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  1. Escherichia coli O157:H7 is the most common serovar of enterohemorrhagic E. coli associated with serious human disease outbreaks. Cattle are the main reservoir with E. coli O157:H7 inducing hemorrhagic enteritis ...

    Authors: Danica Baines, Stephanie Erb, Ross Lowe, Kelly Turkington, Emil Sabau, Gretchen Kuldau, Jean Juba, Luke Masson, Alberto Mazza and Ray Roberts
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:110
  2. Vibrio cholerae O1 and V. cholerae O139 infect humans, causing the diarrheal and waterborne disease cholera, which is a worldwide health problem. V. cholerae and the free-living amoebae Acanthamoeba species are p...

    Authors: Salah Shanan, Hadi Abd, Ingela Hedenström, Amir Saeed and Gunnar Sandström
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:109
  3. Poor quality of sleep among alcoholics and persons undergoing alcohol withdrawal has been described as a possible cause of alcohol relapse. It has been suggested earlier that nitrous oxide gas has a significan...

    Authors: Tuuli Lahti, Taina Methuen, Risto Roine, Kaija-Liisa Seppä, David Sinclair, Markku Partinen and Hannu Alho
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:108
  4. Oxygen supplementation is commonly given to the patients with severe pneumonia including Legionella disease. Recent data suggested that apoptosis may play an important role, not only in the pathogenesis of Legion...

    Authors: Tsuneharu Maeda, Soichiro Kimura, Tetsuya Matsumoto, Yoshinari Tanabe, Fumitake Gejyo and Keizo Yamaguchi
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:107
  5. Guidelines recommend an early initiation of aspirin treatment in patients with acute cerebral ischemia. Comparative studies on the best starting dose for initiating aspirin therapy to achieve a rapid antiplate...

    Authors: Saskia H Meves, Horst Neubauer, Ursula Overbeck and Heinz G Endres
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:106
  6. Type D personality has been associated in the past with increased cardiovascular mortality among patients with established coronary heart disease. Very few studies have investigated the association of type D p...

    Authors: Dimitrios Tziallas, Michael S Kostapanos, Petros Skapinakis, Haralampos J Milionis, Thanos Athanasiou, Moses S Elisaf and Venetsanos Mavreas
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:105
  7. One important physiological response to environmental stress in animals is change in gene expression. To obtain reliable data from gene expression studies using RT-qPCR it is important to evaluate a set of pos...

    Authors: Ingrid A Aursnes, Anne L Rishovd, Hans E Karlsen and Tor Gjøen
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:104
  8. Hemoglobin A2' (delta 16 Gly → Arg) is globally the commonest delta chain variant of HbA2. It is clinically and hematologically silent but its sole importance lies in the underestimation of HbA2 quantity durin...

    Authors: Maliha Nusrat, Bushra Moiz, Amna Nasir and Mashhooda Rasool Hashmi
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:103
  9. Based on our clinical experience, the H-reflex amplitude asymmetry might be an earlier sign of nerve root involvement than latency in patients with S1 radiculopathy. However, no data to support this assumption...

    Authors: Hesham N Alrowayeh and Mohamed A Sabbahi
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:102
  10. Depression and anxiety disorders have a high disease burden and as many as 15% of young people report mental health problems. Binge drinking, which is a particularly harmful way of consuming alcohol, is common...

    Authors: Marie-José Theunissen, Maria Jansen and Anke van Gestel
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:100
  11. Colletotrichum is one of the most widespread and important genus of plant pathogenic fungi worldwide. Various species of Colletotrichum are the causative agents of anthracnose disease in plants, which is a severe...

    Authors: Bungonsiri Intra, Isada Mungsuntisuk, Takuya Nihira, Yasuhiro Igarashi and Watanalai Panbangred
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:98
  12. Machine learning techniques have been widely applied to biological sequences, e.g. to predict drug resistance in HIV-1 from sequences of drug target proteins and protein functional classes. As deletions and in...

    Authors: Dominik Heider, Jens Verheyen and Daniel Hoffmann
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:94
  13. The PneuX System is a novel endotracheal tube and tracheal seal monitor, which has been designed to minimise the aspiration of oropharyngeal secretions. We aimed to determine the incidence of ventilator-associ...

    Authors: Alex Doyle, Andrew Fletcher, Joseph Carter, Mark Blunt and Peter Young
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:92
  14. Rural Australians face a higher mental health and lifestyle disease burden (obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease) than their urban counterparts. Our ongoing research reveals that the Australian farming...

    Authors: Susan Brumby, Ananda Chandrasekara, Scott McCoombe, Peter Kremer and Paul Lewandowski
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:89
  15. Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) is an environmentally and economically important organism and its gene content is reasonably well characterized. From a transcriptional standpoint, it is important to characterize...

    Authors: Stuart G Jantzen, Dan S Sanderson, Kris R von Schalburg, Motoshige Yasuike, Francesco Marass and Ben F Koop
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:88
  16. Amongst the extensive literature on immunohistochemical profile of breast cancer, very little is found on populations exposed to a potential risk factor such as depleted uranium. This study looked at the immun...

    Authors: Mais M Al-Mumen, Asad A Al-Janabi, Alaa S Jumaa, Kaswer M Al-Toriahi and Akeel A Yasseen
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:87
  17. Proteomic techniques allow researchers to perform detailed analyses of cellular states and many studies are published each year, which highlight large numbers of proteins quantified in different samples. Howev...

    Authors: Jenna Kenyani, J Alberto Medina-Aunon, Salvador Martinez-Bartolomé, Juan-Pablo Albar, Jonathan M Wastling and Andrew R Jones
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:86
  18. Secondary metabolites are reported to interfere with the isolation of RNA particularly with the recipes that use guanidinium-based salt. Such interference was observed in isolation of RNA with medicinal plants...

    Authors: Sanjay Ghawana, Asosii Paul, Hitesh Kumar, Arun Kumar, Harsharan Singh, Pardeep K Bhardwaj, Arti Rani, Ravi S Singh, Jyoti Raizada, Kashmir Singh and Sanjay Kumar
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:85
  19. The accurate determination of the number of copies of a gene in the genome (gene dosage) is essential for a number of genetic analyses. Quantitative real time PCR (qPCR) with TaqMan detection has shown advanta...

    Authors: Yolanda Bel, Juan Ferré and Baltasar Escriche
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:84
  20. A high quality of timely delivered medical appraisals is crucial for social and other insurances to judge possible occupational reintegration measures for patients with medical conditions who are in danger to ...

    Authors: Klaus Eichler, Daniel Imhof, Yvonne Bollag, Susanna Stöhr, Niklaus Gyr and Holger Auerbach
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:83
  21. Unisexual vertebrates have been demonstrated to reproduce by gynogenesis, hybridogenesis, parthenogenesis, or kleptogenesis, however, it is uncertain how the reproduction mode contributes to the clonal diversi...

    Authors: Zhong-Wei Wang, Hua-Ping Zhu, Da Wang, Fang-Fang Jiang, Wei Guo, Li Zhou and Jian-Fang Gui
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:82
  22. The West Sumatra earthquake that occurred on September 30, 2009, caused severe damage in some districts, including Padang Pariaman. As Padang Pariaman is an earthquake-prone area, disaster and emergency manage...

    Authors: Ahmad Fuady, Trevino A Pakasi and Muchtaruddin Mansyur
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:81
  23. Pyogenic hepatic abscesses are relatively rare, though untreated are uniformly fatal. A recent paradigm shift in the management of liver abscesses, facilitated by advances in diagnostic and interventional radi...

    Authors: Helen M Heneghan, Nuala A Healy, Sean T Martin, Ronan S Ryan, Niamh Nolan, Oscar Traynor and Ronan Waldron
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:80
  24. The present study represents a genome-wide transcriptomic analysis of the response of the model streptomycete Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) M145 to fermentor culture in Modified Evans Media limited, respectively,...

    Authors: Richard A Lewis, Sanjay K Shahi, Emma Laing, Giselda Bucca, Georgios Efthimiou, Michael Bushell and Colin P Smith
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:78
  25. Clostridium difficile is the major cause of pseudomembranous colitis associated with antibiotic use, and the spread of the hypervirulent epidemic ribotype 027/NAP-1 strain across hospitals worldwide has re-focuse...

    Authors: Li-Yang Hsu, Thean Yen Tan, Tse Hsien Koh, Andrea L Kwa, Prabha Krishnan, Nancy W Tee and Roland Jureen
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:77
  26. Research undertaken in developing countries has assessed discrepancies in police reporting of Road Traffic Injury (RTI) for urban settings only. The objective of this study was to assess differences in RTI rep...

    Authors: Junaid A Bhatti, Junaid A Razzak, Emmanuel Lagarde and Louis-Rachid Salmi
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:75
  27. Candida species including Candida krusei have become common pathogens, especially in immune-compromised patients. Pellicle on the surface of incubating nutrient broth extending with an adherent film above the bro...

    Authors: Jacob Fleischmann and Elia M Sripuntanagoon
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:74
  28. Two general approaches to prokaryotic live-cell imaging have been employed to date, growing bacteria on thin agar pads or growing bacteria in micro-channels. The methods using agar pads 'sandwich' the cells be...

    Authors: Graham Joyce, Brian D Robertson and Kerstin J Williams
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:73
  29. Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) in intron 2 of the Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor Type 2 (FGFR2) gene, including rs2981582, contribute to multifactorial breast cancer susceptibility. The high risk polym...

    Authors: Amy J Martin, Andrew Grant, Alison M Ashfield, Colin N Palmer, Lee Baker, Philip R Quinlan, Colin A Purdie, Alastair M Thompson, Lee B Jordan and Jonathan N Berg
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:72
  30. Both low birth weight, an indicator of intrauterine growth restriction, and low grade systemic inflammation depicted by high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) have emerged as independent predictors of ca...

    Authors: Azad R Bhuiyan, Sathanur R Srinivasan, Wei Chen, Mario J Azevedo and Gerald S Berenson
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:71
  31. Laser capture microdissection (LCM) can be applied to tissues where cells of interest are distinguishable from surrounding cell populations. Here, we have optimized LCM for fresh frozen normal breast tissue wh...

    Authors: Kristina E Aaltonen, Anna Ebbesson, Caroline Wigerup and Ingrid Hedenfalk
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:69
  32. Although the etiology of preeclampsia is still unclear, recent work suggests that changes in circulating angiogenic factors play a key role in its pathogenesis. In the trophoblast of women with preeclampsia, h...

    Authors: Sonia Nava-Salazar, Elly N Sánchez-Rodríguez, C Adriana Mendoza-Rodríguez, Carlos Moran, Juan F Romero-Arauz and Marco A Cerbón
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:68
  33. Etlingera elatior or 'pink torch ginger' (Zingiberaceae) are widely cultivated in tropical countries and used as spices and food flavoring. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant effects of Etl...

    Authors: Tan Jackie, Nagaraja Haleagrahara and Srikumar Chakravarthi
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:67
  34. 5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is a precursor of heme that is fundamentally important in aerobic energy metabolism. Among the enzymes involved in aerobic energy metabolism, cytochrome c oxidase (COX) is crucial. In ...

    Authors: Shun-ichiro Ogura, Kouji Maruyama, Yuichiro Hagiya, Yuta Sugiyama, Kyoko Tsuchiya, Kiwamu Takahashi, Fuminori Abe, Kenji Tabata, Ichiro Okura, Motowo Nakajima and Tohru Tanaka
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:66
  35. The lack of a sufficient number of molecular markers seriously limits the cognition of genetic relationships within and between populations of many species. Likewise, the genetic diversity of domestic goose (Anse...

    Authors: Krzysztof Andres and Ewa Kapkowska
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:65
  36. Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) is the most frequent cause of genital ulcer disease worldwide and has been associated with increased risk for HIV-1 acquisition and transmission. We conducted a cross-sectio...

    Authors: Andrew Mujugira, Amalia S Magaret, Jared M Baeten, Connie Celum and Jairam Lingappa
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:64
  37. This short communication focuses the on articular cartilage and the subchondral bone, both of which play important roles in the development of osteoarthritis (OA). There are indications that estrogen-deficienc...

    Authors: Anne C Bay-Jensen, Rasmus H Nielsen, Toni Segovia-Silvestre, Moïse Azria, Frank Staedtler, Martin Letzkus, Nicole Hartmann, Arndt H Brachat and Morten A Karsdal
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:63
  38. Aboriginal people in Australia experience higher mortality from cancer compared with non-Aboriginal Australians, despite an overall lower incidence. A notable contributor to this disparity is that many Aborigi...

    Authors: Sandra C Thompson, Shaouli Shahid, Dawn Bessarab, Angela Durey and Patricia M Davidson
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:62
  39. The H1N1 influenza pandemic had garnered a large amount of attention. Currently, the most effective preventive measure available is the H1N1 vaccine. We aimed to assess the willingness of our study participant...

    Authors: Gasmelseed Y Ahmed, Hanan H Balkhy, Saleh Bafaqeer, Badr Al-Jasir and Abdulhakeem Althaqafi
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:61

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