UNAIDS. Report on the Global AIDS epidemic;2013.
UNAIDS. Children and pregnant women living with HIV. The GAP report; 2014.
UNAIDS. Beginning of the end of the AIDS epidemic. The Gap Global report; 2014.
Bernays S, Jarrett P, Kranzer K, Ferrand RA. Children growing up with HIV infection: the responsibility of success. Lancet. 2014;383:1355–7.
Anoje C, Aiyenigba B, Suzuki C, Badru T, Akpoigbe K, Odo M, Odafe S, Adedokun O, Torpey K, Chabikuli ON. Reducing mother-to-child transmission of HIV: findings from an early infant diagnosis program in south–south region of Nigeria. BMC Public Health. 2012;12:184.
Johri M, Ako-Arrey D. The cost-effectiveness of preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV in low- and middle-income countries: systematic review. Cost Eff Resour Alloc. 2011;9:3.
Horvath T, Madi BC, Iuppa IM, Kennedy GE, Rutherford G, Read JS. Interventions for preventing late postnatal mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009;CD006734.
Read JS, Newell MK. Efficacy and safety of cesarean delivery for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005;CD005479.
Doherty T, Chopra M, Nkonki L, Jackson D, Greiner T. Effect of the HIV epidemic on infant feeding in South Africa: “when they see me coming with the tins they laugh at me”. Bull World Health Organ. 2006;84:90–6.
WHO. PMTCT Strategic Vision 2010–2015: preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV to reach the UNGASS and millennium development goals. Geneva. WHO;2013.
WHO. Guidelines on HIV and infant feeding 2010. Principles and recommendations for infant feeding in the context of HIV and a summary of evidence. Geneva. WHO;2010.
WHO. Antiretroviral drugs for treating pregnant women and preventing HIV infection in infants: recommendations for a public health approach. Geneva.: WHO; 2010.
Faria NR, Rambaut A, Suchard MA, Baele G, Bedford T, Ward MJ, Tatem AJ, Sousa JD, Arinaminpathy N, Pepin J, Posada D, Peeters M, Pybus OG, Lemey P. The early spread and epidemic ignition of HIV-1 in human populations. Science. 2014;346:56–61.
CNLS. Enquete de Seroprevalence et Sur Les Indicateurs Du Sida Du Congo ESISC-I. UNICEF/UNFPA; 2009 [Ed L. CNSE, ICF, Macro].
Lallemant M, Lallemant-Le-Coeur S, Cheynier D, Nzingoula S, Jourdain G, Sinet M, Dazza MC, Blanche S, Griscelli C, Larouzé B. Mother-child transmission of HIV-1 and infant survival in Brazzaville. Congo. AIDS Lond Engl. 1989;3:643–6.
Lallemant M, Le Coeur S, Samba L, Cheynier D, M’Pelé P, Nzingoula S, Essex M. Mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 in Congo Central Africa. Aids. 1994;8(10):1451–6.
Bisio F, Masini G, Blasi Vacca E, Calzi A, Cardinale F, Bruzzone B, Bruzzi P, Viscoli C, Kento-Mwana group, Nkouendolo JP, Moutou J, Banguissa H, Nicolini L, Schenone E, Repetto E, Montaldo C, Ferrando S, Righi E, Dentone C, Farinella ST, Vitale F, Izzo M, Mularoni A, Mikulska M, Di Stefano L, Malfatto E, Bernardini C, Ginocchio F, Secondo G, Delfino E, et al. Effectiveness of a project to prevent HIV vertical transmission in the Republic of Congo. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2013;68:1862–71.
CREDES. Rapport Stratégie National de Communication En Matière de Lutte Contre Le VIH/SIDA 2003–2007. RAPPORT FINAL—Projet de Lutte Contre Le VIH/SIDA et de Santé. Brazzaville, Congo: Banque Mondiale.
Linguissi LS, Mayengue P, Sidibé A, Vouvoungui JC, Missontsa M, Madzou-Laboum I, Essassa G, Oyakhirome S, Frank M, Penlap V, Ntoumi F. Prevalence of national treatment algorithm defined smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis in HIV positive patients in Brazzaville, Republic of Congo. BMC Res Notes. 2014;7:578.
Wettstein C, Mugglin C, Egger M, Blaser N, Vizcaya LS, Estill J, Bender N, Davies M-A, Wandeler G, Keiser O. Missed opportunities to prevent mother-to-child-transmission: systematic review and meta-analysis. AIDS. 2012;26:2361–73.
Conrad P, De Allegri M, Moses A, Larsson EC, Neuhann F, Muller O, Sarker M. Antenatal care services in rural Uganda: missed opportunities for good-quality care. Qual Health Res. 2012;22:619–29.
Larsson EC, Thorson A, Pariyo G, Conrad P, Arinaitwe M, Kemigisa M, Eriksen J, Tomson G, Ekstrom AM. Opt-out HIV testing during antenatal care: experiences of pregnant women in rural Uganda. Health Policy Plan. 2012;27:69–75.
Larsson EC, Thorson AE, Pariyo G, Waiswa P, Kadobera D, Marrone G, Ekström AM. Missed opportunities: barriers to HIV testing during pregnancy from a population based cohort study in rural Uganda. PLoS One. 2012;7:e37590.
Lallemant M. Lallemant-Le Coeur S, Cheynier D, Nzingoula S, Jourdain G, Sinet M, Dazza MC, Larouzé B. Characteristics associated with HIV-1 infection in pregnant women in Brazzaville, Congo. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1992;5:279–85.
Shisana O, Zungu-Dirwayi N, Toefy Y, Simbayi LC, Malik S, Zuma K. Marital status and risk of HIV infection in South Africa. South Afr Med J Suid-Afr Tydskr Vir Geneeskd. 2004;94:537–43.
Arulogun OS, Adewole IF, Olayinka-Alli L, Adesina AO. Community gate keepers’ awareness and perception of prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV services in Ibadan. Nigeria. Afr J Reprod Health. 2007;11:67–75.
Orne-Gliemann J, Mukotekwa T, Miller A, Perez F, Glenshaw M, Nesara P, Dabis F. Community-based assessment of infant feeding practices within a programme for prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission in rural Zimbabwe. Public Health Nutr. 2006;9:563–9.
Coovadia HM. Access to voluntary counseling and testing for HIV in developing countries. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2000;918:57–63.
Koo DJ, Begier EM, Henn MH, Sepkowitz KA, Kellerman SE. HIV counseling and testing: less targeting, more testing. Am J Public Health. 2006;96:962–4.
Hardon A, Vernooij E, Bongololo-Mbera G, Cherutich P, Desclaux A, Kyaddondo D, Ky-Zerbo O, Neuman M, Wanyenze R, Obermeyer C. Women’s views on consent, counseling and confidentiality in PMTCT: a mixed-methods study in four African countries. BMC Public Health. 2012;12:26.
Chopra M, Doherty T, Jackson D, Ashworth A. Preventing HIV transmission to children: quality of counselling of mothers in South Africa. Acta Paediatr Oslo Nor. 1992;2005(94):357–63.
Peltzer K, Jones D, Weiss SM, Shikwane E. Promoting male involvement to improve PMTCT uptake and reduce antenatal HIV infection: a cluster randomized controlled trial protocol. BMC Public Health. 2011;11:778.
Becker S, Mlay R, Schwandt HM, Lyamuya E. Comparing couples’ and individual voluntary counseling and testing for HIV at antenatal clinics in Tanzania: a randomized trial. AIDS Behav. 2010;14:558–66.
Bajunirwe F, Muzoora M. Barriers to the implementation of programs for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV: a cross-sectional survey in rural and urban Uganda. AIDS Res Ther. 2005;2:10.
Painter TM, Diaby KL, Matia DM, Lin LS, Sibailly TS, Kouassims MK, Ekpini ER, Roels TH, Wiktor SZ. Sociodemographic factors associated with participation by HIV-1-positive pregnant women in an intervention to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Cote d’Ivoire. Int J STD AIDS. 2005;16:237–42.
Gourlay A, Wringe A, Todd J, Cawley C, Michael D, Machemba R, Reniers G, Urassa M, Zaba B. Factors associated with uptake of services to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV in a community cohort in rural Tanzania. Sex Transm Infect. 2015;91(7):520–7.
Manyahi J, Jullu BS, Abuya MI, Juma J, Ndayongeje J, Kilama B, Sambu V, Nondi J, Rabiel B, Somi G, Matee MI. Prevalence of HIV and syphilis infections among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Tanzania, 2011. BMC Public Health. 2015;15:501.