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Table 2 Percentage of adult men and women from Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia and Zambia responses to TB knowledge related questions by HIV status

From: Tuberculosis knowledge, misconceptions/myths in adults: findings from Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia and Zambia Demographic Health Surveys (2013–2016)

Variable Female HIV+ Female HIV− P-value Male HIV+ Male HIV− P-value Overall
Ever hear of TB 97.6 96.4 < 0.001 98.5 97.3 < 0.001 97.0
TB spread by air when coughing or sneezing 78.8 70.7 <0.001 81.4 75.2 <0.001 73.8
TB spread through sharing utensils 20.4 15.7 < 0.001 24.5 18.7 < 0.001 17.8
TB spread through touching a person with TB 3.5 3.1 0.253 4.0 3.7 0.407 3.4
TB spread through sharing food 3.9 3.8 0.735 5.4 4.9 0.258 4.3
TB spread through sexual contact 3.5 4.0 0.210 3.5 3.4 0.831 3.8
TB spread through mosquito bite 0.1 0.3 0.104 0.2 0.2 0.612 0.2
TB spread through other means 4.0 2.7 < 0.001 7.4 7.2 0.737 4.9
Don’t Know how TB is spread 14.4 21.7 < 0.001 5.9 8.4 < 0.001 14.7
TB can be cured 90.2 79.4 < 0.001 91.8 83.3 < 0.001 82.6
Would keep it a secret if a family member get TB 38.8 40.1 0.269 31.3 31.8 0.620 36.1