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  1. Skin tags are associated with an insulin resistant phenotype but studies in White Europeans with morbid obesity are lacking. We sought to determine whether the presence of cervical or axillary skin tags was as...

    Authors: Clarissa Ern Hui Fang, Catherine Crowe, Annette Murphy, Martin O’Donnell and Francis M. Finucane

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:156

    Content type: Research note

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  2. The genus Bacillus comprises spore-forming rod-shaped Gram-positive bacteria, which usually grow aerobically or anaerobically. Members of this genus are common environmental microorganisms. Also, they can be moni...

    Authors: Waleed S. Mohammed, Elvira E. Ziganshina, Ramilya F. Akhmetova and Ayrat M. Ziganshin

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:152

    Content type: Data note

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  3. This study uses health and non-health sector data sources to select and assess available indicators for service provision along the continuum of care for maternal health at subnational levels in South Africa. ...

    Authors: Mamothena Carol Mothupi, Lucia Knight and Hanani Tabana

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:151

    Content type: Research note

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  4. Transcriptome analysis of human whole blood is used to discover biomarkers of diseases and to assess phenotypic traits. Here we have collected small volumes of blood in Tempus solution and tested whether diffe...

    Authors: Rebecca Mathew, Mohammed Toufiq, Valentina Mattei, Muna Al Hashmi, Harshitha Shobha Manjunath, Basirudeen Syed Ahamed Kabeer, Rita Calzone, Chiara Cugno, Damien Chaussabel, Sara Deola and Sara Tomei

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:150

    Content type: Research note

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  5. Dopamine-replacement utilizing L-DOPA is still the mainstay treatment for Parkinson’s disease (PD), but often leads to development of L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia (LID), which can be as debilitating as the motor ...

    Authors: Mitchell J. Bartlett, Lisa Y. So, Lajos Szabò, David P. Skinner, Kate L. Parent, Michael L. Heien, Todd W. Vanderah, Robin Polt, Scott J. Sherman and Torsten Falk

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:149

    Content type: Research note

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  6. RNA interference and miRNA mediated mechanisms have been proposed to explain the expression of a specific variant of VSP at a time on the surface of Giardia lamblia. Recently, epigenetic mechanisms involving hist...

    Authors: Daniel Roberto Orozco and Srinivas Garlapati

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:148

    Content type: Research note

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  7. The aim was to investigate the prevalence of and factors associated with periodontal disease among pregnant Sudanese women. A cross-sectional study was conducted at the Antenatal Care Clinic of Saad Abualila H...

    Authors: Yasir Salih, Abubakr M. Nasr, Abdel B. A. Ahmed, Manal E. Sharif and Ishag Adam

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:147

    Content type: Research note

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  8. Gene- nutrient interaction might possibly be involved in the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome and its components. In the current report, the association between antioxidant potential of the diet with 6P21 rs...

    Authors: Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:145

    Content type: Research note

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  9. Pig pluripotent stem cells have tremendous potential because the pig is a valuable animal as both an agricultural resource and as a preclinical model of human therapy. To date, a lack of understanding of pig p...

    Authors: Kwang-Hwan Choi, Dong-Kyung Lee, Jong-Nam Oh, Seung-Hun Kim, Mingyun Lee, Sung Woo Kim and Chang-Kyu Lee

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:144

    Content type: Data note

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  10. Timely implementation of influenza infection control and treatment can significantly reduce the impact on Hospital resources and patient management when demand is at peak. Turnaround times of Laboratory based ...

    Authors: S. O’Connell, C. Conlan, M. Reidy, C. Stack, A. Mulgrew and J. Baruah

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:143

    Content type: Research note

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  11. Trichosporon asahii is the major causative fungus of disseminated or deep-seated trichosporonosis and forms a biofilm on medical devices. Biofilm formation leads to antifungal drug resistance, so biofilm-related ...

    Authors: Sanae Kurakado, Ryota Chiba, Chisato Sato, Yasuhiko Matsumoto and Takashi Sugita

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:142

    Content type: Research note

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  12. Blue light has been attributed to the adverse biological effects caused by the use of smartphones and tablet devices at night. However, it is not realistic to immediately avoid nighttime exposure to blue light...

    Authors: Emi Yuda, Yutaka Yoshida, Norihiro Ueda and Junichiro Hayano

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:141

    Content type: Research note

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  13. Reprocessing reusable medical devices is crucial in the healthcare industry. To ensure patient safety, strict standards are dictated to validate thermal disinfection in automated washer-disinfectors. The Unite...

    Authors: Bruno Haas, Kelly J. Soto, Dana S. Day, Alexander C. Roy, Marie-Claude Gagnon, Jodi R. Alt and Philippe Labrie

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:140

    Content type: Research note

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  14. Programmed death-1 (PD-1) and its ligand PD-L1 are now used as predictive biomarkers to guide clinical decisions. Precise characterization of PD-L1-positive cells may contribute to our knowledge of which patie...

    Authors: Markus Tiemann, Vera Samoilova, Dmitri Atiakshin and Igor Buchwalow

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:139

    Content type: Research note

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  15. Bullying victimization among adolescents has been well-recognized as a behavior associated with adverse psychological and mental health outcomes. Most studies on bullying victimization have focused on adolesce...

    Authors: Adiba Ashrafi, Cindy Xin Feng, Cory Neudorf and Khrisha B. Alphonsus

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:138

    Content type: Research note

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  16. Ventricular unloading is associated with myocardial recovery. We sought to evaluate the association of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) on myocardial function after cardiac arrest. We conduc...

    Authors: Joseph E. Tonna, Stephen H. McKellar, Craig H. Selzman, Stavros Drakos, Antigone G. Koliopoulou, Iosif Taleb, Gregory J. Stoddard, Josef Stehlik, Frederick G. P. Welt, James F. Fair III, Kathleen Stoddard and Scott T. Youngquist

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:137

    Content type: Research note

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  17. Pythiosis is a deadly infectious disease caused by Pythium insidiosum. Reports of both human and animal pythiosis are on the rise worldwide. Prognosis of the pythiosis patients relies on early diagnosis and promp...

    Authors: Chalisa Jaturapaktrarak, Penpan Payattikul, Tassanee Lohnoo, Yothin Kumsang, Aree Laikul, Watcharapol Pathomsakulwong, Chompoonek Yurayart, Walaiporn Tonpitak and Theerapong Krajaejun

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:135

    Content type: Research note

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  18. Trypanosomosis is a disease of domestic animals and humans resulting from infection with parasitaemic protozoa of the genus Trypanosoma transmitted primarily by tsetse flies. A cross-sectional study was conducted...

    Authors: Behablom Meharenet and Dereje Alemu

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:133

    Content type: Research note

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  19. In tropical Africa, trypanosomiasis is present in endemic areas with many other diseases including malaria. Because malaria vectors become more anthropo-zoophilic under the current insecticide pressure, they m...

    Authors: Maty Fofana, Christian Mitri, Diawo Diallo, Brice Rotureau, Cheikh Tidiane Diagne, Alioune Gaye, Yamar Ba, Constentin Dieme, Mawlouth Diallo and Ibrahima Dia

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:127

    Content type: Research note

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  20. Leishmaniasis is caused by different Leishmania spp. Treatment failure (TF) of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a serious issue that may be due to various reasons, previous studies suggested Leishmania RNA virus (...

    Authors: Mohsen Abtahi, Gilda Eslami, Serena Cavallero, Mahmood Vakili, Saeedeh Sadat Hosseini, Salman Ahmadian, Mohammad Javad Boozhmehrani and Ali Khamesipour

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:126

    Content type: Research note

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  21. This study aimed to assess the availability of adequately iodized salt at a household level and associated factors in Arba Minch town, South Ethiopia using the gold standard technique, the iodometric titration.

    Authors: Dessalegn Ajema, Muluken Bekele, Manaye Yihune, Hiwot Tadesse, Gebrekiros Gebremichael and Melkamu Merid Mengesha

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:125

    Content type: Research note

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  22. Retirement from work may trigger various changes in everyday life that affect mental health. The current cross-sectional study, conducted with 231 veterans, examines the relationship between socio-demographic ...

    Authors: Dimitris Georgantas, Andreas Tsounis, Ioannis Vidakis, Maria Malliarou and Pavlos Sarafis

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:122

    Content type: Research note

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  23. Following the massive earthquake that struck eastern Japan on March 11, 2011, a large amount of radioactive material was released into the environment from the damaged reactor of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear ...

    Authors: Toshinori Omi, Sachie Nakiri, Setsuko Nakanishi, Naomi Ishii, Taiki Uno, Fumiharu Konno, Takeshi Inagaki, Atsushi Sakamoto, Masayuki Shito, Chihiro Udagawa, Naomi Tada, Kazuhiko Ochiai, Takuya Kato, Yoshi Kawamoto, Shuichi Tsuchida and Shin-ichi Hayama

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:121

    Content type: Research note

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  24. The Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) has been widely used to assess caregiver burden. Few research papers have investigated the Thai version of the ZBI. The study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of th...

    Authors: Kanokporn Pinyopornpanish, Manee Pinyopornpanish, Nahathai Wongpakaran, Tinakon Wongpakaran, Atiwat Soontornpun and Pimolpun Kuntawong

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:120

    Content type: Research note

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  25. In 2014, the Joint United Nations Program on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS) and partners set the ‘90-90-90 targets’. Many countries are facing the challenge of estimating the first 90. Our objective was to propose an a...

    Authors: Georges Nguefack-Tsague, Serge Clotaire Billong, Ousseni W. Tiemtore, Albert Frank Zeh Meka, Ismael Diallo, Brian Bongwong, Marie Nicole Ngoufack, Ernest Mvilongo, Yemurai Ndowa, Houssey Diallo, Bruno Clary, Koubagnine Takpa, Jean-Baptiste Guiard-Schmid, Leonard Bonono, Jean-Bosco Elat-Nfetam and Jinkou Zhao

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:118

    Content type: Research note

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  26. Sorghum is one of the most recalcitrant species for transformation. Considering the time and effort required for stable transformation in sorghum, establishing a transient system to screen the efficiency and f...

    Authors: Rita Sharma, Yan Liang, Mi Yeon Lee, Venkataramana R. Pidatala, Jenny C. Mortimer and Henrik V. Scheller

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:116

    Content type: Research note

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  27. In the bovine placenta, intimate fetomaternal contact is restricted to placentomes. Within the placentomes fetal chorionic villi interdigitate with corresponding maternal caruncular crypts. The trophoblast epi...

    Authors: Marina Polei, Juliane Günther, Dirk Koczan and Rainer Fürbass

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:115

    Content type: Data note

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  28. Staphylococcus epidermidis is the primary causative agent of infections associated with indwelling biomaterials. Antibiotic susceptibility patterns, Biofilm formation capability, and screening of responsible gene...

    Authors: Bahman Mirzaei, Peyman Faridifar, Mostafa Shahmoradi, Reza Shapouri, Fatemeh Iranpour, Fakhri Haghi, Mahnaz Ezzedin, Reyhaneh Babaei and Seyed Fazlollah Mousavi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:114

    Content type: Research note

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  29. The purpose of this study was comparing the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) results of trisodium citrate (TSC) and ethylene diamine tetra-acetic acid (EDTA) anticoagulants. A comparative cross-sectional s...

    Authors: Zegeye Getaneh, Fekadu Ayelgn, Geletaw Asemahegn, Habtamu Geleta, Aregawi Yalew and Tadele Melak

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:113

    Content type: Research note

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  30. This study aimed to determine the relative amounts of Streptococcus mutans (SM) and lactobacilli (LBs) and their relationship with dental caries among a Yemeni adult population.

    Authors: Sabah A. Sounah and Ahmed A. Madfa

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:112

    Content type: Research note

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  31. To analyze a training program in accident prevention and care and Pediatric Basic Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation taught by medical students.

    Authors: Helena Garreta, César Gutiérrez, Paula Greciano, Claudia Riber, Javier Urbano and Jesús López-Herce

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:111

    Content type: Research note

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  32. While frozen section methods have been widely conducted to determine aganglionosis segment during transanal endorectal pull-through (TEPT) for Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) patients in most institutions, some ho...

    Authors: Zikrul Haikal, Andi Dwihantoro, Hesti Gunarti and Gunadi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:104

    Content type: Research note

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  33. Although the eyes occupy 0.1% of the total body surface, eye injuries are serious because vision is arguably the most important sense. We aimed to assess knowledge of Saudi Arabian residents regarding steps to...

    Authors: Hadeel Seraj, Shahad Khawandanh, Arwa Fatani, Afnan Saeed, Ghadeer Alotaibi and Ahmed Basheikh

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:103

    Content type: Research note

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  34. The arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase (ALOX5) pathway has been investigated in diverse chronic inflammatory diseases including metabolic disorders. Recently, the ALOX5 polymorphism rs4987105 was identified to confer...

    Authors: Xi Li, Jindi Su, Shiguo Chen, Sheng Lin, Xiujie Zheng, Baojiang Wang, Keqin Yao, Liping Lai and Shan Duan

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:102

    Content type: Research note

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  35. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) are associated with concern of adverse drug reactions (ADRS) including gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, renal, and musculoskeletal. Non-selective and selective NS...

    Authors: Jan Schjøtt, Hilde Erdal, Sofie Opskar and Tormod K. Bjånes

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:100

    Content type: Research note

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  36. For the majority of people with acute sore throat, over-the-counter treatments represent the primary option for symptomatic relief. This study evaluated the in vitro bactericidal activity of lozenges containin...

    Authors: Derek Matthews, Oluwajoba Adegoke and Adrian Shephard

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:99

    Content type: Research note

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  37. Molecular typing methods are useful for rapid detection and control of a disease. Recently, the use of high-resolution melting (HRM) for spa typing of MRSA isolates were reported. This technique is rapid, inexpen...

    Authors: Zahra Hashemizadeh, Abdollah Bazargani, Davood Kalantar-Neyestanaki, Samane Mohebi and Nahal Hadi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:97

    Content type: Research note

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  38. Although controversial, there is increasing concern that Crohn’s disease may be a zoonotic infectious disease consequent to a mycobacterial infection. The most plausible candidate is M. avium subspecies paratuber...

    Authors: Robert J. Greenstein, Liya Su, Peter S. Fam, Brooke Gurland, Paul Endres and Sheldon T. Brown

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:96

    Content type: Research note

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  39. This study aimed to assess the validity and reliability of a dish-based, semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (DFFQ) for epidemiological studies in Iran. The DFFQ included 142 items (84 foods and 58 ...

    Authors: Azam Doustmohammadian, Maryam Amini, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Nasrin Omidvar, Mitra Abtahi, Monireh Dadkhah-Piraghaj, Bahareh Nikooyeh and Tirang R. Neyestani

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:95

    Content type: Research note

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  40. The silkworm Bombyx mori (B. mori) is an important domesticated lepidopteran model for basic and applied research. They produce silk fibres that have great economic value. The gut microbiome plays an important ro...

    Authors: Resma Rajan, Alekhya Rani Chunduri, Anugata Lima and Anitha Mamillapalli

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:94

    Content type: Data note

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  41. The biological interpretation of gene expression measurements is a challenging task. While ordination methods are routinely used to identify clusters of samples or co-expressed genes, these methods do not take...

    Authors: Lara Urban, Christian W. Remmele, Marcus Dittrich, Roland F. Schwarz and Tobias Müller

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:92

    Content type: Research note

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  42. Management of heart failure is complex and multifaceted but adherence to medications remains the cornerstone of preventing avoidable readmissions, premature deaths, and unnecessary healthcare expenses. Despite...

    Authors: Pedro Pallangyo, Jalack Millinga, Smita Bhalia, Zabella Mkojera, Nsajigwa Misidai, Happiness J. Swai, Naairah R. Hemed, Alice Kaijage and Mohamed Janabi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:89

    Content type: Research note

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  43. Intermediate care units provide a high level of care to complex patients and are becoming increasingly popular in North America. Despite the growing popularity of Intermediate care units, very little is known ...

    Authors: Karl Vantomme, Muhammad Siddiqui, Marlee Cossette and Kish Lyster

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:87

    Content type: Research note

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  44. We do not have any consistent markers for major depressive disorder (MDD) though various biological factors are involved in the pathophysiology. We aimed to evaluate the serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor...

    Authors: Md. Prova Zaman Emon, Rajesh Das, Nuruna Lovely Nishuty, M. M. A. Shalahuddin Qusar, Mohiuddin Ahmed Bhuiyan and Md. Rabiul Islam

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:83

    Content type: Research note

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