Invasive conjunctival melanoma accounts for only 1–2% of all ocular melanomas . Similar to cutaneous melanomas, conjunctival melanomas originate from melanocytes that are derived from the neural crest. It is a potentially lethal neoplasm with an average 10-year mortality rate of 30% . Systemic metastases occur in 14% to 27% of cases. Breast involvement in melanoma is not an isolated finding; it is usually associated with disseminated disease. Subcutaneous tissue, lung, liver, and brain are common secondary involvements in this disease . Breast metastasis might be the first symptom or may occur during the course of other malignancies. Shetty et al , reported a review of literature, presenting data from 1855 to 1992, and found 431 cases of secondary extra-mammary breast tumors. The majority of them represented metastases from malignant melanoma (79 cases), followed by lung cancer metastases (78 cases), ovarian cancer (50 cases), and prostate (39 cases), kidney (24 cases), and other (143 cases). The time between diagnosis of the primary melanoma and the occurrence of a breast metastasis ranged from 13 to 180 months (median 62). Clinically, a breast lesion may mimic primary breast carcinoma. It’s necessary to differentiate primary to secondary extra-mammary tumors because prognosis and treatment of these neoplasm differ. Diagnosis of breast disease involves the work of multidisciplinary team of specialists. Radiologists perform necessary imaging for establishing optimal diagnosis. Core biopsy was done to obtain histological diagnosis. Immunocytochemical panel should be used to confirm the diagnosis of secondary metastatic melanoma to the breast. Our diagnosis was suspected by the comparative examination of the primary and metastases’ histological findings, and confirmed by a complete immunochemistry panel (negative staining for cytokeratin and positive for melan A and HMB45). Breast metastases are poor prognostic sign . Radvel et al, reported a 12.9 months median time of survival after diagnosis of breast metastases . In our case, the patient died 4 months after starting a treatment based on dacarbazine.
A recently published randomized controlled trial has shown that inhibitor (BRAF and MEK) kinase improved rates of overall and progression-free survival in patients with previously untreated melanoma with the BRAF V600E mutation .