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Table 2 CD4+ and CD8+ T cells counts in HIV Congolese patients with positive or negative sputum detected by microscopy using Ziehl-Neelsen staining

From: Prevalence of national treatment algorithm defined smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis in HIV positive patients in Brazzaville, Republic of Congo

  All Positive microscopy Negative microscopy P-value*
Number of HIV-1 patients 133(31.3%) 39(29,3) 94(70.7) <0.001--
Immunological category (CDC)     
CD4+ T-cell count (cells/mm3, mean ± SD) 289.4 ± 282.9 385.4 ± 278.1 239.6 ± 274.9 0.029
Absolute CD4+ T-cell counts 53(67.1) 12(44.4) 41(78.8)  
<350/mm3 11(13.9) 7(26) 4(7.7) 0.007
350–500/mm3 15(19.0) 8(29.6) 8(13.5)  
>500/mm3 54    
Missing     
CD8+ T-cell counts (cells/mm3, mean ± SD) 850.9 ± 547.4 647.3 ± 555.2 956.6 ± 517.5 0.016
Absolute CD8+ T-cell counts 18(22.7) 4(14.8) 14(26.9)  
<400/mm3 16(20.3) 3(11.1) 13(25) 0.001
400–799/mm3 30(38) 8(29.6) 22(42.3)  
800–1200/mm3 15(19) 12(44.5) 3(5.8)  
>1200/mm3 54    
Missing     
CD4/CD8 ratio (mean ± SD) 0.34 ± 0.51 0.59 ± 0.5 0.25 ± 0.5 0.003
Missing 54    
  1. *: Chi-square Test.