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  1. The order Carnivora is well represented in India, with 58 of the 250 species found globally, occurring here. However, small carnivores figure very poorly in research and conservation policies in India. This is...

    Authors: Shomita Mukherjee, Ashalakshmi CN, Chandrima Home and Uma Ramakrishnan
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:159
  2. Antigen stimulation of immune cells triggers Ca2+ entry through Ca2+ release-activated Ca2+ (CRAC) channels, promoting an immune response to pathogens. Defects in a CRAC (Orai) channel in humans gives rise to the...

    Authors: Madeleine G Matias, Kenny M Gomolplitinant, Dorjee G Tamang and Milton H Saier Jr
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:158
  3. Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by multiple clinical presentations and a relatively high prevalence in the population. This retrospective patient record study investigate...

    Authors: Mônica Ghislaine Oliveira Alves, Janete Dias Almeida, Ivan Balducci and Luiz Antonio Guimarães Cabral
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:157
  4. Fibromyalgia (FM) is characterized by chronic, widespread muscular pain and tenderness and is generally associated with other somatic and psychological symptoms. Further, circulatory levels of proinflammatory ...

    Authors: Maria E Hernandez, Enrique Becerril, Mayra Perez, Philippe Leff, Benito Anton, Sergio Estrada, Iris Estrada, Manuel Sarasa, Enrique Serrano and Lenin Pavon
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:156
  5. Myeloperoxidase (MPO), an important element of the microbicidal activity of neutrophils, generates hypochlorous acid (HOCl) from H2O2 and chloride, which is released into body fluids. Besides its direct microbici...

    Authors: Svenja Polzer, Melanie van Yperen, Martin Kirst, Birco Schwalbe, Heiner Schaal and Michael Schreiber
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:155
  6. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with microvascular complications, such as diabetic retinopathy (DR). DR is one of the main causes of visual loss in individuals aged 20-64 years old. This study aims to inv...

    Authors: Irini P Chatziralli, Theodoros N Sergentanis, Petros Keryttopoulos, Nikolaos Vatkalis, Antonis Agorastos and Leonidas Papazisis
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:153
  7. In the last years, plants are being used for the production of a wide variety of biopharmaceuticals, including cytokines, and have the potential to serve as vehicles for mucosal administration of these molecul...

    Authors: Carla Sánchez-Hernández, Abel Gutiérrez-Ortega, Diana Aguilar-León, Rogelio Hernández-Pando, Miguel Gómez-Lim and Beatriz Gómez-García
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:151
  8. From shotgun libraries used for the genomic sequencing of the phytopathogenic bacterium Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri (XAC), clones that were representative of the largest possible number of coding sequences (...

    Authors: Leandro M Moreira, Marcelo L de Laia, Robson F de Souza, Paulo A Zaini, Ana CR da Silva, Aline M da Silva and Jesus A Ferro
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:150
  9. Disturbances in motor activity pattern are seen in both schizophrenia and depression. However, this activity has rarely been studied objectively. The purpose of the present study has been to study the complexi...

    Authors: Jan O Berle, Erik R Hauge, Ketil J Oedegaard, Fred Holsten and Ole B Fasmer
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:149
  10. Banana is a nutritionally important crop across tropical and sub-tropical countries in sub-Saharan Africa, Central and South America and Asia. Although cultivars have evolved from diploid, triploid and tetrapl...

    Authors: Robert NG Miller, Marco AN Passos, Natalia NP Menezes, Manoel T Souza Jr, Marcos M do Carmo Costa, Vânia C Rennó Azevedo, Edson P Amorim, Georgios J Pappas Jr and Ana Y Ciampi
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:148
  11. Next-generation sequencing produces high-throughput data, albeit with greater error and shorter reads than traditional Sanger sequencing methods. This complicates the detection of genomic variations, especiall...

    Authors: Hossein Khiabanian, Pieter Van Vlierberghe, Teresa Palomero, Adolfo A Ferrando and Raul Rabadan
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:147
  12. Conjugation of small ubiquitin-related modifiers (SUMOs) is a frequent post-translational modification of proteins. SUMOs can also temporally associate with protein-targets via SUMO binding motifs (SBMs). Prot...

    Authors: Sebastian Eilebrecht, Caroline Smet-Nocca, Jean-Michel Wieruszeski and Arndt Benecke
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:146
  13. Protein-protein interactions (PPIs) are crucial for almost all cellular processes, including metabolic cycles, DNA transcription and replication, and signaling cascades. Given the importance of PPIs, several m...

    Authors: Yanzhi Guo, Menglong Li, Xuemei Pu, Gongbin Li, Xuanmin Guang, Wenjia Xiong and Juan Li
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:145
  14. Inflammation and its associated pathologies are increasingly suggested as risk factors for colorectal cancer (CRC) development. Previous research from our group has shown that increased levels of circulating, ...

    Authors: Kathryn E Hamilton, P Kay Lund, Joseph A Galanko, Robert S Sandler and Temitope O Keku
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:144
  15. Distribution of malaria and intestinal helminths is known to overlap in developing tropical countries of the world. Co-infections with helminth and malaria parasites cause a significant and additive problem ag...

    Authors: Abraham Degarege, Abebe Animut, Mengistu Legesse and Berhanu Erko
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:143
  16. Understanding gene expression and regulation is essential for understanding biological mechanisms. Because gene expression profiling has been widely used in basic biological research, especially in transcripti...

    Authors: Tao Huang, Lei Liu, Ziliang Qian, Kang Tu, Yixue Li and Lu Xie
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:142
  17. It was showed that stomatognathic functions correlate with alterations in locomotion, that are detectable through the analysis of loading during walking. For example, subjects with symptoms of Temporomandibula...

    Authors: Simona Tecco, Antonella Polimeni, Matteo Saccucci and Felice Festa
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:141
  18. In allopolypoid crops, homoeologous genes in different genomes exhibit a very high sequence similarity, especially in the coding regions of genes. This makes it difficult to design genome-specific primers to a...

    Authors: Xiu-Qiang Huang and Anita Brûlé-Babel
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:140
  19. NruI and Sbo13I are restriction enzyme isoschizomers with the same recognition sequence 5' TCG↓CGA 3' (cleavage as indicated↓). Here we report the cloning of NruI and Sbo13I restriction-modification (R-M) syst...

    Authors: Zhenyu Zhu, Chandra Sekhar Pedamallu, Alexey Fomenkov, Jack Benner and Shuang-yong Xu
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:139
  20. The commercial production of Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.) suffers from a major bottleneck due to the low success of producing juveniles for on-growing. Atlantic halibut females are routinely ha...

    Authors: Maren Mommens, Jorge MO Fernandes, Teshome T Bizuayehu, Sylvie L Bolla, Ian A Johnston and Igor Babiak
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:138
  21. Humans are the only host of polioviruses, thus the prospects of global polio eradication look reasonable. However, individuals with immunodeficiencies were shown to excrete vaccine derived poliovirus for long ...

    Authors: Alexandre Manirakiza, Emmanuella Picard, Richard Ngbale, Didier Menard and Ionela Gouandjika-Vasilache
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:136
  22. Cyprinids display the most abundant and widespread species among the European freshwater Teleostei and are known to hybridize quite commonly. Nevertheless, a limited number of markers for conducting comparativ...

    Authors: Vincent Dubut, Melthide Sinama, Jean-François Martin, Emese Meglécz, Juliette Fernandez, Rémi Chappaz, André Gilles and Caroline Costedoat
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:135
  23. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes are characterized by high levels of polymorphism and linkage disequilibrium (LD), important characteristics to study the genetic background of human populations and their ge...

    Authors: Paula R Pacheco, Claudia C Branco, Cidália T Gomes, Rita Cabral and Luisa Mota-Vieira
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:134
  24. Anemia is a health problem among infants and children. It is often associated with a decrease in some trace elements (iron, zinc, copper) and an increase in heavy metals as lead. This study was done to determi...

    Authors: Amal A Hegazy, Manal M Zaher, Manal A Abd el-hafez, Amal A Morsy and Raya A Saleh
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:133
  25. Primary prevention should be targeted at individuals with high global cardiovascular risk, but research is lacking on how best to identify such individuals in the general population. Family history is a good p...

    Authors: Helen J Thompson, Alastair CH Pell, Judith Anderson, Clara K Chow and Jill P Pell
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:132
  26. Within the context of a European network dedicated to the study of sarcoma the relevant literature on sarcoma risk factors was collected by searching PubMed and Google Scholar, the two information storage and ...

    Authors: Giuseppe Mastrangelo, Emanuela Fadda, Carlo R Rossi, Emanuele Zamprogno, Alessandra Buja and Luca Cegolon
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:131
  27. The majority of people who suffer morbidity due to smoking may have initiated smoking during adolescent period. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and associated factors for cigarette smoking...

    Authors: Bradley Jamison, Adamson S Muula, Seter Siziya, Sara Graham and Emmanuel Rudatsikira
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:130
  28. Recently, methods for measurement of dioxins in the blood have improved. Also, techniques for analyzing large quantities of data have been developed, such as data mining. Even in subjects with elusive characte...

    Authors: Shinya Matsumoto, Yoshiyuki Kanagawa, Soichi Koike, Manabu Akahane, Hiroshi Uchi, Satoko Shibata, Masutaka Furue and Tomoaki Imamura
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:129
  29. Although arboviral infections including Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) are common in sub-Saharan Africa, data on their circulation and prevalence are poorly documented. In 2006, more than 400 cases of dengue-like f...

    Authors: Maurice Demanou, Christophe Antonio-Nkondjio, Emmanuel Ngapana, Dominique Rousset, Christophe Paupy, Jean-Claude Manuguerra and Hervé Zeller
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:128
  30. Mammalian evolution is characterized by a progressive expansion of the surface area of the cerebral cortex, an increase that is accompanied by gyration of the cortical surface. The mechanisms controlling this ...

    Authors: Karsten B Nielsen, Mogens Kruhøffer, Ida E Holm, Arne L Jørgensen and Anders L Nielsen
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:127
  31. RNA quality and quantity is sometimes unsuitable for cDNA library construction, from plant seeds rich in oil, polysaccharides and other secondary metabolites. Seeds of jatropha (Jatropha curcas L.) are rich in fa...

    Authors: Jatinder Singh Sangha, Keyu Gu, Jatinder Kaur and Zhongchao Yin
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:126
  32. Since at least half of the genes in mammalian genomes are subjected to alternative splicing, alternative pre-mRNA splicing plays an important contribution to the complexity of the mammalian proteome. Expressed...

    Authors: Ann-Britt Nygard, Susanna Cirera, Michael J Gilchrist, Jan Gorodkin, Claus B Jørgensen and Merete Fredholm
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:123
  33. Rapid growth in the scientific literature available on-line continues to motivate shifting data analysis from humans to computers. For example, greater knowledge of sentence characteristics indicative of inter...

    Authors: Michael A Bauer, Robert E Belford, Jing Ding and Daniel Berleant
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:122
  34. Preterm birth remains a major public health problem and its incidence worldwide is increasing. Epidemiological risk factors have been investigated in the past, but there is a need for a better understanding of...

    Authors: Wei Yuan, Anne M Duffner, Lina Chen, Linda P Hunt, Susan M Sellers and Andrés López Bernal
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:119
  35. Ca2+-binding proteins are important for the transduction of Ca2+ signals into physiological outcomes. As in calmodulin many of the Ca2+-binding proteins bind Ca2+ through EF-hand motifs. Amongst the large number ...

    Authors: Hannah V McCue, Lee P Haynes and Robert D Burgoyne
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:118
  36. Epistatic interactions of multiple single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are now believed to affect individual susceptibility to common diseases. The detection of such interactions, however, is a challenging ...

    Authors: Yupeng Wang, Xinyu Liu, Kelly Robbins and Romdhane Rekaya
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:117
  37. Prompt administration of adequate empiric antimicrobial therapy is a major determinant influencing the outcome of serious infections. The objective of this study was to describe empiric antimicrobial therapy e...

    Authors: Vikas P Chaubey, Johann DD Pitout, Bruce Dalton, Terry Ross, Deirdre L Church, Daniel B Gregson and Kevin B Laupland
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:116
  38. In this paper a simple and cheap salting out and resin (InstaGene matrix® resin - BioRad) DNA extraction method from urine for PCR assays is introduced. The DNA of the fluke Schistosoma mansoni was chosen as the ...

    Authors: Martin J Enk, Guilherme Oliveira e Silva and Nilton B Rodrigues
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:115
  39. There is a high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among healthcare professional students. Although recent studies show musculoskeletal disorders are a common problem among X-ray technologists, there are ...

    Authors: Antonio Lorusso, Luigi Vimercati and Nicola L'Abbate
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:114
  40. Telomere length is a marker of cumulative damage to the cell, and has been associated with cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and diabetes.

    Authors: Emily W Harville, Michelle A Williams, Chun-fang Qiu, Julie Mejia and Rosa Ana Risques
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:113
  41. We have previously reported a new nerve conduction measurement parameter which we named the Distribution of F-latency (DFL) and showed that this was an approximate mirror of the Distribution of Conduction Velo...

    Authors: Mohammad J Alam and Khondkar S Rabbani
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:112
  42. Osteoporosis is a well-established risk factor for fall-related hip fractures. Training fall arrest strategies, such as martial arts (MA) fall techniques, might be useful to prevent hip fractures in persons wi...

    Authors: Brenda E Groen, Ellen Smulders, Jacques Duysens, Wim van Lankveld and Vivian Weerdesteyn
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:111
  43. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a human pathogen, representing an infection control challenge. Conventional MRSA screening takes up to three days, therefore development of rapid detection is...

    Authors: Sara Kolman, Haya Arielly and Yossi Paitan
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:110

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