arabidopsis, non-expressor of pathogenesis related genes-1, NPR1 has been shown to be a positive regulator of the salicylic acid controlled systemic acquired resistance pathway and modulates the cross talk bet...

    Authors: D Bhanu Priya, N Somasekhar, JS Prasad and PB Kirti
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:231
  12. The criteria for deciding who should be admitted first from a waiting list to a forensic secure hospital are not necessarily the same as those for assessing need. Criteria were drafted qualitatively and tested...

    Authors: Grainne Flynn, Conor O'Neill and Harry G Kennedy
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:230
  13. Moving a forensic mental health patient from one level of therapeutic security to a lower level or to the community is influenced by more than risk assessment and risk management. We set out to construct and v...

    Authors: Sarah O'Dwyer, Mary Davoren, Zareena Abidin, Elaine Doyle, Kim McDonnell and Harry G Kennedy
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:229
  14. Next generation sequencing (NGS) is widely used in metagenomic and transcriptomic analyses in biodiversity. The ease of data generation provided by NGS platforms has allowed researchers to perform these analys...

    Authors: Ram Vinay Pandey, Viola Nolte, Jens Boenigk and Christian Schlötterer
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:227
  15. The availability of array-based genotyping platforms for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for the canine genome has expanded the opportunities to undertake genome-wide association (GWA) studies to identi...

    Authors: Gonzalo Rincon, Katarina Tengvall, Janelle M Belanger, Laetitia Lagoutte, Juan F Medrano, Catherine André, Anne Thomas, Cynthia Taylor Lawley, Mark ST Hansen, Kerstin Lindblad-Toh and Anita M Oberbauer
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:226
  16. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) that express the F4ab and F4ac fimbriae is a major contributor to diarrhoea outbreaks in the pig breeding industry, infecting both newborn and weaned piglets. Some pigs are...

    Authors: Mette Jacobsen, Susanna Cirera, David Joller, Gloria Esteso, Steffen S Kracht, Inger Edfors, Christian Bendixen, Alan L Archibald, Peter Vogeli, Stefan Neuenschwander, Hans U Bertschinger, Antonio Rampoldi, Leif Andersson, Merete Fredholm and Claus B Jørgensen
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:225
  17. The extent to which partnership synergy is created within quality improvement programmes in the Netherlands is unknown. In this article, we describe the psychometric testing of the Partnership Self-Assessment ...

    Authors: Jane M Cramm, Mathilde MH Strating and Anna P Nieboer
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:224
  18. A current challenge of coping with bacterial infection is that bacterial pathogens are becoming less susceptible to or more tolerant of commonly used antibiotics. It is urgent to work out a practical solution ...

    Authors: Qing-Ping Zeng, Na Xiao, Pei Wu, Xue-Qin Yang, Li-Xiang Zeng, Xiao-Xia Guo, Ping-Zu Zhang and Frank Qiu
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:223
  19. Chronic hepatitis C (CHC) Patients, infected with genotype (GT) 2 or 3 are treated with Peg-IFN and ribavirin (RBV) (800 mg/day) for 24 weeks. Treatment duration can be shortened to 12-16 weeks if a higher dos...

    Authors: Andreas Maieron, Sigrid Metz-Gercek, Thomas-Matthias Scherzer, Hermann Laferl, Gabriele Fischer, Martin Bischof, Michael Gschwantler and Peter Ferenci
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:220
  20. Male breast cancer (MBC) is a rare disease representing less than 1% of all malignancies in men and only 1% of all incident breast cancers. Our study details clinico-pathological features, treatments and progn...

    Authors: Mouna Bourhafour, Rhizlane Belbaraka, Amine Souadka, Hind M'rabti, Fouad Tijami and Hassan Errihani
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:219
  21. Spermatocytic seminoma (SS) is a distinct testicular germ cell tumor, representing less than 1% of testicular cancers. The clinical features that distinguish ss from classical seminoma are an older age at pres...

    Authors: Ghizlane G Raiss, Marwane M Benatiya Andaloussi, Soundouss S Raissouni, Hind H Mrabti and Hassan H Errihani
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:218
  22. Describing and evaluating miRNA inventories with Next Generation Sequencing is a goal of scientists from a wide range of fields. It requires high purity, high quality, and high yield RNA extractions that do no...

    Authors: Bastian Fromm, Philip David Harris and Lutz Bachmann
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:217
  23. Dengue infection has been an important and serious public health concern in Malaysia ever since its first reported case here in 1902. Nevertheless, to our knowledge, no nationwide investigation has been carrie...

    Authors: Nor Azila Muhammad Azami, Sharifah Azura Salleh, Hui-min Neoh, Syed Zulkifli Syed Zakaria and Rahman Jamal
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:216
  24. Biomedical researchers have long looked for ways to diagnose and treat cancer patients at the early stages through biomarkers. Although conventional techniques are routinely applied in the detection of biomark...

    Authors: Keivan Majidzadeh-A, Rezvan Esmaeili and Nasrin Abdoli
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:215
  25. Breast cancer is more common in Western Countries compared to African populations. However in African population, it appears that the disease tends to be more aggressive and occurring at a relatively young age...

    Authors: Peter F Rambau, Philipo L Chalya, Mange M Manyama and Kahima J Jackson
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:214
  26. A number of allele replacement methods can be used to mutate bacterial genes. For instance, the Red recombinase system of phage Lambda has been used very efficiently to inactivate chromosomal genes in E. coli K-1...

    Authors: Veerle Derous, Francine Deboeck, Jean-Pierre Hernalsteens and Henri De Greve
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:213
  27. The genomics era has produced an arsenal of resources from sequenced organisms allowing researchers to target species that do not have comparable mapping and sequence information. These new "non-model" organis...

    Authors: Michael N Romanov, Jerry B Dodgson, Rusty A Gonser and Elaina M Tuttle
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:211
  28. There are currently no purification methods capable of producing the large amounts of fish rhabdoviral glycoprotein G (gpG) required for diagnosis and immunisation purposes or for studying structure and molecu...

    Authors: Paloma Encinas, Silvia Gomez-Sebastian, Maria Carmen Nunez, Eduardo Gomez-Casado, Jose M Escribano, Amparo Estepa and Julio Coll
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:210
  29. Although popular tattoos are often regretted later on for different reasons. Nevertheless, tattoo removal is a complicated and costly procedure seldom providing satisfactory results. The aim of this study was ...

    Authors: Luca Cegolon, Vincenzo Baldo, Carla Xodo, Francesco Mazzoleni and Giuseppe Mastrangelo
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:209
  30. Haptocorrin is a vitamin B12-binding protein present in high amounts in different body fluids including human milk. Haptocorrin has previously been shown to inhibit the growth of specific E. coli strains, and the...

    Authors: Henrik R Jensen, Martin F Laursen, Dorte L Lildballe, Jens B Andersen, Ebba Nexø and Tine R Licht
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:208
  31. Patients with pelvic mass are the most referred patients to gynecologist. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of three malignancy risk indices (RMI 1, RMI 2 and RMI 3) and CA-125 to discriminate ...

    Authors: Zinatossadat Bouzari, Shahla Yazdani, Mahmoud Haji Ahmadi, Shahnaz Barat, Ziba Shirkhani Kelagar, Maryam Javadian Kutenaie, Nargeuss Abbaszade and Fateme Khajat
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:206
  32. The mounting evidence linking hypothyroidism during pregnancy with poor pregnancy outcome underscores the need for screening and, therefore, a search for more reliable and cheaper screening methods.

    Authors: Anthony U Mbah, Emmanuel C Ejim, Obinna D Onodugo, Francis O Ezugwu, Matthew I Eze, Peter O Nkwo and Winston C Ugbajah
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:205
  33. This project will provide a comprehensive investigation into the prevalence of alcohol-related harms and community attitudes in the context of community-based interventions being implemented to reduce harm in ...

    Authors: Peter Miller, Darren Palmer, Nicolas Droste, Jenny Tindall, Karen Gillham, Anders Sonderlund, Emma McFarlane, Florentine de Groot, Amy Sawyer, Daniel Groombridge, Christophe Lecathelinais and John Wiggers
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:204
  34. Leafcutters are the highest evolved within Neotropical ants in the tribe Attini and model systems for studying caste formation, labor division and symbiosis with microorganisms. Some species of leafcutters are...

    Authors: Cynara M Rodovalho, Milene Ferro, Fernando PP Fonseca, Erik A Antonio, Ivan R Guilherme, Flávio Henrique-Silva and Maurício Bacci Jr
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:203
  35. The study of pulmonary biomarkers with noninvasive methods, such as the analysis of exhaled breath condensate (EBC), provides a useful approach to the pathophysiology of asthma. Although many recent publicatio...

    Authors: Nathalie Chérot-Kornobis, Sébastien Hulo, Jean-Louis Edmé, Virginie de Broucker, Régis Matran and Annie Sobaszek
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:202
  36. Hepatitis C virus (HCV), either alone or in combination with Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV), constitutes a major public health concern. This study was conducted to describe the prevalence and risk factors ...

    Authors: Addisu Alemayehu, Yayehyirad Tassachew, Zufan Sisay and Techalew Shimelis
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:193
  37. The present study aimed to address the suspected deficiency in the level of understanding of HIV/AIDS among clinical and pre clinical dental students at the University of Jordan. In this cross-sectional study,...

    Authors: Soukaina T Ryalat, Faleh A Sawair, Mohammad H Shayyab and Wala M Amin
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:191

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