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Table 3 The Association between DII, Fat-Free Mass, Fat Mass, and MCP-1

From: Associations of dietary inflammatory index, serum levels of MCP-1 and body composition in Iranian overweight and obese women: a cross-sectional study

Variables Β 95% (CI) P value
Fat free mass
 Anti-inflammatory diet 1.50 (0.01,3.01) 0.050*
 Pro-inflammatory diet Ref. Ref.  
Fat mass
 Anti-inflammatory diet − 0.142 (− 4.44,− 0.171) 0.034*
 Pro-inflammatory diet Ref. Ref.  
MCP-1
 Anti-inflammatory diet − 18.81 (− 35.84,− 1.79) 0.030**
 Pro-inflammatory diet Ref. Ref.  
  1. n = 280
  2. DII values were categorized according to the median
  3. (Anti-inflammatory diet: DII ≤ 0.05, Pro-inflammatory diet: DII > 0.06)
  4. P value*: adjusted for age, physical activity, economic and job status
  5. P value **: adjusted for age, weight, smoking, physical activity, economic and job status