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  1. The PneuX System is a novel endotracheal tube and tracheal seal monitor, which has been designed to minimise the aspiration of oropharyngeal secretions. We aimed to determine the incidence of ventilator-associ...

    Authors: Alex Doyle, Andrew Fletcher, Joseph Carter, Mark Blunt and Peter Young
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:92
  2. Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) is an environmentally and economically important organism and its gene content is reasonably well characterized. From a transcriptional standpoint, it is important to characterize...

    Authors: Stuart G Jantzen, Dan S Sanderson, Kris R von Schalburg, Motoshige Yasuike, Francesco Marass and Ben F Koop
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:88
  3. Amongst the extensive literature on immunohistochemical profile of breast cancer, very little is found on populations exposed to a potential risk factor such as depleted uranium. This study looked at the immun...

    Authors: Mais M Al-Mumen, Asad A Al-Janabi, Alaa S Jumaa, Kaswer M Al-Toriahi and Akeel A Yasseen
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:87
  4. Proteomic techniques allow researchers to perform detailed analyses of cellular states and many studies are published each year, which highlight large numbers of proteins quantified in different samples. Howev...

    Authors: Jenna Kenyani, J Alberto Medina-Aunon, Salvador Martinez-Bartolomé, Juan-Pablo Albar, Jonathan M Wastling and Andrew R Jones
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:86
  5. Secondary metabolites are reported to interfere with the isolation of RNA particularly with the recipes that use guanidinium-based salt. Such interference was observed in isolation of RNA with medicinal plants...

    Authors: Sanjay Ghawana, Asosii Paul, Hitesh Kumar, Arun Kumar, Harsharan Singh, Pardeep K Bhardwaj, Arti Rani, Ravi S Singh, Jyoti Raizada, Kashmir Singh and Sanjay Kumar
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:85
  6. The accurate determination of the number of copies of a gene in the genome (gene dosage) is essential for a number of genetic analyses. Quantitative real time PCR (qPCR) with TaqMan detection has shown advanta...

    Authors: Yolanda Bel, Juan Ferré and Baltasar Escriche
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:84
  7. A high quality of timely delivered medical appraisals is crucial for social and other insurances to judge possible occupational reintegration measures for patients with medical conditions who are in danger to ...

    Authors: Klaus Eichler, Daniel Imhof, Yvonne Bollag, Susanna Stöhr, Niklaus Gyr and Holger Auerbach
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:83
  8. Unisexual vertebrates have been demonstrated to reproduce by gynogenesis, hybridogenesis, parthenogenesis, or kleptogenesis, however, it is uncertain how the reproduction mode contributes to the clonal diversi...

    Authors: Zhong-Wei Wang, Hua-Ping Zhu, Da Wang, Fang-Fang Jiang, Wei Guo, Li Zhou and Jian-Fang Gui
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:82
  9. The West Sumatra earthquake that occurred on September 30, 2009, caused severe damage in some districts, including Padang Pariaman. As Padang Pariaman is an earthquake-prone area, disaster and emergency manage...

    Authors: Ahmad Fuady, Trevino A Pakasi and Muchtaruddin Mansyur
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:81
  10. Pyogenic hepatic abscesses are relatively rare, though untreated are uniformly fatal. A recent paradigm shift in the management of liver abscesses, facilitated by advances in diagnostic and interventional radi...

    Authors: Helen M Heneghan, Nuala A Healy, Sean T Martin, Ronan S Ryan, Niamh Nolan, Oscar Traynor and Ronan Waldron
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:80
  11. The present study represents a genome-wide transcriptomic analysis of the response of the model streptomycete Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) M145 to fermentor culture in Modified Evans Media limited, respectively,...

    Authors: Richard A Lewis, Sanjay K Shahi, Emma Laing, Giselda Bucca, Georgios Efthimiou, Michael Bushell and Colin P Smith
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:78
  12. Clostridium difficile is the major cause of pseudomembranous colitis associated with antibiotic use, and the spread of the hypervirulent epidemic ribotype 027/NAP-1 strain across hospitals worldwide has re-focuse...

    Authors: Li-Yang Hsu, Thean Yen Tan, Tse Hsien Koh, Andrea L Kwa, Prabha Krishnan, Nancy W Tee and Roland Jureen
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:77
  13. Research undertaken in developing countries has assessed discrepancies in police reporting of Road Traffic Injury (RTI) for urban settings only. The objective of this study was to assess differences in RTI rep...

    Authors: Junaid A Bhatti, Junaid A Razzak, Emmanuel Lagarde and Louis-Rachid Salmi
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:75
  14. Candida species including Candida krusei have become common pathogens, especially in immune-compromised patients. Pellicle on the surface of incubating nutrient broth extending with an adherent film above the bro...

    Authors: Jacob Fleischmann and Elia M Sripuntanagoon
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:74
  15. Two general approaches to prokaryotic live-cell imaging have been employed to date, growing bacteria on thin agar pads or growing bacteria in micro-channels. The methods using agar pads 'sandwich' the cells be...

    Authors: Graham Joyce, Brian D Robertson and Kerstin J Williams
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:73
  16. Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) in intron 2 of the Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor Type 2 (FGFR2) gene, including rs2981582, contribute to multifactorial breast cancer susceptibility. The high risk polym...

    Authors: Amy J Martin, Andrew Grant, Alison M Ashfield, Colin N Palmer, Lee Baker, Philip R Quinlan, Colin A Purdie, Alastair M Thompson, Lee B Jordan and Jonathan N Berg
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:72
  17. Both low birth weight, an indicator of intrauterine growth restriction, and low grade systemic inflammation depicted by high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) have emerged as independent predictors of ca...

    Authors: Azad R Bhuiyan, Sathanur R Srinivasan, Wei Chen, Mario J Azevedo and Gerald S Berenson
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:71
  18. Laser capture microdissection (LCM) can be applied to tissues where cells of interest are distinguishable from surrounding cell populations. Here, we have optimized LCM for fresh frozen normal breast tissue wh...

    Authors: Kristina E Aaltonen, Anna Ebbesson, Caroline Wigerup and Ingrid Hedenfalk
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:69
  19. Although the etiology of preeclampsia is still unclear, recent work suggests that changes in circulating angiogenic factors play a key role in its pathogenesis. In the trophoblast of women with preeclampsia, h...

    Authors: Sonia Nava-Salazar, Elly N Sánchez-Rodríguez, C Adriana Mendoza-Rodríguez, Carlos Moran, Juan F Romero-Arauz and Marco A Cerbón
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:68
  20. Etlingera elatior or 'pink torch ginger' (Zingiberaceae) are widely cultivated in tropical countries and used as spices and food flavoring. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant effects of Etl...

    Authors: Tan Jackie, Nagaraja Haleagrahara and Srikumar Chakravarthi
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:67
  21. 5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is a precursor of heme that is fundamentally important in aerobic energy metabolism. Among the enzymes involved in aerobic energy metabolism, cytochrome c oxidase (COX) is crucial. In ...

    Authors: Shun-ichiro Ogura, Kouji Maruyama, Yuichiro Hagiya, Yuta Sugiyama, Kyoko Tsuchiya, Kiwamu Takahashi, Fuminori Abe, Kenji Tabata, Ichiro Okura, Motowo Nakajima and Tohru Tanaka
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:66
  22. The lack of a sufficient number of molecular markers seriously limits the cognition of genetic relationships within and between populations of many species. Likewise, the genetic diversity of domestic goose (Anse...

    Authors: Krzysztof Andres and Ewa Kapkowska
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:65
  23. Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) is the most frequent cause of genital ulcer disease worldwide and has been associated with increased risk for HIV-1 acquisition and transmission. We conducted a cross-sectio...

    Authors: Andrew Mujugira, Amalia S Magaret, Jared M Baeten, Connie Celum and Jairam Lingappa
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:64
  24. This short communication focuses the on articular cartilage and the subchondral bone, both of which play important roles in the development of osteoarthritis (OA). There are indications that estrogen-deficienc...

    Authors: Anne C Bay-Jensen, Rasmus H Nielsen, Toni Segovia-Silvestre, Moïse Azria, Frank Staedtler, Martin Letzkus, Nicole Hartmann, Arndt H Brachat and Morten A Karsdal
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:63
  25. Aboriginal people in Australia experience higher mortality from cancer compared with non-Aboriginal Australians, despite an overall lower incidence. A notable contributor to this disparity is that many Aborigi...

    Authors: Sandra C Thompson, Shaouli Shahid, Dawn Bessarab, Angela Durey and Patricia M Davidson
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:62
  26. The H1N1 influenza pandemic had garnered a large amount of attention. Currently, the most effective preventive measure available is the H1N1 vaccine. We aimed to assess the willingness of our study participant...

    Authors: Gasmelseed Y Ahmed, Hanan H Balkhy, Saleh Bafaqeer, Badr Al-Jasir and Abdulhakeem Althaqafi
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:61
  27. There has been increased interest in the study of molecular survival mechanisms expressed by foodborne pathogens present on food surfaces. Determining genomic responses of these pathogens to antimicrobials is ...

    Authors: Sujata A Sirsat, Arunachalam Muthaiyan and Steven C Ricke
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:60
  28. Worldwide, the genus Haliotis is represented by 56 extant species and several of these are commercially cultured. Among the six abalone species found in South Africa, Haliotis midae is the only aquacultured speci...

    Authors: Paolo Franchini, Mathilde van der Merwe and Rouvay Roodt-Wilding
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:59
  29. This article aims to update the existing systematic review evidence elicited by Mickenautsch et al. up to 18 January 2008 (published in the European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry in 2009) and addressing the ...

    Authors: Steffen Mickenautsch and Veerasamy Yengopal
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:58
  30. High-throughput biological experiments can produce a large amount of data showing little overlap with current knowledge. This may be a problem when evaluating alternative scoring mechanisms for such data accor...

    Authors: Jean F Fontaine, Bernhard Suter and Miguel A Andrade-Navarro
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:57
  31. Carcinoma of unknown primary tumors (CUP) is present in 0.5%-9% of all patients with malignant neoplasms; only 20%-27% of primary sites are identified before the patients die. Currently, 18F-fluorodeoxy-glucos...

    Authors: Jong Sun Park, Jae-Joon Yim, Won Jun Kang, June-Key Chung, Chul-Gyu Yoo, Young Whan Kim, Sung Koo Han, Young-Soo Shim and Sang-Min Lee
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:56
  32. The discovery of patterns in DNA, RNA, and protein sequences has led to the solution of many vital biological problems. For instance, the identification of patterns in nucleic acid sequences has resulted in th...

    Authors: Sanguthevar Rajasekaran and Hieu Dinh
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:54
  33. Prediction of the location of culprit lesions responsible for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions may allow for prevention of these events. A retrospective analysis of coronary artery motion (CAM) was ...

    Authors: Aiden JC O'Loughlin, Karen Byth, John K French, David AB Richards, Annemarie Hennessy, A Robert Denniss and Pramesh Kovoor
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:51
  34. Flow cytometry is a widely used analytical technique for examining microscopic particles, such as cells. The Flow Cytometry Standard (FCS) was developed in 1984 for storing flow data and it is supported by all...

    Authors: Josef Spidlen, Parisa Shooshtari, Tobias R Kollmann and Ryan R Brinkman
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:50
  35. Since the discovery of the "living fossil" in 1938, the coelacanth (Latimeria chalumnae) has generally been considered to be the closest living relative of the land vertebrates, and this is still the prevailing o...

    Authors: Yunfeng Shan and Robin Gras
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:49
  36. Facilities that provide a service for DNA sequencing typically support large numbers of users and experiment types. The cost of services is often reduced by the use of liquid handling robots but the efficiency...

    Authors: Peter V Troshin, Vincent LG Postis, Denise Ashworth, Stephen A Baldwin, Michael J McPherson and Geoffrey J Barton
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:48
  37. Itch is a prominent feature of many skin diseases, particularly atopic dermatitis and cutaneous mastocytosis. Sodium cromoglicate (SCG), a chromone developed for the treatment of allergic disease has been show...

    Authors: Alan M Edwards, Michael T Stevens and Martin K Church
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:47
  38. Choke, caused by the endophytic fungus Epichloë typhina, is an important disease affecting orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) seed production in the Willamette Valley. Little is known concerning the conditions ...

    Authors: James E Dombrowski, James C Baldwin, Steve C Alderman and Ruth C Martin
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:46
  39. The implementation of a comprehensive public health response to hepatitis B in Australia is urgently required to reduce the increasing burden of hepatitis B infection on the health system and the community. A ...

    Authors: Jack Wallace, Stephen McNally, Jacqui Richmond, Behzad Hajarizadeh and Marian Pitts
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:45
  40. Sulfonamide resistance is conferred by the sul I gene found on many Enterobacteriaceae R plasmids and Tn21 type transposons. The sul I gene encodes a sulfonamide insensitive dihydropteroate synthase enzyme requir...

    Authors: James G Thomson, Meridith Cook, Mara Guttman, Jamison Smith and Roger Thilmony
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:44
  41. The use of newer azoles as prophylaxis in hematological patients undergoing stem cell transplantation or immunosuppressive chemotherapy has been shown to decrease the risk of developing invasive fungal disease...

    Authors: Siok-Ying Lee, Chay-Leng Yeo, Winnie H Lee, Andrea L Kwa, Liang-Piu Koh and Li-Yang Hsu
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:42
  42. Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) medication and surgical fundoplication are used for the control of gastro-oesophageal reflux in patients with Barrett's oesophagus, but differ in their effectiveness for both acid a...

    Authors: Sebastien Haiart, David I Watson, Mary P Leong, David Astill, Tim Bright and Damian J Hussey
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:41

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