The use of OPCs is widespread in developing countries like Ethiopia to increase the yield of agriculture products to meet the mounting demand. The increased availability of OPCs has increased the incidence of ingestion, resulting in increasing suicidal and accidental poisoning . OPCs are popular insecticides and pesticides because of their effectiveness and non-persistence in the environment or body owing to their unstable chemical as do organochlorides nature . OPP is an important preventable public health problem in developing countries . However, OPP suicides remain a major clinical problem in developing countries, and are responsible for more than 90% of total poison exposures . Most of the studies from Ethiopia  and other countries  showed that suicide was the most common reason for the non-accidental poisoning. In this it was 90%. The fact that the majority of cases were due to suicidal mode of poisoning because of their accessibility of OP-products in the market has lead to significant increase for intentional poisoning for getting relived from family quarrels and/or financial burdens . In a study on India by Zaheer et al. it was found that most people believe that poison terminates life with minimal suffering . The analysis of data suggests that the incidence of consumption of OP was 38.46%, which is supported by other researchers’ manuscripts. Nearly half of the admissions to the emergency department with acute poisoning were due to OPCP . The most commonly consumed OP was Malathion (41.1%), which is similar with some other studies , the remaining 58.9% was unknown OPCs. However in other studies chlorpyrifos and methyl parathion was found to be the most common .
The present study, found that more OPP patients were from the urban areas, when compared to other studies. This can be explained by the relatively easy accessibility of OPCs in urban areas. Additionally, a study conducted in Jimma, Ethiopia like our finding, reported that urban dwellers are more likely to commit suicide than those from the rural areas .
The majority of the patients (81.1%), were in the age group 11–30 years, which is similar to that reported by other studies where two-thirds of patients were aged less than 30 years . The distribution of the cases with regard to their age clearly shows that the majority of the cases fall under the productive age group. This age group represents the part of the population which was the most physically, mentally and socially active, which makes them prone to increased levels of stress. This age group often bears the burden of family responsibility and may have more exposure to OPCs, making them a high risk group. In the study on OPPs performed by Singh et al., 76.8% of the female cases and 46.5% of the male cases were from the age group of 16 to 25 years old . Karki et al. similarly reported in their study in eastern Nepal that the majority (65%) of OPP patients were in the 15–30 years age group . Finally the study performed by Srinivas Rao et al. in south Indian hospital revealed that two-thirds of OPP cases were less than 30 years of age . Of all patients, between the age of 14 and 24 years (53.4%) were mostly prone to the incidence which is same as other studies in Nepal (49%)  this study only had one case under the age of 14. This poisoning was accidental, this finding was similar with other studies in which most pediatric poisonings are accidental in nature and death is rare .
The majority of poisoning cases are women (60%), with a male to female ratio of 1:1.5. These results are consistent with studies performed in several other parts of the world [20, 22, 24]. However, there are additional studies which found that males represented the majority of poisoning patients [25, 26].
Organophosphate poisonings can be absorbed by all routes, including inhalation, ingestion, and dermal absorption . However, the most common route of poisoning in this study was oral ingestion in the suicidal cases (88.9%) followed by accidental poison due to inhalational intake (2.2%), these findings are consistent with other studies .
Seasonal variation also alters poisoning statistics. The most number of cases were reported during the spring season (29 cases, 32.2%) followed by rainy (26.6%) and winter season (25.6%). The high incidence during these months is likely attributed to the fact that these months are the most common time to use insecticides and the Ops are easily accessible. This result was dissimilar to another study which showed more cases during summer season  and studies reported by Kar et al., 57% of the cases fall in the months between May and August .
When the yearly incidence rate is evaluated, there is an increase in OPPs between 2013 (15.3%) and 2014 (42%). This was replicated in a study done by Pokhrel et al. in Nepal where the rate increased from 0.1 to 0.5% in a year .
The time from the ingestion of poison to arrival at hospital is very important for patient prognosis and outcome. In this study, there were no deaths reported, and patients presented to the hospital as early as 13 min to as long as 12 h after ingestion.
90% of the patients presented to the hospital within 2 h of ingestion, with a mean time interval of about 1 h 10 min. 80% arrived within 12 h. Most of the patients in this study were from urban, more likely to accesses the health institutions for treatment This observation was also made in other studies .
Clinicians used gastric lavage for decontamination of acutely poisoned patients in 30%  of patients, which is a rate that was also noted in other studies . Gastric lavage is most effective within 30 min of ingestion, but is thought to be effective up to 4 h post-ingestion, as after this time Ops are no longer seen in the gastrointestinal tract [32, 33]. In this study, at times gastric lavage was used irrespective of the time of ingestion. In 5 patients (19%) gastric lavage was done wrongly and used at inappropriate time increments. Treatment of OP poisoning, secondary to decontamination efforts by gastric lavage, is primarily aimed at reversing the effects of the compound through atropine administration . Atropine is highly effective in antagonizing the actions of OPs at muscarinic receptor sites , when the correct diagnosis has been made . In the present study health care providers used decontamination methods in 45.6% of the patients; of these patients, 36.7% received atropine. Out of the 90 patients in this study, 63.3% did not received atropine, which is similar with results seen in other studies (65%) . Even if pralidoxime is effective in reversing the effect of OP, is not available in the study area.
Even though the study is retrospective and might have its own limitations related to documentation problem, the main reasons stated by patients for their suicide attempt were; being family dispute (5.8%), marital disharmony (16.9%), unsuccessful love affair (7.3%), for treatment of a disease (2.4%), being HIV positive (4.8%) and unplanned pregnancy (4.8%). These results were similar to those reported Soysal et al. .