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Table 3 List of plants used for malaria treatment in the study region

From: Ethnobotanical perspective of antimalarial plants: traditional knowledge based study

S.no Botanical name (Voucher no) Family Vernacular/local name Part used Method used for cure Plant location Reference Plant image
1. Abrus precatorius Linn.
10787
Fabaceae Ratti, Ghumchi Whole plant Two spoonful decoction of plant is taken orally twice a day for 3 days Fruit orchard and climbing over trees [14], [22]: p. 89
2. Acacia farnesiana
(L.) Willd.
10788
Fabaceae Tarua kadam (Ass) Bark aDecoction of bark is used Found wild in wastelands, cultivated in gardens [13], [22]: p. 125, [25]
3. Achyranthes aspera Linn.
10789
Amaranthaceae Chirchita/
Apamarga/ Chitchita
Roots With kali mirch used for intermittent fever and malaria Roadsides, hills up to 900 m, Railway lines, wastelands [22]: p. 271, [26]: p. 39, [27]: p. 2066
4. Adhatoda vasica Nees
10790
Acanthaceae Arusa/
Vasaka
Roots Powdered roots are used by native doctors for malaria Cultivated lands, Waste places and Railway tracks [22]: p. 240, [27]:
p. 1899
5. Aerva lanata (L.) Juss. ex Schult.
10791
Amaranthaceae Gorakhganja/ Bhadra Whole
plant
Plant is grinded and mixed with water and given to patient Weed of crop fields, in fruit orchards [2], [22]: p. 271, [26]: p. 67
6. Alstonia scholaris
(L.) R.Br.
10792
Apocyanaceae Saptaparna/ Saptachada/ chatiyan Leaves,
Bark and
Flower
Decoction is prepared and 2 teaspoon is given twice a day with honey Planted as roadside tree and also found wild [2], [22]: p. 192, [26]: p. 111
7. Alternanthera sessilis
(L.) R.Br. ex DC.
10793
Amaranthaceae Gudrisag/ Matsyaksi Leaves and
Stems
Decoction of leaf is given Weed of cultivated field and in moist waste places [1], [22]: p. 273, [26]: p. 118
8. Amaranthus
spinosus Linn.
10794
Amaranthaceae Chaulai Bhaji, Cholai Roots Juice obtained from squeezed roots is mixed with powdered rice and taken with water till cure Along roads, canals, railway tracks and a weed of cultivated fields [22]: p. 274, [28]
9. Ammannia baccifera
Linn.
10795
Lythraceae Dadamari Leaves Leaves are used in fever Marshy lands, Paddy fields, moist places [22]: p. 136, [26]: p. 125, [35]
10. Andrographis paniculata
Wall. ex Nees
10796
Acanthaceae Kalmegh Leaves Decoction of leaves is taken orally for twice a day with half glass of milk Shady waste grounds [14], [22]: p. 241
11. Asteracantha longifolia
(L.) Nees
10797
Acanthaceae Talmakhana Whole
plant
Juice of whole plant is given to patients Shallow ditches along roads [4], [22]: p. 244
12. Azardirachta indica
A.Juss
10798
Meliaceae Neem Leaves and
Fruits
Decoction of leaves and fruits is given Planted in gardens and near temples [2], [22]: p. 70, [26]: p. 227
13. Barleria prionitis Linn.
10799
Acanthaceae Kastira,
Bajradanti
Leaves Decoction of leaf is given with honey for 7 days Waste ground, planted as border plant [14], [22]: p. 242
14. Bauhinia variegata Linn.
10800
Fabaceae Kachnar Bark,
Root and
Leaves
Decoction of bark, root and/or leaves is used Planted in gardens and as roadside tree [2], [22]: p. 115, [26]: p. 256
15. Boerhaavia diffusa
L.nom.cons.
10801
Nyctaginaceae Gadapurna / Punarnava Roots Drink this herb root paste for malaria treatment Elevated lands, roadsides, railway tracks, waste places, crevices of walls and fruit orchards [22]: p. 269, [26]: p. 281, [29]
16. Caesalpinia crista
(Linn.)
10802
Fabaceae Kat-karanj, Karanju Roots
and
Seeds
Prepared in form of dry powder in dose of ½ gm with honey Open wastelands and along Nallas [2], [22]: p. 115, [26]: p. 320
17. Carica papaya Linn.
10803
Caricaceae Papita Leaves Decoction of leaves is used Cultivated around bungalows and gardens [22]: p. 143, [25]
18. Cassia fistula Linn.
10804
Fabaceae Amaltas Fruits
and
Buds
Decoction of fruits and buds are used Deciduous tree Planted roadside and in gardens [22]: p. 118, [30]: p. 856
19. Cissampelos pareira Linn.
10805
Menisperma-ceae Harjuri, Bharat-buti Root Juice of the root is administered Fruit orchard, and as hedges of parks and gardens [22]: p. 34,
20. Citrus medica Linn.
10806
Rutaceae Jameri-nimbu Fruit Juice is of fruit is used Planted in Gardens, Lahladpur area [22]: p. 67, [25]
21. Clerodendron infortunatum Linn.
10807
Verbenaceae Bhat Root
and
Leaves
One tea spoonful leaf juice is taken 3 times daily for a week Under shades of trees, fruit orchards [22]: p. 254, [28], [31]
22. Cosmos sulphureus Cav.
10808
Asteraceae Cosmos  Leaves Leaves and aerial are part used in intermittent fever Throughout study area [9]
23. Cuscuta reflexa Roxb.
10809
Convolvulaceae Amarbel Stem Paste of about 10 gm stem and 7 black pepper seeds is taken with water Twining upon Adhatoda vasica, near Surajkund, Tiwaripur region [14], [22]: p. 216
24. Cyperus scariosus Br.
10810
Cyperaceae Nagarmotha/ Chakranksha Roots Decoction of root is used Shallow water bodies of study area [22], [32]: p. 2637
25. Datura metel Linn.
10811
Solanaceae Dhatura Seed, Leaves, and
Roots
Administered as decoction of plant parts Frequently in waste places [22]: p. 219, [33]
26. Eclipta prostrata (Linn.)Linn
10812
Asteraceae Bhangraiya, Bhringaraj Whole plant,
Root and
Leaves
Plant and its parts are grinded and mixed with water and given to patient Open pastures, wet regions, along water canals [2], [22]: p. 175
27. Erythrina
variegata Linn.
10813
Fabaceae Pangara Bark Bark paste is made in to pills and are taken till cure Moderate sized deciduous tree planted in gardens, Near Ramgarh tal [22]: p. 99, [28]
28. Jatropha gossypifolia Linn.
10814
Euphorbiaceae Bhakrend Seeds Seeds are taken with water Roadside weed and found at other waste ground [22]: p. 296, [28]
29. Lantana camara Linn
10815
Verbenaceae Ghaneri Whole plant Plant decoction is given Roadsides, Wild, Wastelands and Railway colony [22]: p. 256, [34]
30. Leucas aspera (Willd.) Link.
10816
Lamiaceae Gopha, Drona pushpi Leaves Leaves used as mosquito repellent by the rural people Weed of crop field, waste places, dry open sandy soil, Bhathat region [14], [22]: p. 263, [41]
31. Ludwigia octovalvis
(Jacq.) P.H. Raven
10817
Onagraceae Panijalokia Leaves Leaf juice is used in intermittent fever Wet places, sides of tanks [22]: p. 141, [35]
32. Magnolia grandiflora Linn.
10818
Magnoliaceae Andachampa Bark Bark is boiled in water and remaining water is given to patient Planted in gardens, Gorakhnath temple area [22]: p. 31
33. Momordica charantia Linn.
10819
Cucurbitaceae Kathnim, Karavellaka Roots
and
Fruits
Decoction of roots and fruits is used Cultivated, found wild, climbing on hedges [2], [22]: p. 149
34. Murraya koenigii
(L.) Sprengel
10820
Rutaceae Bursunga/ Gandhla Roots Juice of roots is given in malaria Deciduous shrub on waste grounds along water bodies, planted in gardens [2], [22]: p. 69, [36]: p. 472
35. Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Linn.
10821
Oleaceae Harsingar Leaves 250 gm leaf is boiled in ½ lit water and mix with leaf juice of Ocium tenuiflorium. Mix with honey, 50 ml of this for 3 days Gardens, Bungalow, Temple and Railway colonies [14], [22]: p. 191, [40]
36. Ocimum
sanctum
Linn.
10822
Lamiaceae Tulsi Roots decoction of roots given as
diaphoretic in malarial fever
Found as an escape from cultivation in moist places [9], [22]: p. 267
37. Oenanthe javanica
(BL.) DC.
10823
Apiaceae Pan tarori Whole Plant Plant extract is used in mild fever Weed in moist waste places, fruit orchards, along water channels [32]: p. 156, [35]
38. Piper longum Linn.
10824
Piperaceae Peeper, Peepramool Fruits
and
Roots
Plant part is grinded, mixed with water and administered orally Forest Zone of whole study area and hotter regions [27]: p. 2128
39. Pongamia pinnata
(L.) Pierre
10825
Fabaceae Karanja Fruit Fruit is boiled in water and administered as decoction Roadside, near Canals, Wasteland, Moist regions, Pharenda and Ramgarh forest [22]: p. 108
40. Putranjiva roxburghii (Wall.)
10826
Euphorbiaceae Putjev, Jiaputa, Putrajiva Leaves Leaves and stones given in decoction for cold fever Wild, tropical and cultivated, hedge plants in gardens [9], [27]: p. 2237, [22]: p. 299.
41. Rauvolfia serpentine (Linn.) Benth.
10827
Apocynaceae Dhamarharua Roots A paste of root and black pepper is administered Damp places, wild in forests [14], [22]: p. 196, [28]
42. Scoparia
dulcis Linn.
10828
Scrophularia-ceae Mithi patti Leaves Two teaspoonful of leaf juice is taken twice a day Waste places and a weed of crop fields [22]: p. 231, [28]
43. Sida rhombifolia Linn.
10829
Malvaceae Bariara Roots Boiled extract is given Shady waste places near tals (water bodies), hedges [22]: p. 55, [37]
44. Solanum indicum Linn.
10830
Solanaceae Lapta Brihatti, Banbhanta Fruits Burnt fruits are consumed Found as wild in whole study area [22]: p. 222, [25]
45. Stephania japonica (Thunb.) Miers
10831
Menispermaceae Rajpatha Roots Sun-dried roots powder is given orally with boiled water twice a day Hedges on moist ground [2]: p. 36
46. Streblus asper Lour.
10832
Moraceae Singhor Bark Juice obtained from squeezed bark is taken till cure Small evergreen tree found throughout the study area [22]: p. 308, [28]
47. Swertia chirata Buch.Ham
10833
Gentianaceae Chiraita,
Charayatah
Kirata tikta
Whole plant Plant part is boiled in water till 75 % is evaporated and it is drink like tea Temperate Himalayas, 4000-10000 ft, Paniara region [27]: p. 1664
48. Tinospora cordifolia (Thunb.) Miers.
10834
Menisperma-ceae Gurch,
Giloe
Stems
and
Roots
Decoction of roots is given for malaria On hedges and trees, tropical regions of study area [2], [22]: p. 35, [36]: p. 77
49. Vandellia sessiliflora
Benth.
10835
Scrophularia-ceae Lindernia sp.Indian Whole plant Decoction of whole plant is used Damp and shady places, grows with grasses [22]: p. 229, [38]
50. Vernonia cinerea
(Linn.) Less.
10836
Asteraceae Sahdevi Whole
plant
Decoction is prepared and 2 tea spoonful is given twice a day Weed of crop field and waste grounds [2], [22]: p. 181
51. Xanthium strumarium Linn.
10837
Asteraceae Lapetua Roots Decoction is prepared of roots of Lapetua Waste places, long railway tracks and roadsides [2], [22]: p. 183
  1. Beverage is also plant extract based drink which usually have low concentration than decoction
  2. aDecoction is an extraction method by boiling of dissolved chemicals of medicinal plant or plant parts
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