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  1. Content type: Research note

    The aim of the study was to identify the risk factors for preterm birth in public hospitals of the central zone, Tigray, Ethiopia 2017/2018.

    Authors: Girmay Teklay, Tsega Teshale, Hagos Tasew, Teklewoini Mariye, Hagos Berihu and Teklay Zeru

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:571

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  2. Content type: Research note

    When using global positioning systems (GPS) to assess an individual’s exposure to their environment, a first step in data cleaning is to establish minimum GPS ‘inclusion criteria’ (a set of rules used to deter...

    Authors: Suzanne Mavoa, Karen Lamb, David O’Sullivan, Karen Witten and Melody Smith

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:578

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  3. Content type: Research note

    To assess the knowledge and attitude regarding family planning and the practice of family planning among the women of reproductive age group in South Achefer District, Northwest Ethiopia, 2017.

    Authors: Ayele Semachew Kasa, Mulu Tarekegn and Nebyat Embiale

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:577

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  4. Content type: Research note

    The study was conducted on 313 model and 313 non model households to assess latrine utilization and factors affecting among model and non-model families.

    Authors: Gidey Gebremedhin, Desalegn Tetemke, Meresa Gebremedhin, Gizienesh Kahsay, Hiwot Zelalem, Hailay Syum and Hadgu Gerensea

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:586

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  5. Content type: Research note

    Suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs) are prevalent among youth with psychotic disorders (PD) relative to the general population. Recent research now suggests that STBs may present during the prodromal phase ...

    Authors: Keneisha Sinclair-McBride, Nicholas Morelli, Sahil Tembulkar, Kelsey Graber, Joseph Gonzalez-Heydrich and Eugene J. D’Angelo

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:568

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  6. Content type: Research note

    To improve current knowledge of coronary flow reserve and non-obstructive coronary artery disease in terms of definition, features and clinical implications of measurement of coronary flow reserve (CFR), is an...

    Authors: Henry Anselmo Mayala, Khamis Hassan Bakari, Fabian Pius Mghanga and Wang ZhaoHui

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:566

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  7. Content type: Research note

    We use Tempus blood RNA tubes (Applied Biosystems) during health assessments of American moose (Alces alces spp.) as a minimally invasive means to obtain RNA. Here we describe a novel protocol to additionally iso...

    Authors: Jason A. Ferrante, Michelle R. Giles, Emily Benzie and Margaret E. Hunter

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:563

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  8. Content type: Research note

    The active place avoidance task (APA) is a behavioural task used to assess learning and memory in rodents. This task relies on the hippocampus, a region of the cerebral cortex capable of generating new neurons...

    Authors: Oressia Zalucki, Danyon Harkins, Lachlan Harris, Thomas H. J. Burne, Richard M. Gronostajski and Michael Piper

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:564

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  9. Content type: Research note

    A community based cross-sectional study was conducted from March to April, 2016 in Debre Markos town, Northwest Ethiopia to assess the level of household food insecurity and associated factors among pension be...

    Authors: Yawukal Chane, Getachew Hailu and Gemechu Kumera

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:561

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  10. Content type: Research note

    This meta-analysis was undertaken to estimate the prevalence of diabetic nephropathy and its association with hypertension in diabetics of sub-Saharan African countries.

    Authors: Fasil Wagnew, Setegn Eshetie, Getiye Dejenu Kibret, Abriham Zegeye, Getenet Dessie, Henok Mulugeta and Amanuel Alemu

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:565

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  11. Content type: Research note

    The aim of this study was to determine the magnitude of late initiation of antenatal care visit and associated factors among antenatal care follow up women in Tselemte district health facilities. The data were...

    Authors: Solomon Weldemariam, Ashenafi Damte, Kedir Endris, Melba C. Palcon, Kidisti Tesfay, Almaz Berhe, Tsige Araya, Hadgay Hagos and Haftom Gebrehiwot

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:562

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  12. Content type: Research note

    The objective of this paper is to demonstrate the utility of the CFIR framework for evaluating broad-scale change by discussing the challenges to be addressed when planning the assessment of broad-scale change...

    Authors: Jennifer N. Hill, Sara M. Locatelli, Barbara G. Bokhour, Gemmae M. Fix, Jeffrey Solomon, Nora Mueller and Sherri L. LaVela

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:560

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  13. Content type: Research note

    Helicobacter pylori is a pathogenic bacterium that parasitizes the gastric mucous layer and the epithelial lining of the stomach causing duodenal ulcers, gastric ulcers and cardiovascular disease amongst others. ...

    Authors: Nathan E. Agbor, Seraphine N. Esemu, Lucy M. Ndip, Nicoline F. Tanih, Stella I. Smith and Roland N. Ndip

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:559

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  14. Content type: Research note

    Lymphoblastoid cell lines are widely used in genetic and genomic studies. Previous work has characterized variant stability in transformed culture and across culture passages. Our objective was to extend this ...

    Authors: Laura B. Scheinfeldt, Kelly Hodges, Jonathan Pevsner, Dorit Berlin, Nahid Turan and Norman P. Gerry

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:558

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  15. Content type: Research note

    There has been a global increase in the incidence and prevalence of NAFLD. We assessed the knowledge and awareness of NAFLD among gastroenterology doctors in three state sector hospitals.

    Authors: Anne Thushara Matthias, Anthony Nilesh Ranjeev Fernandopulle and Suranjith L. Seneviratne

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:556

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  16. Content type: Research note

    The objective of this study is assessing magnitude of stunting and its predictors among children aged 6–59 months in Damot Gale district, South Ethiopia. Community based cross sectional study was done at Damot...

    Authors: Lamirot Abera, Tariku Dejene and Tariku Laelago

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:557

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  17. Content type: Research note

    Plant cells detect the presence of potentially pathogenic microorganisms in the apoplast via plasma membrane-localized receptors. Activated receptors trigger phosphorylation-mediated signaling cascades that pr...

    Authors: Danalyn R. Holmes, Lauren E. Grubb and Jacqueline Monaghan

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:555

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  18. Content type: Research note

    The aim of this study is to determine the magnitude of medication discrepancies and its associated factors at transitions in care of a Specialized University Hospital in eastern Ethiopia.

    Authors: Addisu Tamiru, Dumessa Edessa, Mekonnen Sisay and Getnet Mengistu

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:554

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  19. Content type: Research note

    We sought to (1) measure survival lengths after the onset of the main reason for the target’s suicide, (2) identify the highest-risk groups and the contributors to early death, in Japan, and (3) clarify peculi...

    Authors: Kayako Sakisaka

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:553

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  20. Content type: Research note

    Family planning enables women to prevent unwanted pregnancies and control family sizes. Provision of family planning services is an essential human right. This study aimed to describe the trends and patterns o...

    Authors: Paul Nkemtendong Tolefac, Theophile Njamen Nana, Eugene Vernyuy Yeika, Nkemnji Stanley Awungafac, Yolande Ntsama and Phillipe Nana Njotang

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:541

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  21. Content type: Research note

    Note taking is an effective strategy to improve students’ learning. It is considered that very few learners are fit enough for basic note taking skill. Thus, this study was aimed to assess note taking skill an...

    Authors: Awole Seid and Hafte Teklay

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:543

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  22. Content type: Research note

    Individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are usually > 50 years of age and have a low body mass index (BMI). An imbalance between matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), including MMP-3, and tis...

    Authors: Mulyadi, Sunnati, Mulkan Azhary, Faisal Yunus and Fariz Nurwidya

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:551

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  23. Content type: Research note

    Diabetes mellitus is a chronic non-communicable disease with considerable impact on health status and quality of life. It has a profound effect on quality of life in terms of social and psychological as well a...

    Authors: Kidist Reba, Zeleke Argaw, Bizuayehu Walle and Hordofa Gutema

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:544

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  24. Content type: Research note

    Dengue viral infection ranges from dengue fever to dengue haemorrhagic fever and lethal dengue shock syndrome. Currently no means are available to monitor the progression of disease. Real time PCR based gene e...

    Authors: Vigneshwari Easwar Kumar, Cleetus Cherupanakkal, Minna Catherine, Tamilarasu Kadhiravan, Narayanan Parameswaran, Soundravally Rajendiran and Agieshkumar Balakrishna Pillai

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:550

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  25. Content type: Case Report

    Acute intermittent porphyria is a rare autosomal dominant disorder caused by a deficiency of the enzyme, hydroxymethylbilane synthase. Recognition of acute neurovisceral attacks can be difficult due to the non...

    Authors: N. L. R. Indika, T. Kesavan, H. W. Dilanthi, K. L. S. P. K. M. Jayasena, N. D. P. D. Chandrasiri, I. N. Jayasinghe, U. M. T. Piumika, D. M. Vidanapathirana, K. D. A. V. Gunarathne, M. Dissanayake, E. Jasinge, W. Kodikara Arachchi, D. Doheny and R. J. Desnick

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:552

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  26. Content type: Research note

    Hereditary hearing loss (HL) is the most common sensorineural disorder in humans. Besides mutations in GJB2 and GJB6 genes, pathogenic variants in the SLC26A4 gene have been reported as a cause of hereditary HL d...

    Authors: Simone da Costa e Silva Carvalho, Carlos Henrique Paiva Grangeiro, Clarissa Gondim Picanço-Albuquerque, Thaís Oliveira dos Anjos, Greice Andreotti De Molfetta, Wilson Araujo Silva Jr and Victor Evangelista de Faria Ferraz

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:546

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  27. Content type: Research note

    Selective breeding for desirable traits is becoming popular in aquaculture. In Miyagi prefecture, Japan, a selectively bred population of Coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) has been established with the original,...

    Authors: Sho Hosoya, Kiyoshi Kikuchi, Hiroshi Nagashima, Junichi Onodera, Kouichi Sugimoto, Kou Satoh, Keisuke Matsuzaki, Masaki Yasugi, Atsushi J. Nagano, Akira Kumagayi, Kenichi Ueda and Tadahide Kurokawa

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:548

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  28. Content type: Research note

    Data regarding diabetes retinopathy and associated factors are currently lacking in Ethiopia. The study aims to determine the incidence and determinants of time to diabetes retinopathy among diabetes mellitus ...

    Authors: Tabot Keskis Azeze, Malede Mequanent Sisay and Ejigu Gebeye Zeleke

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:542

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  29. Content type: Research note

    Malnutrition is a common problem in patients with liver cirrhosis and tools for nutritional assessment are under debate. We conducted this study to assess prevalence of malnutrition in cirrhotic patients using...

    Authors: Om Parkash, Wasim Jafri, S. M. Munir and Romaina Iqbal

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:545

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  30. Content type: Research note

    This cross sectional study aims to describe the body iron status, trends of serum ferritin and associations of optimal body iron control in patients aged below 16 years with transfusion dependent β-thalassaemi...

    Authors: Tharindi Suriapperuma, Ravindu Peiris, Chamila Mettananda, Anuja Premawardhena and Sachith Mettananda

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:547

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  31. Content type: Research note

    The intestine is the major defensive barrier in the body by having more than 60% of the immune cells in the intestinal mucosa. The aim of this study was to evaluate the Toll like receptor (TLR) signaling pathw...

    Authors: Ava Behrouzi, Farzam Vaziri, Farhad Riazi Rad, Amir Amanzadeh, Abolfazl Fateh, Arfa Moshiri, Shohreh Khatami and Seyed Davar Siadat

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:539

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  32. Content type: Research note

    To analyze the correlation between municipal human development indices (MHDIs) and stroke mortality in residents of Brazilian state capitals in 2010. A secondary data analysis was conducted in 2015 using data ...

    Authors: Diego Monteiro de Melo Lucena, Francisco Winter dos Santos Figueiredo, Luiz Vinicius de Alcantara Sousa, Laércio da Silva Paiva, Tábata Cristina do Carmo Almeida, Sidnei José Galego, João Antônio Correa, Erika da Silva Maciel and Fernando Adami

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:540

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  33. Content type: Research note

    Thalassemia intermedia (TI) describes a disease ranging in severity between β thalassemia major (TM) and β thalassemia trait. Osteoporosis is observed in TI and TM. The exact reason of osteoporosis in TI could...

    Authors: Mahmoud A. Alfaqih, Nabil Bashir, Rami Saadeh, Yousef Khader, Musa Barqawi and Sara Alqudah

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:534

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  34. Content type: Research note

    This cross-sectional study was conducted to describe the socio-demographic characteristics, assess the utilization of HIV testing and counselling services, and to explore the reasons for the non-utilization of...

    Authors: Salina Khatoon, Shyam Sundar Budhathoki, Kiran Bam, Rajshree Thapa, Lokesh P. Bhatt, Bidhya Basnet and Nilambar Jha

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:535

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  35. Content type: Research note

    Despite malaria epidemiology has been extensively studied in primates, few studies were conducted in ungulates. After half a century without descriptions of Plasmodium spp. in deer since its first identification,...

    Authors: Leonilda Correia dos Santos, Lilian de Oliveira Guimarães, Ana Laura Grazziotin, Wanderlei de Morais, Zalmir Silvino Cubas, Marcos José de Oliveira, Rafael Felipe da Costa Vieira, Alexander Welker Biondo and Karin Kirchgatter

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:536

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  36. Content type: Research note

    Ras homolog enriched in striatum (Rhes) is a small GTP-binding protein that is predominantly localized in the striatal region of the brain. Rhes affects various signaling pathways and plays important roles in ...

    Authors: Hideya Mizuno and Ayako Taketomi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:528

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  37. Content type: Research note

    Titanium is the most commonly used material to manufacture dental implants and abutments. Recently, zirconia abutments have been manufactured with better aesthetic properties. However, zirconia abutments are h...

    Authors: Teresa Almeida Mendes, João Caramês, Luís Pires Lopes and Amílcar Lopes Ramalho

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:529

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  38. Content type: Research note

    Recent research comparing hangover sensitive drinkers with hangover resistant drinkers has revealed that experiencing alcohol hangovers is associated with significantly poorer self-reported immune functioning ...

    Authors: Aurora J. A. E. van de Loo, Marith van Schrojenstein Lantman, Marlou Mackus, Andrew Scholey and Joris C. Verster

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:526

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  39. Content type: Research note

    The aim of this study was to determine the level of drug resistance by gram-negative bacteria isolated from selected sewage polluted urban rivers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

    Authors: Teshome Belachew, Amete Mihret, Tesfaye Legesse, Yihenew Million and Kassu Desta

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:524

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  40. Content type: Research note

    The genome of Vibrio cholerae has three paralog genes encoding for distinct pyruvate kinases. We were interested in elucidating whether they were expressed, and contributed to the pyruvate kinase activity of V. c...

    Authors: Zoe Alba-Martínez, Leticia Ramírez-Silva and Gloria Hernández-Alcántara

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:527

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  41. Content type: Research note

    Describe the prevalence of HPV genotypes via PCR and DNA sequencing in 397 women who attended to the gynecological outpatient center in the Hospital Regional Docente de Cajamarca from March to September 2017.

    Authors: Luis Ponce-Benavente, Patricia Rejas-Pinelo, Miguel Angel Aguilar-luis, Carlos Palomares-Reyes, Lorena Becerra-Goicochea, Luis Pinillos-Vilca, Wilmer Silva-Caso, Luis E. Costa, Pablo Weilg, Juan Alvitrez-Arana, Jorge Bazán-Mayra and Juana del Valle-Mendoza

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:530

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  42. Content type: Research note

    Hyperglycemia is an independent risk factor in hospitalized patients for adverse outcomes, even if patients are not diabetic. We used continuous glucose monitoring to evaluate whether glycemic control (hypergl...

    Authors: Scott M. Pappada, Karina Woodling, Mohammad Hamza Owais, Evan M. Zink, Layth Dahbour, Ravi S. Tripathi, Sadik A. Khuder and Thomas J. Papadimos

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:533

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  43. Content type: Research note

    This study aimed to estimate the incidence of chronic kidney disease and its predictors among newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients attending St. Paul’s Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

    Authors: Alemayehu Hussen Geletu, Alemayehu Shimeka Teferra, Malede Mequanent Sisay and Destaw Fetene Teshome

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:532

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