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  1. There has been much discussion and debate around the underreporting of COVID-19 infections and deaths in India. In this short report we first estimate the underreporting factor for infections from publicly ava...

    Authors: Soumik Purkayastha, Ritoban Kundu, Ritwik Bhaduri, Daniel Barker, Michael Kleinsasser, Debashree Ray and Bhramar Mukherjee

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:262

    Content type: Research note

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  2. Sengon (Falcataria moluccana) is a popular tree species in community plantation forests in Java, Indonesia due to its fast-growing and multipurpose characteristics. However, without effective control measures sen...

    Authors: Ulfah J. Siregar, Aditya Nugroho, Hasyyati Shabrina, Fitri Indriani, Apriliya Damayanti and Deden D. Matra

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:261

    Content type: Data note

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  3. Pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most prevalent type of cancer among children. This study was conducted to describe and correlate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of treatment of pa...

    Authors: Ramzi Shawahna, Sultan Mosleh, Yahya Odeh, Rami Halawa and Majd Al-Ghoul

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:259

    Content type: Research note

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  4. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of the Iran’s Health Transformation Plan on the frequency of natural vaginal deliveries (NVDs), cesarean sections (CSs), and total deliveries in the Fars provinc...

    Authors: Farhad Lotfi, Saeed Lohivash, Zahra Kavosi, Sakine Owjimehr and Mohsen Bayati

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:257

    Content type: Research note

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  5. Human precision cut lung slices (PCLS) are widely used as an ex vivo model system for drug discovery and development of new therapies. PCLS reflect the functional heterogeneity of lung tissue and possess relev...

    Authors: Monika Niehof, Stella Marie Reamon-Buettner, Olga Danov, Tanja Hansen and Katherina Sewald

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:255

    Content type: Research note

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  6. Psoriasis is an immune-mediated inflammatory skin disease. It can involve any body skin area, particularly the scalp, lower back, elbows, and knees. There are several topical and systemic therapies for the tre...

    Authors: Alireza Yargholi, Leila Shirbeigi, Roja Rahimi, Parvin Mansouri and Mohammad Hossein Ayati

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:253

    Content type: Research note

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  7. The purpose of this study is to compare the prevalence of latent TB infection (LTBI) among patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) to healthy controls without T2DM. To achieve this objective, we conducte...

    Authors: Argita D. Salindri, J. Sonya Haw, Genet A. Amere, Joyce T. Alese, Guillermo E. Umpierrez and Matthew J. Magee

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:252

    Content type: Research note

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  8. Dengue viral infection is an ongoing epidemic in Sri Lanka, causing significant mortality and morbidity. A descriptive-analytical study was carried out using serologically confirmed Dengue patients during a 6 ...

    Authors: Dickowita Kankanamge Dilani Priyangika, Gayani Premawansa, Madura Adikari, Sharmila Thillainathan, Sunil Premawansa, Bernard Deepal Wanniarachchi Jayamanne and Ranjan Premaratna

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:251

    Content type: Research note

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  9. This study was designed to explore the patterns of financial incentives received by some frontline health workers (including nurses, midwives as well as community health workers in paid employment) and the imp...

    Authors: Ekechi Okereke, George Eluwa, Akinwumi Akinola, Ibrahim Suleiman, Godwin Unumeri and Sylvia Adebajo

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:250

    Content type: Research note

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  10. This research was aimed to isolate cellulolytic molds in empty fruit bunches of oil palm (EFBOP) and soils from palm oil plantation area and identify their enzyme activities to digest EFBOP.

    Authors: Tracy Miller, Diana Elizabeth Waturangi and Tresnawati Purwadaria

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:249

    Content type: Research note

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  11. Turn sections represent the second largest part of total race time in 1500 m freestyle races and may substantially affect race results. Therefore, the aim of the study was to investigate individual race strate...

    Authors: Marek Polach, Dan Thiel, Jan Kreník and Dennis-Peter Born

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:248

    Content type: Research note

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  12. A novel 3-gene host transcriptional signature (GBP5, DUSP3 and KLF2) has been validated for tuberculosis (TB) treatment monitoring using laboratory-based RNA sequencing platforms. The signature was recently trans...

    Authors: Alexandra J. Zimmer, Samuel G. Schumacher, Erik Södersten, Anna Mantsoki, Romain Wyss, David H. Persing, Sara Banderby, Linda Strömqvist Meuzelaar, Jacqueline Prieto, Devasena Gnanashanmugam, Purvesh Khatri, Stefano Ongarello, Morten Ruhwald and Claudia M. Denkinger

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:247

    Content type: Research note

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  13. Chloroquine is used as a conventional drug therapy for the treatment of malaria. The existence of resistance to chloroquine shown among various species of Plasmodium leads to the search for more efficacious thera...

    Authors: Eshani Mahajan, Shweta Sinha, Alka Bhatia, Rakesh Sehgal and Bikash Medhi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:246

    Content type: Research note

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  14. Glutathione S-transferases have been associated with experimental resistance to some drugs. The present study investigated the factors associated with blood pressure control in patients with essential hyperten...

    Authors: Herman Karim Sombié, Daméhan Tchelougou, Abdoul Karim Ouattara, Jonas Koudougou Kologo, Pegdwendé Abel Sorgho, Dogfunianalo Somda, Sakinata Yaméogo, Arsène Wendpagnangdé Zongo, Isabelle Touwendpoulimdé Kiendrebeogo, Enagnon Tiémoko Herman Donald Adoko, Albert Théophane Yonli, Florencia Wendkuuni Djigma, Patrice Zabsonré, Hassanata Millogo and Jacques Simporé

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:244

    Content type: Research note

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  15. The Delta-Notch signaling pathway induces fine-grained patterns of differentiation from initially homogeneous progenitor cells in many biological contexts, including Drosophila bristle formation, where mathematic...

    Authors: Masaharu Yoshihara, Teppei Nishino, Manoj Kumar Yadav, Akihiro Kuno, Takeshi Nagata, Hiroyasu Ando and Satoru Takahashi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:243

    Content type: Research note

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  16. This study evaluated the relationship between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) disease activity level and physical activity (PA) by using an accelerometer and self-reported questionnaire.

    Authors: Yoichi Toyoshima, Nobuyuki Yajima, Tetsuya Nemoto, Osamu Namiki and Katsunori Inagaki

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:242

    Content type: Research note

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  17. In this study, we analyzed the molecular evolution of Staphylococcus aureus isolates using 16S rRNA gene and phylogenetic analysis to detect the prevalence of S. aureus infections in Sudan.

    Authors: Manal A. Gumaa, Abeer Babiker Idris, N. E. Bilal and Mohamed A. Hassan

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:240

    Content type: Research note

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  18. In this study, we applied two long-read sequencing (LRS) approaches, including single-molecule real-time and nanopore-based sequencing methods to investigate the time-lapse transcriptome patterns of host gene ...

    Authors: Zoltán Maróti, Dóra Tombácz, István Prazsák, Norbert Moldován, Zsolt Csabai, Gábor Torma, Zsolt Balázs, Tibor Kalmár, Béla Dénes, Michael Snyder and Zsolt Boldogkői

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:239

    Content type: Research note

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  19. The objective of this study was to characterize the composition of the gut microbiota in type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) patients with adequate and inadequate metabolic control, and its relationship with fiber...

    Authors: Angie Joyce Hamasaki-Matos, Katherine Marlene Cóndor-Marín, Ronald Aquino-Ortega, Hugo Carrillo-Ng, Cesar Ugarte-Gil, Wilmer Silva-Caso, Miguel Angel Aguilar-Luis and Juana del Valle-Mendoza

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:238

    Content type: Research note

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  20. Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) is one of the pathogens severely damaging tomato crops. Therefore, methods to treat or prevent TYLCV infection need to be developed. For this purpose, a method to convenie...

    Authors: Tomoaki Mori, Kosuke Takenaka, Fumiya Domoto, Yasuhiro Aoyama and Takashi Sera

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:237

    Content type: Research note

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  21. Arachnids have fascinating and unique biology, particularly for questions on sex differences and behavior, creating the potential for development of powerful emerging models in this group. Recent advances in g...

    Authors: Daniel Stribling, Peter L. Chang, Justin E. Dalton, Christopher A. Conow, Malcolm Rosenthal, Eileen Hebets, Rita M. Graze and Michelle N. Arbeitman

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:236

    Content type: Data note

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  22. Cross-sectional studies reported increased postural sway during balance tasks with a high (e.g., unipedal stance on foam ground) compared to a low (e.g., unipedal stance on firm ground) level of task difficult...

    Authors: Simon Schedler, Pascal Leifeld, Tim Seidel, Dennis Brueckner and Thomas Muehlbauer

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:235

    Content type: Research note

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  23. Breast cancer (BC) is the most significant and lethal type of cancer in women. Although there are many newly develop chemotherapy drugs for patients with BC treating at various stages, drug resistance is the m...

    Authors: Asma Safi, Soheila Delgir, Khandan Ilkhani, Azam Samei, Seyyed Reza Mousavi, Zahra Zeynali-Khasraghi, Milad Bastami and Mohammad Reza Alivand

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:234

    Content type: Research note

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  24. Computerized clinical image analysis is shown to improve diagnostic accuracy for cutaneous melanoma but its effectiveness in preoperative assessment of melanoma thickness has not been studied. The aim of this ...

    Authors: Marios Papadakis, Alexandros Paschos, Andreas Manios, Percy Lehmann, Georgios Manios and Hubert Zirngibl

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:232

    Content type: Research note

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  25. To investigate the psychometric properties of the validated Chichewa version of the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy in a large representative community-based sample in Malawi, a low-income country. We co...

    Authors: Jennifer A. Hall, Judith Stephenson and Geraldine Barrett

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:231

    Content type: Research note

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  26. In order to isolate and identify bacteria that produce potentially novel bactericidal/bacteriostatic compounds, two ponds on the campus of the Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) were targeted as part of a...

    Authors: Nicole T. Cavanaugh, Anutthaman Parthasarathy, Narayan H. Wong, KayLee K. Steiner, Jonathan Chu, Joseph Adjei and André O. Hudson

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:230

    Content type: Research note

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  27. To date, there are no useful markers for predicting the prognosis of metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC). We evaluated the effect of early changes in prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels aft...

    Authors: Shotaro Nakanishi, Masato Goya, Mitsuyoshi Tamaki, Takuma Oshiro and Seiichi Saito

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:227

    Content type: Research note

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  28. Marijuana policies in the United States have become more permissive, motivating research on demographic and policy-based differences in behaviors and attitudes towards driving after marijuana use. The Traffic ...

    Authors: Marco H. Benedetti, Li Li, Lucas M. Neuroth, Kayleigh D. Humphries, Ashley Brooks-Russell and Motao Zhu

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:226

    Content type: Research note

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  29. Physical activity reduces the risk of pregnancy-related complications. However, pregnant women often reduce their physical activity levels and do not follow the WHO’s physical activity recommendations during p...

    Authors: Jannie Tygesen Schmidt, Josephine Nielsen, Allan Riis and Birgit Tine Larsen

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:225

    Content type: Research note

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  30. The global burden of HIV on women and pediatric populations are severe in sub-Saharan Africa. Global child HIV infection rates have declined, but this rate remains quite high in sub-Saharan Africa due to Mothe...

    Authors: Jerry John Nutor, Pascal Agbadi, Thomas J. Hoffmann, Geoffrey Anguyo and Carol S. Camlin

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:224

    Content type: Research note

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  31. The impact of psychosocial stress on a variety of negative health outcomes is well documented, with current research efforts directed at possible mechanisms. Here, we focused on a potential mechanism involving...

    Authors: Magdalena Maria Jurkiewicz, Anett Mueller-Alcazar, Dirk Alexander Moser, Indralatha Jayatilaka, Anatoly Mikhailik, Jamie Ferri, Nia Fogelman and Turhan Canli

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:222

    Content type: Research note

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  32. Insemination with spermatozoa, seminal plasma and extender, cause a rapid inflammatory response in pig endometrium, characterized by an influx of neutrophils into the uterus. The transient inflammatory respons...

    Authors: Anna Svensson, Jatesada Jiwakanon, Caroline Fossum and Anne-Marie Dalin

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:221

    Content type: Research note

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  33. The aim of this study was to translate to Spanish the patellofemoral pain and osteoarthritis subscale of the knee injury and osteoarthritis outcome score (KOOS-PF) and validate this Spanish version of a diseas...

    Authors: Juan Pablo Martinez-Cano, Daniel Vernaza-Obando, Julián Chica and Andrés Mauricio Castro

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:220

    Content type: Research note

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  34. The aim of this study was to evaluate sleep quality and psychological effects on pediatric healthcare workers during the first wave of COVID-19 epidemic in Italy and to evaluate differences between primary and...

    Authors: Paola Di Filippo, Marina Attanasi, Giulia Dodi, Annamaria Porreca, Massimiliano Raso, Sabrina Di Pillo and Francesco Chiarelli

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:219

    Content type: Research note

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  35. Rotavirus A (RVA) remains the main causative agent of gastroenteritis in young children and the young of many mammalian and avian species. In this study we describe a RVA strain detected from a 6-month-old chi...

    Authors: Virginie Banga-Mingo, Mathew D. Esona, Naga S. Betrapally, Rashi Gautam, Jose Jaimes, Eric Katz, Diane Waku-Kouomou, Michael D. Bowen and Ionela Gouandjika-Vasilache

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:218

    Content type: Research note

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  36. To explore the mechanisms of collaboration between the stakeholders, including National Tuberculosis Control Program (NTP) and the Non-Communicable Disease Control and Prevention Program (NCDCP) at the nationa...

    Authors: Rita Suhuyini Salifu and Khumbulani W. Hlongwana

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:217

    Content type: Research note

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  37. Helicobacter pylori is one of the most common causes of gastric infections in humans. It is estimated that approximately 50% of people around the world are infected with this bacterium. This study aimed to determ...

    Authors: Farnaz Rasi-Bonab, Abolfazl Jafari-Sales, Mohammad Amin Shaverdi, Tahereh Navidifar, Morteza Saki, Atosa Ghorbani, Abimbola Olumide Adekanmbi, Behboud Jafari and Sara Naebi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:216

    Content type: Research note

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  38. Cutaneous leishmaniasis is a vector-borne parasitic disease whose lasting scars can cause stigmatization and depressive symptoms. It is endemic in remote rural areas and its incidence is under-reported, while ...

    Authors: Oscar Javier Oviedo Sarmiento, María del Mar Castro, Yenifer Orobio Lerma, Leonardo Vargas Bernal, Andrés Navarro and Neal D. E. Alexander

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:213

    Content type: Research note

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