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  1. Histopathological studies suggest that parasite load is different between acute and chronic forms of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). However, highly sensitive detection methods are still needed to distinguish di...

    Authors: Maryam Fekri-SoofiAbadi, Meisam Fekri, Alireza moradabadi, Reza Vahidi, Simin Shamsi-Meymandi, Donya Dabiri and Shahriar Dabiri

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:615

    Content type: Research note

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  2. Ki67 is the most commonly used marker to evaluate proliferative index in breast cancer, however no cutoff values have been clearly defined for high ki67 index. Cancer management should be according to loco-reg...

    Authors: Atif Ali Hashmi, Kashif Ali Hashmi, Muhammad Irfan, Saadia Mehmood Khan, Muhammad Muzzammil Edhi, Javaria Parwez Ali, Shumaila Kanwal Hashmi, Huda Asif, Naveen Faridi and Amir Khan

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:605

    Content type: Research note

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  3. The objective of this study was to assess magnitude of metabolic syndrome and its associated factors among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in Ayder Comprehensive Specialized Hospital. A hospital based cross ...

    Authors: Gebreamlak Gebremedhn Gebremeskel, Kalayou Kidanu Berhe, Desta Siyoum Belay, Berihu Hailu Kidanu, Assefa Iyasu Negash, Kfle Tekulu Gebreslasse, Degena Bahrey Tadesse and Mulugeta Molla Birhanu

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:603

    Content type: Research note

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  4. Awareness about complications is important to reduce diabetes related morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to assess awareness of diabetes complications and associated factors among type 2 diabetic patien...

    Authors: Yitayeh Belsti, Yonas Akalu, Haileab Fekadu and Yaregal Animut

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:602

    Content type: Research note

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  5. Nurses are the main communication link for healthcare messages to hospitalized patients and also play a crucial role in preventing the emergence and spread antibiotic resistant bacteria through antibiotic stew...

    Authors: Mathanki Jayaweerasingham, Sacheera Angulmaduwa and Veranja Liyanapathirana

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:601

    Content type: Research note

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  6. Obstetric violence is an often overlooked obstacle to quality maternal health care service utilization. In the study setting, there was limited evidence on obstetric violence. Hence, this study aimed at assess...

    Authors: Muhabaw Shumye Mihret

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:600

    Content type: Research note

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  7. The cervical vertebrae are more durable than other skeletal components, and therefore may be the only remnants of a dead body. The present study aims to investigate the role of several linear dimensions of the...

    Authors: Seyed Reza Saadat Mostafavi, Azadeh Memarian, Omid Motamedi, Mohammadreza Khaleghi and Mehdi Pouromidi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:599

    Content type: Research note

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  8. This study was aimed to assess parental communication on sexual and reproductive health (SRH) issues and its associated factors among preparatory school students in Debre Tabor, Northcentral Ethiopia. Institut...

    Authors: Maru Mekie, Wubet Taklual, Abenezer Melkie and Dagne Addisu

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:598

    Content type: Research note

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  9. Acinetobacter baumanii is a pathogenic bacterium that is the cause of many nosocomial infections. This study aimed to determine metallo-β-lactamases (MBL) produced by the A. baumanii isolates obtained from clinic...

    Authors: Mansoor Khaledi, Milad Shahini Shams Abadi, Majid Validi, Behnam Zamanzad, Rezvan Vafapour and Abolfazl Gholipour

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:597

    Content type: Research note

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  10. Glucuronoyl esterase (GE) is an emerging enzyme that improves fractionation of lignin-carbohydrate complexes. However, the commercial availability of GE is limited, which hinders the research of GE-based biopr...

    Authors: C. G. Conacher, M. P. García-Aparicio, G. Coetzee, W. H. van Zyl and J. F. Gӧrgens

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:596

    Content type: Research note

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  11. Resistance training (RT) can improve whole muscle strength without increasing muscle fiber size or contractility. Neural adaptations, which lead to greater neural activation of muscle, may mediate some of thes...

    Authors: Thomas B. Voigt, Timothy W. Tourville, Michael J. Falcone, James R. Slauterbeck, Bruce D. Beynnon and Michael J. Toth

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:595

    Content type: Research note

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  12. The aim of this study was to assess the magnitude, patterns and predictive factors of unhealthy practice among mothers during pregnancy, childbirth, postnatal and newborn care in Southern Ethiopia.

    Authors: Getinet Kassahun, Negash Wakgari and Ribka Abrham

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:594

    Content type: Research note

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  13. The objective of this study was to observe the effects of chronic dosing with monosodium glutamate on mortality, fertility, major organ functions and histology in albino Wistar rats.

    Authors: Josiah Okwudili Nnadozie, Udunma Olive Chijioke, Okechukwu Charles Okafor, Daniel Bankole Olusina, Angus Nnamdi Oli, Patience Chiebonam Nwonu, Herbert Orji Mbagwu and Chioli Pascal Chijioke

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:593

    Content type: Research note

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  14. Diabetes, a rising global health problem, requires continuous self-care practice. There are limited studies about self-care practice, and most of the studies conducted in Ethiopia focused on some parts of the ...

    Authors: Andualem Yalew Aschalew, Mezgebu Yitayal, Amare Minyihun and Telake Azale Bisetegn

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:591

    Content type: Research note

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  15. Despite the access and availability of modern health care, Traditional Bone Setting (TBS) has a big place as alternative health care. Hence, this study was aimed to assess the preference of Traditional Bone Se...

    Authors: Nardos Worku, Tsegaye Tewelde, Biru Abdissa and Hailu Merga

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:590

    Content type: Research note

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  16. A cross-sectional survey involving 134 pulmonary TB patients started on TB treatment at the TB Treatment Unit of the regional referral hospital was conducted to ascertain the prevalence of individual and healt...

    Authors: Winters Muttamba, Samuel Kyobe, Alimah Komuhangi, James Lakony, Esther Buregyeya, Eldad Mabumba and Robert K. Basaza

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:589

    Content type: Research note

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  17. Kuwait has one of the highest obesity rates in the world. This study examined the associations between sedentary behaviour (objectively measured and self-reported), adiposity and systolic blood pressure in a s...

    Authors: Rawan Hashem, Juan Pablo Rey-Lόpez, Mark Hamer, Anne McMunn, Alex Rowlands, Peter H. Whincup, Christopher G. Owen, Ding Ding, Lauren Powell and Emmanuel Stamatakis

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:588

    Content type: Research note

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  18. Fetal macrosomia is a major risk factor for shoulder dystocia, which can lead to birth asphyxia, maternal and neonatal traumatic injuries, and perinatal death. If macrosomia is diagnosed in the antenatal perio...

    Authors: Tess Cruickshank, Tu’uhevaha J. Kaitu’u-Lino, Ping Cannon, Alesia Harper, Tuong-Vi Nguyen, Kirsten M. Dane, Anna L. Middleton, Valerie P. Kyritsis, Roxanne Hastie, Stephen Tong, Susan P. Walker and Teresa M. MacDonald

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:587

    Content type: Research note

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  19. The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence of congenital HIV infection of neonates at Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital (CMJAH) between 2015 and 2017, as well as compare the HIV PCR posi...

    Authors: Ghad Benali, Tanusha Ramdin and Daynia Ballot

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:586

    Content type: Research note

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  20. This study was aimed to assess the magnitude of maternal near misses and the role of delays including other risk factors. A Hospital based cross sectional study was conducted at three referral hospitals of Amh...

    Authors: Mulugeta Dile Worke, Habtamu Demelash Enyew and Maru Mekie Dagnew

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:585

    Content type: Research note

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  21. The aim of this study was to compare in vivo effect of five pharmacological options on inflammation and pulmonary fibrosis induced by paraquat.

    Authors: Jefferson Antonio Buendía, José Armando Justinico Castro, Laura Joanna Tapia Vela, Denis Sinisterra, Juana Patricia Sánchez Villamil and Andrés Felipe Zuluaga Salazar

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:584

    Content type: Research note

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  22. Molecular markers in DNA methylation at a subset of CpG sites are affected by the environment and contribute to biological (epigenetic) age. We hypothesized that shorter sleep duration and possibly irregular s...

    Authors: Mary A. Carskadon, Kenneth R. Chappell, David H. Barker, Anne C. Hart, Kayla Dwyer, Caroline Gredvig-Ardito, Caitlyn Starr and John E. McGeary

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:583

    Content type: Research note

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  23. Interprofessional team training has a positive impact on team behavior and patient safety culture. The overall objective of the study was to explore the impact of an interprofessional teamwork intervention in ...

    Authors: Oddveig Reiersdal Aaberg, Marie Louise Hall-Lord, Sissel Iren Eikeland Husebø and Randi Ballangrud

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:582

    Content type: Research note

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  24. We have assessed the risk factors for the occurrence of hospital-acquired (HA) and community-acquired (CA) viral acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) in children. Children (1–60 months) who were having A...

    Authors: Jayaweera Arachchige Asela Sampath Jayaweera and Mohammed Reyes

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:581

    Content type: Research note

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  25. microRNA (miRNA) is a small non-coding RNA that regulates gene expression by sequence-dependent binding to protein-coding mRNA in eukaryotic cells. In plants, miRNA plays important roles in a plethora of physi...

    Authors: Rikako Hirata, Kei-ichiro Mishiba, Nozomu Koizumi and Yuji Iwata

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:580

    Content type: Research note

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  26. The objective of this study was to identify determinants of stillbirth in Felege Hiwot comprehensive specialized referral hospital, North-west, Ethiopia: 2019. To conduct this study an institutional-based unma...

    Authors: Daniel Tarekegn Worede and Gizachew Worku Dagnew

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:579

    Content type: Research note

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  27. The aim is to compare the cost-effectiveness of two long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) delivery models (standard vs. new) in universal coverage (UC) campaigns in rural Mozambique.

    Authors: Jorge A. H. Arroz, Baltazar Candrinho, Chandana Mendis, Melanie Lopez and Maria do Rosário O. Martins

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:578

    Content type: Research note

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  28. Staphylococcus aureus with the ability of biofilm formation and the drug resistance acquisition is one of the most frequently isolated pathogens from chronic rhinosinusitis patients. Ultrasound as an alternative ...

    Authors: Narjes Feizabadi, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Mojtaba Fathali, Behnoosh Vasaghi-Gharamaleki, Mahdi Dadgoo, Jalil Kardan-Yamchi, Hossein Kazemian, Sonia Hesam-Shariati and Mohammad Mehdi Feizabadi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:576

    Content type: Research note

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  29. This study has analyzed the policy-making requirements related to basic health insurance package at the national level with a systematic view.

    Authors: Ramin Hayati, Mohammad Javad Kabir, Zahra Kavosi, Peivand Bastani, Ghasem Sobhani and Hamideh Javadinasab

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:575

    Content type: Research note

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  30. The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence and the reasons of issuing permission for therapeutic abortion in department of forensic medicine, Kermanshah-Iran.

    Authors: Azam Sharifi, Maryam Janatolmakan and Alireza Khatony

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:574

    Content type: Research note

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  31. To investigate the agreement between two data reduction approaches for detecting sedentary breaks from uni-axial accelerometry data collected in human participants. Free-living, uni-axial accelerometer data (n...

    Authors: Ian Cook

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:573

    Content type: Research note

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  32. This study aimed at determining diabetes status of homeless people in Nima and Agbogbloshie, Accra, Ghana and to evaluate the association between socio-demographic characteristics and diabetes prevalence.

    Authors: Ahmed Tijani Bawah, Albert Abaka-Yawson, Mohammed Mustapha Seini, Francis Agyemang Yeboah and Robert Amadu Ngala

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:572

    Content type: Research note

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  33. Gastrointestinal tract lymphomas are currently detected more frequently due to advances in endoscopic technology. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of flow cytometric analysis of restricted l...

    Authors: Katsunori Matsueda, Masaya Iwamuro, Takahide Takahashi, Sizuma Omote, Kenji Nishida, Takehiro Tanaka, Daisuke Ennishi, Fumio Otsuka, Tadashi Yoshino and Hiroyuki Okada

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:571

    Content type: Research note

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  34. The ruffed grouse, Bonasa umbellus, is broadly distributed across North America and displays considerable taxonomic diversity. Except for a genetic study of some western populations of ruffed grouse, nothing is k...

    Authors: Rodney L. Honeycutt, Glenn A. Proudfoot and Nova J. Silvy

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:570

    Content type: Research note

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  35. Pediatric ocular trauma represents a major concern for ophthalmologists. Delays in presentation, incomplete exams, inaccurate visual acuity (VA) results, and amblyopia can limit accurately predicting final vis...

    Authors: Abdelhalim Awidi and Courtney L. Kraus

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:569

    Content type: Research note

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  36. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is one of the most serious global public health threats that exert a significant burden in terms of patient morbidity and mortality and financial crises in many developing countr...

    Authors: Melkamu Abebe, Senait Tadesse, Girum Meseret and Awoke Derbie

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:568

    Content type: Research note

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  37. The study aimed to assess enteropathogens carriage rate and risk factors among apparently healthy food handlers at Wolkite University cafeteria, Southern Ethiopia.

    Authors: Temesgen Abera Bafa, Ebrahim Muktar Sherif, Admasu Haile Hantalo and Gashaw Garedew Woldeamanuel

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:567

    Content type: Research note

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  38. Infection with the causative agent of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) may be either symptomatic or asymptomatic. In this study we aimed at investigating the prevalence of asymptomatic infections of leishmania in non-...

    Authors: Nouh Saad Mohamed, Hussam A. Osman, Mohamed S. Muneer, Abdallah M. Samy, Ayman Ahmed, Anwar O. Mohammed, Emmanuel Edwar Siddig, Muzamil M. Abdel Hamid, Mohamed Siralkhatim Ali, Rihab A. Omer and Arwa H. Elaagip

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:566

    Content type: Research note

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  39. Pharyngeal carriers such as H. influenzae seem to constitute the only reservoir and probably the only transmission vehicle of the invasive disease. The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence of H. inf...

    Authors: Fahimeh Shooraj, Bahman Mirzaei, Seyed Fazlollah Mousavi and Farzaneh Hosseini

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:565

    Content type: Research note

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  40. The aim of this study was to determine the asymptomatic pharyngeal carriage rate of S. pyogenes, antimicrobial pattern and related risk factors among school children in Hawassa, southern Ethiopia.

    Authors: Asrat Anja, Getenet Beyene, Zewdineh S/Mariam and Deresse Daka

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:564

    Content type: Research note

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  41. Workplace health and safety is vital in every organization particularly in the healthcare settings. The aim was to assess the levels of knowledge, attitude, and practices of the healthcare professionals toward...

    Authors: Teshiwal Deress Yazie, Gezahegn Bewket Sharew and Wondwossen Abebe

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:563

    Content type: Research note

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  42. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of chronic kidney disease and to identify associated factors of chronic kidney disease among hypertensive patients. A cross-sectional study was conducted amon...

    Authors: Degena Bahrey, Gebreamlak Gebremedhn, Teklewoini Mariye, Alem Girmay, Woldu Aberhe, Assefa Hika, Girmay Teklay, Hagos Tasew, Teklay Zeru, Hadgu Gerensea and Gebre Teklemariam Demoz

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:562

    Content type: Research note

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  43. HIV-1 rapidly establishes a persistent infection that can be contained under life-long antiretroviral therapy (ART) but not cured. One major viral reservoir is the peripheral lymph node (LN) follicles. Studyin...

    Authors: Catherine Gerald Mkindi, Elias Antony Marandu, Ngisi Masawa, Farida Bani, Amina Nyuri, Theonestina Byakuzana, Thomas Klimkait, Song Ding, Giuseppe Pantaleo, Manuel Battegay, Nina Orlova-Fink, Maja Weisser-Rohacek and Claudia Daubenberger

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:561

    Content type: Research note

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  44. The Clinical Practice Guidelines for Dementia in Australia provide evidence-based recommendations for the assessment, diagnosis, and care of people with dementia and their informal carers. The extent to which ...

    Authors: Monica Cations, Gorjana Radisic, Lenore de la Perrelle and Kate E. Laver

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:559

    Content type: Research note

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  45. Medical records are critical to patient care, but often contain incomplete information. In UK hospitals, record-keeping is traditionally undertaken by junior doctors, who are increasingly completing early-care...

    Authors: Mrinalini Dey, Kurt Buhagiar and Farid Jabbar

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:558

    Content type: Research note

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  46. Excessive and patterned ambulation is associated with falls, urinary tract infections, co-occurring delirium and other acute events among long-term care residents with cognitive impairment/dementia. This study...

    Authors: Mary Elizabeth Bowen, Meredeth A. Rowe, Ming Ji and Pamela Cacchione

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:557

    Content type: Research note

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  47. This study was to determine and compare the prevalences of polypharmacy and comorbidities in patients aged 50 years or older with those patients younger than 50 years in a Mexican population.

    Authors: José Antonio Mata-Marín, Moisés Hermilo Martínez-Osio, Carla I. Arroyo-Anduiza, María de los Ángeles Berrospe-Silva, Alberto Chaparro-Sánchez, Itzel Cruz-Grajales, Javier Enrique Cruz-Herrera, Luis Antonio Uribe-Noguez, Jesus E. Gaytán-Martínez and Medardo Jerónimo-Morales

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:556

    Content type: Research note

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