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  1. In this study, we analyzed the molecular evolution of Staphylococcus aureus isolates using 16S rRNA gene and phylogenetic analysis to detect the prevalence of S. aureus infections in Sudan.

    Authors: Manal A. Gumaa, Abeer Babiker Idris, N. E. Bilal and Mohamed A. Hassan

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:240

    Content type: Research note

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  2. In this study, we applied two long-read sequencing (LRS) approaches, including single-molecule real-time and nanopore-based sequencing methods to investigate the time-lapse transcriptome patterns of host gene ...

    Authors: Zoltán Maróti, Dóra Tombácz, István Prazsák, Norbert Moldován, Zsolt Csabai, Gábor Torma, Zsolt Balázs, Tibor Kalmár, Béla Dénes, Michael Snyder and Zsolt Boldogkői

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:239

    Content type: Research note

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  3. The objective of this study was to characterize the composition of the gut microbiota in type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) patients with adequate and inadequate metabolic control, and its relationship with fiber...

    Authors: Angie Joyce Hamasaki-Matos, Katherine Marlene Cóndor-Marín, Ronald Aquino-Ortega, Hugo Carrillo-Ng, Cesar Ugarte-Gil, Wilmer Silva-Caso, Miguel Angel Aguilar-Luis and Juana del Valle-Mendoza

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:238

    Content type: Research note

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  4. Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) is one of the pathogens severely damaging tomato crops. Therefore, methods to treat or prevent TYLCV infection need to be developed. For this purpose, a method to convenie...

    Authors: Tomoaki Mori, Kosuke Takenaka, Fumiya Domoto, Yasuhiro Aoyama and Takashi Sera

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:237

    Content type: Research note

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  5. Arachnids have fascinating and unique biology, particularly for questions on sex differences and behavior, creating the potential for development of powerful emerging models in this group. Recent advances in g...

    Authors: Daniel Stribling, Peter L. Chang, Justin E. Dalton, Christopher A. Conow, Malcolm Rosenthal, Eileen Hebets, Rita M. Graze and Michelle N. Arbeitman

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:236

    Content type: Data note

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  6. Cross-sectional studies reported increased postural sway during balance tasks with a high (e.g., unipedal stance on foam ground) compared to a low (e.g., unipedal stance on firm ground) level of task difficult...

    Authors: Simon Schedler, Pascal Leifeld, Tim Seidel, Dennis Brueckner and Thomas Muehlbauer

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:235

    Content type: Research note

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  7. Breast cancer (BC) is the most significant and lethal type of cancer in women. Although there are many newly develop chemotherapy drugs for patients with BC treating at various stages, drug resistance is the m...

    Authors: Asma Safi, Soheila Delgir, Khandan Ilkhani, Azam Samei, Seyyed Reza Mousavi, Zahra Zeynali-Khasraghi, Milad Bastami and Mohammad Reza Alivand

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:234

    Content type: Research note

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  8. Computerized clinical image analysis is shown to improve diagnostic accuracy for cutaneous melanoma but its effectiveness in preoperative assessment of melanoma thickness has not been studied. The aim of this ...

    Authors: Marios Papadakis, Alexandros Paschos, Andreas Manios, Percy Lehmann, Georgios Manios and Hubert Zirngibl

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:232

    Content type: Research note

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  9. To investigate the psychometric properties of the validated Chichewa version of the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy in a large representative community-based sample in Malawi, a low-income country. We co...

    Authors: Jennifer A. Hall, Judith Stephenson and Geraldine Barrett

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:231

    Content type: Research note

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  10. In order to isolate and identify bacteria that produce potentially novel bactericidal/bacteriostatic compounds, two ponds on the campus of the Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) were targeted as part of a...

    Authors: Nicole T. Cavanaugh, Anutthaman Parthasarathy, Narayan H. Wong, KayLee K. Steiner, Jonathan Chu, Joseph Adjei and André O. Hudson

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:230

    Content type: Research note

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  11. To date, there are no useful markers for predicting the prognosis of metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC). We evaluated the effect of early changes in prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels aft...

    Authors: Shotaro Nakanishi, Masato Goya, Mitsuyoshi Tamaki, Takuma Oshiro and Seiichi Saito

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:227

    Content type: Research note

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  12. Marijuana policies in the United States have become more permissive, motivating research on demographic and policy-based differences in behaviors and attitudes towards driving after marijuana use. The Traffic ...

    Authors: Marco H. Benedetti, Li Li, Lucas M. Neuroth, Kayleigh D. Humphries, Ashley Brooks-Russell and Motao Zhu

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:226

    Content type: Research note

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  13. Physical activity reduces the risk of pregnancy-related complications. However, pregnant women often reduce their physical activity levels and do not follow the WHO’s physical activity recommendations during p...

    Authors: Jannie Tygesen Schmidt, Josephine Nielsen, Allan Riis and Birgit Tine Larsen

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:225

    Content type: Research note

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  14. The global burden of HIV on women and pediatric populations are severe in sub-Saharan Africa. Global child HIV infection rates have declined, but this rate remains quite high in sub-Saharan Africa due to Mothe...

    Authors: Jerry John Nutor, Pascal Agbadi, Thomas J. Hoffmann, Geoffrey Anguyo and Carol S. Camlin

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:224

    Content type: Research note

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  15. The impact of psychosocial stress on a variety of negative health outcomes is well documented, with current research efforts directed at possible mechanisms. Here, we focused on a potential mechanism involving...

    Authors: Magdalena Maria Jurkiewicz, Anett Mueller-Alcazar, Dirk Alexander Moser, Indralatha Jayatilaka, Anatoly Mikhailik, Jamie Ferri, Nia Fogelman and Turhan Canli

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:222

    Content type: Research note

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  16. Insemination with spermatozoa, seminal plasma and extender, cause a rapid inflammatory response in pig endometrium, characterized by an influx of neutrophils into the uterus. The transient inflammatory respons...

    Authors: Anna Svensson, Jatesada Jiwakanon, Caroline Fossum and Anne-Marie Dalin

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:221

    Content type: Research note

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  17. The aim of this study was to translate to Spanish the patellofemoral pain and osteoarthritis subscale of the knee injury and osteoarthritis outcome score (KOOS-PF) and validate this Spanish version of a diseas...

    Authors: Juan Pablo Martinez-Cano, Daniel Vernaza-Obando, Julián Chica and Andrés Mauricio Castro

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:220

    Content type: Research note

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  18. The aim of this study was to evaluate sleep quality and psychological effects on pediatric healthcare workers during the first wave of COVID-19 epidemic in Italy and to evaluate differences between primary and...

    Authors: Paola Di Filippo, Marina Attanasi, Giulia Dodi, Annamaria Porreca, Massimiliano Raso, Sabrina Di Pillo and Francesco Chiarelli

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:219

    Content type: Research note

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  19. Rotavirus A (RVA) remains the main causative agent of gastroenteritis in young children and the young of many mammalian and avian species. In this study we describe a RVA strain detected from a 6-month-old chi...

    Authors: Virginie Banga-Mingo, Mathew D. Esona, Naga S. Betrapally, Rashi Gautam, Jose Jaimes, Eric Katz, Diane Waku-Kouomou, Michael D. Bowen and Ionela Gouandjika-Vasilache

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:218

    Content type: Research note

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  20. To explore the mechanisms of collaboration between the stakeholders, including National Tuberculosis Control Program (NTP) and the Non-Communicable Disease Control and Prevention Program (NCDCP) at the nationa...

    Authors: Rita Suhuyini Salifu and Khumbulani W. Hlongwana

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:217

    Content type: Research note

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  21. Helicobacter pylori is one of the most common causes of gastric infections in humans. It is estimated that approximately 50% of people around the world are infected with this bacterium. This study aimed to determ...

    Authors: Farnaz Rasi-Bonab, Abolfazl Jafari-Sales, Mohammad Amin Shaverdi, Tahereh Navidifar, Morteza Saki, Atosa Ghorbani, Abimbola Olumide Adekanmbi, Behboud Jafari and Sara Naebi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:216

    Content type: Research note

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  22. The present study aimed to explore kindergarten staffs’ perceived usefulness of intervention components in association with changes in children’s vegetable intake and vegetables served in the kindergarten. Ass...

    Authors: Anne Lene Kristiansen, Anne Himberg-Sundet, Mona Bjelland, Nanna Lien, René Holst and Lene Frost Andersen

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:214

    Content type: Research note

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  23. Cutaneous leishmaniasis is a vector-borne parasitic disease whose lasting scars can cause stigmatization and depressive symptoms. It is endemic in remote rural areas and its incidence is under-reported, while ...

    Authors: Oscar Javier Oviedo Sarmiento, María del Mar Castro, Yenifer Orobio Lerma, Leonardo Vargas Bernal, Andrés Navarro and Neal D. E. Alexander

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:213

    Content type: Research note

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  24. Human identification systems based on STRs are widely used in human population genetics and forensic analysis. This study aimed to validate the cross-reactivity of three widely known human-specific STR identif...

    Authors: Abhishek Singh, Vivek Sahajpal, Mukesh Thakur, Lalit Kumar Sharma, Kailash Chandra, Deepika Bhandari and Arun Sharma

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:212

    Content type: Research note

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  25. Although many bacterial culture media are available commercially, there is a continuous effort to develop better selective media for bacteria, which cannot be grown on existing media. While exploring antibacte...

    Authors: Shooq Yousef Al-blooshi, Mustafa Amir Abdul Latif, Nour K. Sabaneh, Michael Mgaogao and Ashfaque Hossain

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:211

    Content type: Research note

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  26. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of leptospirosis among febrile patients with a suspicious clinical diagnosis of dengue fever in northern Peru.

    Authors: Juana del Valle-Mendoza, Carlos Palomares-Reyes, Hugo Carrillo-Ng, Yordi Tarazona-Castro, Sungmin Kym, Miguel Angel Aguilar-Luis, Luis J. del Valle, Ronald Aquino-Ortega, Johanna Martins-Luna, Isaac Peña-Tuesta, Eduardo Verne and Wilmer Silva-Caso

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:209

    Content type: Research note

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  27. Zymomonas mobilis is an alpha-proteobacterium with a rapid ethanologenic pathway, involving Entner–Doudoroff (E–D) glycolysis, pyruvate decarboxylase (Pdc) and two alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) isoenzymes. Pyruvate...

    Authors: Reinis Rutkis, Inese Strazdina, Zane Lasa, Per Bruheim and Uldis Kalnenieks

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:208

    Content type: Research note

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  28. Many C. elegans aging studies use the compound 5-fluro-2ʹ-deoxyuridine (FUdR) to produce a synchronous population of worms. However, the effects of FUdR on the bacterial gene expression of OP50 E. coli, the prima...

    Authors: Grace McIntyre, Justin Wright, Hoi Tong Wong, Regina Lamendella and Jason Chan

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:207

    Content type: Research note

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  29. Biomarker mRNA levels have been suggested to be predictors of patient survival and therapy response in melanoma cases. This study aimed to investigate the correlations between the mRNA expression levels of PD-L1 ...

    Authors: Ridwan Dwi Saputro, Hanggoro Tri Rinonce, Yayuk Iramawasita, Muhammad Rasyid Ridho, Maria Fransiska Pudjohartono, Sumadi Lukman Anwar, Kunto Setiaji and Teguh Aryandono

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:206

    Content type: Research note

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  30. Retinoschisis and Norrie disease are X-linked recessive retinal disorders caused by mutations in RS1 and NDP genes respectively. Both are likely to be monogenic and no locus heterogeneity has been reported. Howev...

    Authors: Rahini Rajendran, Dhandayuthapani Sudha, Subbulakshmi Chidambaram, Hemavathy Nagarajan, Umashankar Vetrivel and Jayamuruga Pandian Arunachalam

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:204

    Content type: Research note

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  31. A feature of late-life depression is alterations of the stress hormone system. The CYP21A2 gene encodes for the steroid 21-hydroxylase enzyme which is required for the biosynthesis of mineralocorticoids and gluco...

    Authors: Marie-Laure Ancelin, Joanna Norton, Karen Ritchie, Isabelle Chaudieu and Joanne Ryan

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:203

    Content type: Research note

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  32. The objective of this research were to screen quorum quenching activity compound from phyllosphere bacteria as well as antibiofilm activity against several fish pathogen bacteria such as Aeromonas hydrophila, Str...

    Authors: Olivia Nathalia and Diana Elizabeth Waturangi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:202

    Content type: Research note

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  33. Fast-track cardiac anesthesia (FTCA) is a technique that may improve patient access to surgery and maximize workforce utilization. However, feasibility and factors impacting FTCA implementation remain poorly e...

    Authors: Patryck Lloyd-Donald, Wen-Shen Lee, James W. Hooper, Dong Kyu Lee, Alice Moore, Nikhil Chandra, Peter McCall, Siven Seevanayagam, George Matalanis, Stephen Warrillow and Laurence Weinberg

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:201

    Content type: Research note

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  34. In the framework of EVALMOUS study aiming to assess the use and effectiveness of mosquito nets by pregnant women and other members of their household in a lagoon area in southern Benin, the behaviour of pregna...

    Authors: Armel Djènontin, Aziz Bouraima, Christophe Soares, Seun Egbinola and Gilles Cottrell

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:200

    Content type: Research note

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  35. The current study aimed to evaluate the effects of Ficus carica latex on the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), induced by Leishmania major. A 5% topical gel with F. carica latex was prepared. BALB/c mice...

    Authors: Ali Pouryousef, Erfan Eslami, Sepehr Shahriarirad, Sina Zoghi, Mehdi Emami, Mohammad Reza Cheraghi, Bardia Zamiri, Soliman Mohammadi-Samanii and Bahador Sarkari

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:199

    Content type: Research note

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  36. Elamipretide (SS31) is a mitochondria-targeted peptide that has reported functions of stabilizing mitochondrial cristae structure and improving mitochondrial bioenergetics. Several studies have documented cell...

    Authors: Joshua A. Grosser, Rachel L. Fehrman, Dennis Keefe, Martin Redmon and Robert W. Nickells

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:198

    Content type: Research note

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  37. We employed the Illumina NGS platform to sequence genomes of 4 different strains of the pathogenic oomycete Pythium insidiosum, the causative agent of pythiosis. These strains were isolated from humans in Thailan...

    Authors: Theerapong Krajaejun, Weerayuth Kittichotirat, Preecha Patumcharoenpol, Thidarat Rujirawat, Tassanee Lohnoo and Wanta Yingyong

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:197

    Content type: Data note

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  38. Previous studies from the developed countries showed that children born very low birth weight have a higher risk of hypertension compared with that of the normal birth weight controls. However, studies regardi...

    Authors: Chompoonut Limratchapong, Pracha Nuntnarumit, Wischuri Paksi and Kwanchai Pirojsakul

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:196

    Content type: Research note

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  39. Persons who use opioids may be at elevated risk of harm from the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, yet few data currently exist that can be used to examine this risk. As part of a rapid response su...

    Authors: Maria A. Parker, Jon Agley, Zachary W. Adams and Andrea C. Villanti

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:195

    Content type: Research note

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  40. Endothelin-1 plays an important role in the pathogenesis of severe pulmonary hypertension. The + 139 ‘A’, adenine insertion variant in 5′UTR of edn1 gene has been reported to be associated with increased expressi...

    Authors: Abhishek Kumar, Minati Choudhury, Sakshi Dhingra Batra, Kriti Sikri and Anushree Gupta

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:194

    Content type: Research note

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  41. Equivocal association the contribution of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and the well-accepted role of vitamin D-binding protein (VDBP) on bioavailability of 25(OH)D or its independent roles, has led to possibl...

    Authors: Leila Setayesh, Krista Casazza, Nariman Moradi, Sanaz Mehranfar, Habib Yarizadeh, Abbas Amini, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad and Khadijeh Mirzaei

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:193

    Content type: Research note

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  42. MG-63 cells that have osteoblastic and adipogenic differentiation potential were evaluated for internalization, and adipogenic differentiation in the presence and absence of the covalently functionalized aryl ...

    Authors: Muhammad Abdulwahab, Amir Ali Khan, Sallam Hasan Abdallah, Muhammad Nasir Khan Khattak, Bizuneh Workie, Mohamed Mehdi Chehimi and Ahmed Ali Mohamed

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:192

    Content type: Research note

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  43. The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has prompted one of the most extensive and expeditious genomic sequencing efforts in history. Each viral genome is accompanied by a set of metadata which supplies important information ...

    Authors: Landen Gozashti and Russell Corbett-Detig

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:189

    Content type: Research note

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