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  1. Microbes can contaminate foodstuffs resulting in foodborne illnesses. Investigating microbial hazards in foods at the point of sale with rapid tools is required to avoid foodborne illness outbreaks. The curren...

    Authors: Dalia F. Khater, Radwa A. Lela, Mohamed El-Diasty, Shawky A. Moustafa and Gamal Wareth

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:112

    Content type: Research note

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  2. Intellectual Disability (ID) represents a neuropsychiatric disorder, which its etiopathogenesis remains insufficiently understood. Mutations in the Aristaless Related Homeobox gene (ARX) have been identified to c...

    Authors: Yousra Benmakhlouf, Renaud Touraine, Ines Harzallah, Zeineb Zian, Kaoutar Ben Makhlouf, Amina Barakat, Naima Ghailani Nourouti and Mohcine Bennani Mechita

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:110

    Content type: Research note

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  3. Human T cell leukemia virus-1 (HTLV-1) infection may lead to one or both diseases including HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) or adult T cell leukemia lymphoma (ATLL). The com...

    Authors: Mohadeseh Zarei-Ghobadi, Mohsen Sheikhi, Majid Teymoori-Rad, Sahar Yaslianifard, Mehdi Norouzi, Somayeh Yaslianifard, Reza Faraji, Mohammad Farahmand, Shiva Bayat, Mohieddin Jafari and Sayed-Hamidreza Mozhgani

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:109

    Content type: Research note

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  4. The emergence of colistin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae from human and animal sources is one of the major public health concerns as colistin is the last-resort antibiotic for treating infections caused by multidru...

    Authors: Kayhan Ilbeigi, Mahdi Askari Badouei, Hossein Vaezi, Hassan Zaheri, Sina Aghasharif and Khatereh Kafshdouzan

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:107

    Content type: Research note

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  5. Silica gel beads have promise as a non-toxic, cost-effective, portable method for storing environmental DNA (eDNA) immobilized on filter membranes. Consequently, many ecological surveys are turning to silica b...

    Authors: Michael J. Allison, Jessica M. Round, Lauren C. Bergman, Ali Mirabzadeh, Heather Allen, Aron Weir and Caren C. Helbing

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:106

    Content type: Research note

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  6. The major objective of the study was to sequence the whole genome of four Bangladeshi individuals and identify variants that are known to be associated with functional changes or disease states. We also carrie...

    Authors: Salim Khan, Shahina Akter, Barna Goswami, Ahashan Habib, Tanjina Akhtar Banu, Carl Barton, Eshrar Osman, Samiruzzaman Samir, Farida Arjuman, Saam Hasan and Maqsud Hossain

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:105

    Content type: Research note

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  7. Field interventions employed to improve preventive health behaviors and outcomes generally use well-established approaches; however, recent studies have reported that health education and promotional intervent...

    Authors: Mazbahul G. Ahamad and Fahian Tanin

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:103

    Content type: Research note

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  8. Diabetes mellitus is a chronic illness that requires ongoing patient self-management and support to prevent acute complications and to reduce the risk of long- term complications. The objective of the study wa...

    Authors: Rahel Nega Kassa, Ibrahim Yimer Ibrahim, Hana Abera Hailemariam and Mekdes Hailegebriel Habte

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:102

    Content type: Research note

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  9. To determine the correlation between anthropometric indices and the selected hemodynamic parameters among secondary adolescents aged 12–17 years.

    Authors: Godfrey Katamba, Abdul Musasizi, Mivule Abdul Kinene, Agnes Namaganda and Francis Muzaale

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:101

    Content type: Research note

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  10. This study evaluated the effect of an after-school group-based medium-intensity multicomponent behavioural intervention programme for children aged 8–12 years classified as overweight, obese or at risk for ove...

    Authors: Gitte C. Kloek, Martien W. A. Jongert and Sanne I. de Vries

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:100

    Content type: Research note

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  11. It is widely acknowledged that recruitment to randomised controlled trials (RCTs) is challenging, particularly trials that operate across multiple sites. A research area in need of further high-quality evaluat...

    Authors: Georgina Warner, Fatumo Osman, Serena McDiarmid and Anna Sarkadi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:99

    Content type: Research note

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  12. In contrast to childhood obesity, studies involving thin children are much fewer, especially in developed countries. Furthermore, most reports do not address the impact of childhood thinness on height velocity...

    Authors: Hassib Narchi, Afaf Alblooshi, Maisoon Altunaiji, Nawal Alali, Latifa Alshehhi, Huda Alshehhi, Asma Almazrouei, Ahmed R. Alsuwaidi and Abdul-Kader Souid

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:98

    Content type: Research note

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  13. Environmental surfaces may serve as potential reservoirs for nosocomial pathogens and facilitate transmissions via contact depending on its tenacity. This study provides data on survival kinetics of the most i...

    Authors: Ruth Hanna Katzenberger, Anja Rösel and Ralf-Peter Vonberg

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:97

    Content type: Research note

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  14. The Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is one of the zoonotic coronaviruses [Hemida Peer J 7:e7556, 2019; Hemida et al. One Health 8:100102, 2019]. The dromedary camels remained the only k...

    Authors: Maged Gomaa Hemida, Mohammed Alhammadi, Faisal Almathen and Abdelmohsen Alnaeem

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:96

    Content type: Research note

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  15. Lymphocytes express tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), the rate-limiting enzyme for the synthesis of dopamine, norepinephrine and epinephrine. This suggests a broader role for cathecholamines in lymphocyte function, a...

    Authors: R. Gomez-Flores, I. Gutierrez-Leal, D. Caballero-Hernández, A. Orozco-Flores, P. Tamez-Guerra, R. Tamez-Guerra and C. Rodríguez-Padilla

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:94

    Content type: Research note

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  16. The objectives of this study were to investigate the antifungal susceptibility and genetic diversity of Candida albicans isolated from HIV+ patients with oropharyngeal candidiasis. A total of 50 C. albicans isola...

    Authors: Iradj Ashrafi Tamai, Babak Pakbin and Bahar Nayeri Fasaei

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:93

    Content type: Research note

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  17. In 2018, we conducted a retrospective survey using the medical records of 484 patients with type 2 diabetes. The observed value of coronary heart disease (CHD) incidence after 5 years and the predicted value b...

    Authors: Yasunari Yamashita, Rina Kitajima, Kiyoshi Matsubara, Gaku Inoue and Hajime Matsubara

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:92

    Content type: Research note

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  18. Gastric cancer (GC) is a multifactorial disease and the fifth most frequent diagnosed cancer worldwide. It accounts for one third of cancer-related mortalities. Geospatial analysis using geographical informati...

    Authors: Fatemeh Hashemi Amin, Mahtab Ghaemi, Sayyed Mostafa Mostafavi, Ladan Goshayeshi, Khadijeh Rezaei, Mehdi Vahed and Behzad Kiani

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:91

    Content type: Data note

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  19. Prompt diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection is essential for proper treatment and eradication of the pathogen because prolonged infection could lead to gastric cancer. Sensitive and cost effective diagnosti...

    Authors: A. Ajayi, T. Jolaiya and S. I. Smith

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:90

    Content type: Research note

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  20. Tuberculosis (TB) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality globally. Despite efforts to eliminate TB in Thailand, the incidence rate has declined slowly. This study aimed to identify the incidence and risk ...

    Authors: Sakarn Charoensakulchai, Chaiyapun Lertpheantum, Chanapon Aksornpusitpong, Peeranut Trakulsuk, Boonsub Sakboonyarat, Ram Rangsin, Mathirut Mungthin and Phunlerd Piyaraj

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:89

    Content type: Research note

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  21. Nosocomial infections (NIs) are known as one of the remarkable problems in all countries. This study is aimed to estimate the prevalence rate of nosocomial bacterial agents with antimicrobial susceptibility pa...

    Authors: Hamid Sadeghi, Saeideh Gholamzadeh Khoei, Mehdi Bakht, Mohammad Rostamani, Sara Rahimi, Mehdi Ghaemi and Bahman Mirzaei

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:88

    Content type: Research note

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  22. The most common histopathologic malignant and benign nodules are Adenocarcinoma and Granuloma, respectively, which have different standards of care. In this paper, we propose an automatic framework for the dia...

    Authors: Mahsa Bank Tavakoli, Mahdi Orooji, Mehdi Teimouri and Ramita Shahabifar

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:87

    Content type: Research note

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  23. To assess the appropriateness of the statistical methodology used in a recent meta-analysis investigating the effect of maternity waiting homes (MWHs) on perinatal mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa.

    Authors: Jaameeta Kurji, Kristy Hackett, Kayli Wild and Zohra Lassi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:86

    Content type: Research note

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  24. Communities are important settings for health promotion and prevention. The community readiness assessment offers a structured approach to assess resources and opportunities to tackle a health problem within a...

    Authors: Saskia Muellmann, Tilman Brand, Dorothee Jürgens, Dirk Gansefort and Hajo Zeeb

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:85

    Content type: Research note

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  25. The purpose of this study was to compare the charges and payments associated with bone marrow aspiration and biopsies performed by hematology/oncology specialists versus interventional radiology specialists at...

    Authors: Nancy W. Bethuel, Eric Bravin, Nicole Krupa, Paul Jenkins, Melissa Scribani and Anne Gadomski

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:84

    Content type: Research note

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  26. The nosocomial pathogen, Acinetobacter baumannii, has acquired clinical significance due to its ability to persist in hospital settings and survive antibiotic treatment, which eventually resulted in the rapid spr...

    Authors: Kah Ern Ten, Muhammad Zarul Hanifah Md Zoqratt, Qasim Ayub and Hock Siew Tan

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:83

    Content type: Research note

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  27. Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most frequent life-threatening gastrointestinal disease experienced by premature infants in neonatal intensive care units all over the world. The objective of the present...

    Authors: Éric Tremblay, Emanuela Ferretti, Corentin Babakissa, Karolina Maria Burghardt, Emile Levy and Jean-François Beaulieu

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:82

    Content type: Research note

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  28. We developed a silver-containing hydroxyapatite (Ag-HA) coating to prevent periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is the main PJI-causing bacteria. Previously, we...

    Authors: Akira Hashimoto, Hiroshi Miyamoto, Sakumo Kii, Tomoki Kobatake, Takeo Shobuike, Iwao Noda, Motoki Sonohata and Masaaki Mawatari

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:81

    Content type: Research note

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  29. Non-haem iron(II)- and 2-oxoglutarate-dependent dioxygenases (i2OGdd), are a taxonomically and functionally diverse group of enzymes. The active site comprises ferrous iron in a hexa-coordinated distorted octa...

    Authors: Siddhartha Kundu

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:80

    Content type: Research note

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  30. Brucellosis is a zoonosis almost chronic disease. Brucellosis bacteria can remain in the environment for a long time. Thus, climate irregularities could pave the way for the survival of the bacterium brucellos...

    Authors: Maryam Mohammadian-Khoshnoud, Majid Sadeghifar, Zahra Cheraghi and Zahra Hosseinkhani

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:79

    Content type: Research note

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  31. Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) analysis is a sensitive way of determining the ultrastructure of collagen in tissues. Little is known about how parameters measured by SAXS are affected by preservatives com...

    Authors: Susyn Joan Kelly, Lizette duPlessis, John Soley, Frazer Noble, Hannah Carolyn Wells and Patrick John Kelly

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:78

    Content type: Research note

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  32. The objective of this study was to determine the proportion of extended spectrum β-lactamase producing gram-negative bacteria (ESBL-GNB) colonizing patients admitted at Mazimbu hospital and Morogoro Regional h...

    Authors: Nyambura Moremi, Vitus Silago, Erick G. Mselewa, Ashery P. Chifwaguzi, Mariam M. Mirambo, Martha F. Mushi, Lucas Matemba, Jeremiah Seni and Stephen E. Mshana

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:77

    Content type: Research note

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  33. Hospitalized patients who presented within the last 24 h with a bacterial infection were recruited. Participants were assigned into sepsis and uncomplicated infection groups. In addition, healthy volunteers we...

    Authors: Velma Herwanto, Benjamin Tang, Ya Wang, Maryam Shojaei, Marek Nalos, Amith Shetty, Kevin Lai, Anthony S. McLean and Klaus Schughart

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:76

    Content type: Data note

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  34. Development of sequencing technology has opened up vast opportunities for tree genomic research in the tropics. One of the aforesaid technologies named ONT (Oxford Nanopore Technology) has attracted researcher...

    Authors: Iskandar Zulkarnaen Siregar, Fifi Gus Dwiyanti, Rahadian Pratama, Deden Derajat Matra and Muhammad Majiidu

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:75

    Content type: Data note

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  35. The major purpose of this study was to determine the specific muscle(s) for superior sprint performance in sprinters. The cross sectional areas (CSAs) of ten muscles of the trunk and lower limb were measured u...

    Authors: Nobuaki Tottori, Tadashi Suga, Yuto Miyake, Ryo Tsuchikane, Takahiro Tanaka, Masafumi Terada, Mitsuo Otsuka, Akinori Nagano, Satoshi Fujita and Tadao Isaka

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:74

    Content type: Research note

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  36. The use of agarose in nucleic acid electrophoresis is the gold standard. However, agarose is very expensive and not readily available in resource limited developing countries like Ghana. Hence, finding a more ...

    Authors: Francis Tanam Djankpa, Gideon Akuamoah Wiafe, Bernard Ntim Boateng, Korantema Mawuena Tsegah, Samuel Essien-Baidoo, Mark Bilinyi Ulanja, Kwame Ofori Affram, Abdala Mumuni Ussif, Desmond Owusu Agyeman and Gabriel Asante

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:73

    Content type: Research note

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  37. Adolescence as one of the most challenging periods of humans’ growth is accompanied with major physical, behavioural, social-emotional, and neuroendocrine changes. Early maturation and eating disorders (EDs) h...

    Authors: Lida Daeie-Farshbaf, Mehrangiz Ebrahimi-Mameghani, Parvin Sarbakhsh, Neda Roshanravan and Ali Tarighat-Esfanjani

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:72

    Content type: Research note

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  38. Early detection of specific signs and symptoms to predict severe illness is essential to prevent infant mortality. As a continuation of the results from the multicenter Young Infants Clinical Signs and Symptom...

    Authors: Shahira Shahid, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Kanwal Nayani, Ayesha Munir, Nick Brown, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Fyezah Jehan and Muhammad Imran Nisar

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:71

    Content type: Research note

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  39. This study was planned to evaluate the genetic diversity in the admixed and Teli (a Hindu caste) populations of Maharashtra, India using 20 autosomal Short Tandem Repeat (STR) genetic markers. We further investig...

    Authors: Ashish Badiye, Neeti Kapoor, R. K. Kumawat, Shivani Dixit, Aditi Mishra, Akansha Dixit, Prachi Kathane, Sudeshna Bag, Vaishnavi Thakre, Kamlesh Kaitholia, Ankit Srivastava, Gyaneshwer Chaubey and Pankaj Shrivastava

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:69

    Content type: Research note

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  40. Our objective was to apply next-generation sequence-based DNA barcoding to identify the remnant larval bloodmeals in wild-caught host-seeking (unengorged) Ixodes scapularis nymphs (n = 216). To infer host species...

    Authors: G. A. Lumsden, E. V. Zakharov, S. Dolynskyj, J. S. Weese, L. R. Lindsay and C. M. Jardine

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:67

    Content type: Research note

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  41. The evaluation of physical activity for chronic hemodialysis patients is a new approach for patient global care. The objective of this work is to evaluate the physical activity in chronic hemodialysis patients...

    Authors: A. Bahadi, H. Lagtarna, S. Benbria, Y. Zajjari, D. Elkabbaj and N. Zemraoui

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:65

    Content type: Research note

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  42. We developed an actuator-driven pulsed water jet device (ADPJ) for flexible neuroendoscopy to achieve effective tissue dissection with vasculature preservation. Although flexibility is a strong advantage for m...

    Authors: Tetsuya Kusunoki, Tomohiro Kawaguchi, Atsuhiro Nakagawa, Yuta Noguchi, Shin-Ichiro Osawa, Hidenori Endo, Toshiki Endo, Ryuta Saito, Masayuki Kanamori, Kuniyasu Niizuma and Teiji Tominaga

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:64

    Content type: Research note

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  43. Data on gender representation in food and beverage advertisements may allow for a better understanding of how the food industry is targeting different audiences based on gender. Nonetheless, scant research on ...

    Authors: Lucila Rozas, Peter Busse, Joaquin Barnoya and Alejandra Garrón

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:63

    Content type: Data note

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