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  1. In 2015, Georgia launched HCV elimination program. Initially, patients with advanced liver disease were treated with sofosbuvir-based regimen—the only DAA available for all genotypes. Purpose of the study was ...

    Authors: Maia Butsashvili, Lia Gvinjilia, George Kamkamidze, David Metreveli, Shorena Dvali, Tamar Rukhadze, Amiran Gamkrelidze, Muazzam Nasrullah, Shaun Shadaker, Juliette Morgan and Francisco Averhoff

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:332

    Content type: Research note

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  2. We evaluated the internal consistencies and the correlation between measures of adverse childhood experiences (ACE), bully victimization, self-esteem, resilience, and social support in children/adolescents in ...

    Authors: Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan, Olakunle Oginni, Olaniyi Arowolo and Maha El Tantawi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:331

    Content type: Research note

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  3. The objective of the research presented here was to determine whether autonomous replication sequences (ARS) discovered in the eccDNA replicon of glyphosate resistant Amaranthus palmeri enable self-replication in...

    Authors: William T. Molin, Allison Yaguchi, Mark Blenner and Christopher A. Saski

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:330

    Content type: Research note

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  4. Genome sequences are a vital resource for accelerating the biological exploration of an organism of interest. Pythium destruens (a synonym of Pythium insidiosum) causes a difficult-to-treat infectious disease cal...

    Authors: Theerapong Krajaejun, Weerayuth Kittichotirat, Preecha Patumcharoenpol, Thidarat Rujirawat, Tassanee Lohnoo and Wanta Yingyong

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:329

    Content type: Data note

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  5. To determine the presence of the 7-bp deletion c.169+50delTAAACAG in intron 2 of Superoxide Dismutase-1 gene in keratoconic patients from the State of São Paulo, Brazil, which promotes splicing variations, result...

    Authors: Alessandro Garcia Lopes, Gildásio Castello de Almeida Júnior, Ronan Marques Teixeira, Luiz Carlos de Mattos, Cinara Cássia Brandão de Mattos and Lilian Castiglioni

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:328

    Content type: Research note

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  6. This research note aimed to analyze the scientific productivity trends 2015–2019, focusing on the top 30 universities in Europe and United States and on the top 30 private companies—as classified in the SCImag...

    Authors: Mauro Giovanni Carta, Maria Francesca Moro, Iskren Kirilov, Ferdinando Romano and Silvano Tagliagambe

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:327

    Content type: Research note

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  7. This study piloted a European technical protocol for conducting chronic hepatitis C prevalence surveys in the general population. The pilot study took place in the Bulgarian city of Stara Zagora in 2018, and r...

    Authors: Ida Sperle, Stine Nielsen, Martyna Gassowski, Zlatina Naneva, Tanya Perchemlieva, Andrew Amato-Gauci, Matthias an der Heiden, Viviane Bremer, Elitsa Golkocheva-Markova, Kristiyan Hristov, Elena Kaneva, Yanita Simeonova, Tencho Tenev, Tonka Varleva, Erika Duffell and Ruth Zimmermann

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:326

    Content type: Research note

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  8. Naja ashei is a snake of medical importance in Kenya, Ethiopia, Somalia, Uganda, and Tanzania. Little is known about the enzymatic (snake venom phospholipases A2; svPLA2’s) and toxic (lethal) activities of N. ash...

    Authors: Mitchel Otieno Okumu, James Mucunu Mbaria, Joseph Kangangi Gikunju, Paul Gichohi Mbuthia, Vincent Odongo Madadi and Francis Okumu Ochola

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:325

    Content type: Research note

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  9. Hyperthyroidism is the excessive synthesis of thyroid hormones. Thyroid uptake scans and ultrasonography provide an accurate diagnosis of hyperthyroidism, especially when thyroid receptor antibody (TRAb) measu...

    Authors: Khaled Alswat, Sara Ahmad Assiri, Raad M. M. Althaqafi, Atheer Alsufyani, Abaad Althagafi, Sara Alrebaiee and Najd Alsukhayri

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:324

    Content type: Research note

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  10. This study aimed to clarify the factors of successful inter-agency collaboration that affect multidisciplinary workers’ abilities to identify child maltreatment. A questionnaire-based survey was conducted; the...

    Authors: Ayumi Okato, Tasuku Hashimoto, Mami Tanaka, Naoki Saito, Mamiko Endo, Jun Okayama, Akiko Ichihara, Saki Eshima, Satoshi Handa, Masayoshi Senda, Yasunori Sato, Hiroyuki Watanabe, Michiko Nakazato and Masaomi Iyo

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:323

    Content type: Research note

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  11. Infection with the bacteria Helicobacter pylori has been classified as class one carcinogen associated with increasing susceptibility of gastritis and gastric carcinoma. This study is aiming at investigating the ...

    Authors: Aziza K. Mohamed, Nazik M. Elhassan, Zahra A. Awhag, Fadwa S. Ali, Eman T. Ali, Najwa A. Mhmoud, Emmanuel E. Siddig, Rowa Hassan, Eiman S. Ahmed, Azam Fattahi, Ayman Ahmed, Mohamed S. Muneer, Hussam A. Osman, Nouh S. Mohamed and Ali M. M. Edris

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:322

    Content type: Research note

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  12. Palladin is a ubiquitous phosphoprotein expressed in vertebrate cells that works as a scaffolding protein. Several isoforms deriving from alternative splicing are originated from the palladin gene and involved...

    Authors: Boimpoundi Eunice Flavie Ouali, Tzu-Yu Liu, Chun-Yen Lu, Pei-Yuan Cheng, Chao-Li Huang, Chun-Chun Li, Yu-Chung Chiang and Hao-Ven Wang

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:321

    Content type: Research note

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  13. Spiroplasma citri is a bacterium with a wide host range and is the causal agent of citrus stubborn and brittle root diseases of citrus and horseradish, respectively. S. citri is transmitted in a circulative, pers...

    Authors: Raymond Yokomi, Rachel Rattner, Fatima Osman, Yogita Maheshwari, Vijayanandraj Selvaraj, Deborah Pagliaccia, Jianchi Chen and Georgios Vidalakis

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:320

    Content type: Data note

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  14. This study was designed for the characterization and establishment of antibiotic susceptibility profiles of non-fermentative gram negative bacteria isolated from hospitalized patients in a tertiary care hospit...

    Authors: Santosh Kumar Yadav, Rajshree Bhujel, Shyam Kumar Mishra, Sangita Sharma and Jeevan Bahadur Sherchand

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:319

    Content type: Research note

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  15. Mutualism between endogenous viruses and eukaryotes is still poorly understood. Several endogenous double-stranded polydnaviruses, bracoviruses, homologous to those present in parasitic braconid wasp genomes w...

    Authors: Kelvin M. Kimenyi, Muna F. Abry, Winnie Okeyo, Enock Matovu, Daniel Masiga and Benard W. Kulohoma

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:318

    Content type: Research note

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  16. IL-17A G197A and IL-17F A7488G polymorphisms has been identified to be associated with the susceptibility to many diseases. This study aimed to investigate the frequency distribution of IL-17A G197A and IL-17F A7...

    Authors: Nouh S. Mohamed, Emmanuel E. Siddig, Abdallah E. Ahmed, Musab M. A. Albsheer, Hanadi Abdelbagi, Eman T. Ali, Anadel A. Alsubki, Sabah A. Abdalaziz, Madinna Mustafa, Mohamed S. Muneer, Hussam A. Osman, Maha M. Osman, Mohamed S. Ali, Ali M. M. Edris, Ayman Ahmed and Rihab A. Omer

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:317

    Content type: Research note

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  17. CD4 T lymphocytes are the most widely used cellular markers to assess the course of HIV infection, clinical staging and, monitoring the effect of antiretroviral therapy. The regional reference range for Easter...

    Authors: Shravan Kumar Mishra, Lilee Shrestha, Roshan Pandit, Sundar Khadka, Bimal Shrestha, Subhash Dhital, Saroj Sharma, Mukunda Sharma, Raj Kumar Mahato, Geeta Shakya and Krishna Das Manandhar

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:316

    Content type: Research note

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  18. Understanding the mechanisms of cataract formation is important for age-related and hereditary cataracts caused by mutations in lens protein genes. Lens proteins of the crystallin gene families α-, β-, and γ-c...

    Authors: Usha P. Andley, Brittney N. Naumann, Paul D. Hamilton and Stephanie L. Bozeman

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:315

    Content type: Research note

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  19. Seventeen years after the start of the IBAARV (Beninese initiative for access to antiretrovirals), transmitted drug resistance mutations in ARV-naïve patients and HIV-1 genetic diversity were investigated in B...

    Authors: Edmond Tchiakpe, Rene K. Keke, Nicole Vidal, Clément Ahoussinou, Olga Sekpe, Hermione G. Dagba, Eric Gbaguidi, Conrad Tonoukouen, Aldric Afangnihoun, Moussa Bachabi, Flore A. Gangbo, Halimatou Diop-Ndiaye and Coumba Toure-Kane

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:314

    Content type: Research note

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  20. The aim of this study was to describe return to work determinants in patients with haematological malignancy.

    Authors: Bénédicte Clin, Natacha Heutte, Mathilde Boulanger, Xavier Troussard, Edouard Cornet, Ghandi Laurent Damaj, Véronique Bouvier, Anne-Valérie Guizard, Guy Launoy and Idlir Licaj

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:313

    Content type: Research note

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  21. Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) involves both community-acquired and nosocomial infections. It is responsible for a wide variety of infections, including infections of the urinary tract, pneumonia, bacterem...

    Authors: Aalaa Mahgoub Albasha, Esraa hassan Osman, Saga Abd-Alhalim, Elianz F. Alshaib, Leena Al-Hassan and Hisham N. Altayb

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:312

    Content type: Research note

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  22. Plasma, but also urine sample could represent a simple liquid biopsy for ovarian cancer biomarker detection. The miRNA-200 family has been shown to be dysregulated in ovarian cancer. The aim of this study was ...

    Authors: Kalle Savolainen, Mauro Scaravilli, Antti Ilvesmäki, Synnöve Staff, Teemu Tolonen, Johanna U. Mäenpää, Tapio Visakorpi and Annika Auranen

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:311

    Content type: Research note

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  23. To investigate the descriptive nature of objectively-measured, free-living sleep quantity and quality, and the relationship to adiposity, in a rural African setting in 145 adults (≥ 40 years, female: n = 104, ...

    Authors: Ian Cook, Matlawa Mohlabe and Marianne Alberts

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:310

    Content type: Research note

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  24. The Community Informant Detection Tool (CIDT) is a paper-based proactive case detection strategy with evidence for improving help-seeking behavior for mental healthcare. Key implementation barriers for the pap...

    Authors: Anvita Bhardwaj, Prasansa Subba, Sauharda Rai, Chaya Bhat, Renasha Ghimire, Mark J. D. Jordans, Eric Green, Lavanya Vasudevan and Brandon A. Kohrt

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:309

    Content type: Research note

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  25. High prevalence of chronic ulcers and the burden of disease necessitate the increasingly significant production of new recombinant proteins in the world. The angiopoietin-1 enzyme is a part of the growth facto...

    Authors: Hamzeh Alipour, Marziae Shahriari-Namadi, Saeedeh Ebrahimi and Mohammad D. Moemenbellah-Fard

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:308

    Content type: Research note

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  26. Measuring handgrip strength is a useful method to evaluate sarcopenia. No study has shown the trends of handgrip strength to weight ratio among Korean adolescents by year. This study aimed to determine the tre...

    Authors: Yunkoo Kang, Jieun Kim, Seung Kim, Sowon Park, Hyunjung Lim and Hong Koh

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:307

    Content type: Research note

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  27. This secondary data analysis examined associations among perceived neighborhood environmental factors, physical activity (PA), and the presence of metabolic syndrome (MS) in Mexican–American (MA) adults. Seven...

    Authors: Rodney P. Joseph and Sonia Vega-López

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:306

    Content type: Research note

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  28. Poultry is commonly considered to be the primary vehicle for Campylobacter infection in humans. The aim of this study is to assess the risk of Campylobacteriosis in chicken meat consumers in southern Benin by ...

    Authors: Sylvain Daton Kouglenou, Alidehou Jerrold Agbankpe, Victorien Dougnon, Armando Djiyou Djeuda, Esther Deguenon, Marie Hidjo, Lamine Baba-Moussa and Honore Bankole

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:305

    Content type: Research note

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  29. Screening inventories are important tools in clinical settings and research but may be sensitive to temporary fluctuations. Therefore, we revisited data from a longitudinal study with the Lund University Check...

    Authors: Roger Persson and Kai Österberg

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:304

    Content type: Research note

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  30. Preterm infants are exposed earlier than their term counterparts to unattenuated sounds from the external environment during the sensitive period of the organization of the auditory cortical circuitry. In the ...

    Authors: Hannalice Gottschalck Cavalcanti, Aryelly Dayane da Silva Nunes, Brenda Karla Silva da Cunha, Kátia de Freitas Alvarenga, Sheila Andreoli Balen and Antonio Pereira Jr.

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:303

    Content type: Research note

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  31. IL17 is a critical pro-inflammatory cytokine that is involved in inflammation, multidrug resistance and growth persistence pathways in cancer. This study is aiming at studying the expression of IL17 and hormon...

    Authors: Eman Taha Ali, Mai Abdulrahman Mohammed Masri, Emmanuel Edwar Siddig, Ayman Ahmed, Mohamed S. Muneer, Nouh Saad Mohamed and Ali Mahmoud Mohammed Edris

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:300

    Content type: Research note

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  32. In Para-cycling competitions, cyclists with amputation of one-leg and no prosthesis, i.e., Division Cycle, Sport Class C2, perform pedaling movement on bicycle by unilateral leg. The purpose of this study was ...

    Authors: Kohei Watanabe, Yuta Yamaguchi, Wataru Fukuda, Sho Nakazawa, Taishi Kenjo and Tetsunari Nishiyama

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:299

    Content type: Research note

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  33. The study was carried out with the aim to find out the frequency of Glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency among the patients attending the hospital and to rationalize the qualitative methemoglobi...

    Authors: Uday Sharma, Satyendra Mishra, Narayan Gautam and Badri Kumar Gupta

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:298

    Content type: Research note

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  34. This study examined the relationship between leg bone length and sprint performance in sprinters. The leg bone lengths in 28 100-m specialized sprinters and 28 400-m specialized sprinters were measured using m...

    Authors: Daichi Tomita, Tadashi Suga, Masafumi Terada, Takahiro Tanaka, Yuto Miyake, Hiromasa Ueno, Mitsuo Otsuka, Akinori Nagano and Tadao Isaka

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:297

    Content type: Research note

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  35. Most eukaryotic cells contain microtubule filaments, which play central roles in intra-cellular organization. However, microtubule networks have a wide variety of architectures from one cell type and organism ...

    Authors: Arthur T. Molines, Virginie Stoppin-Mellet, Isabelle Arnal and Frédéric M. Coquelle

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:296

    Content type: Research note

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  36. Prostate cancer (PC) is common cancer worldwide. Several markers have been developed to differentiate between benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) from PC. A descriptive retrospective hospital-based study aimed ...

    Authors: Eiman Siddig Ahmed, Lubna S. Elnour, Rowa Hassan, Emmanuel E. Siddig, Mintu Elsa Chacko, Eman T. Ali, Mona A. Mohamed, Abdalla Munir, Mohamed S. Muneer, Nouh S. Mohamed and Ali M. M. Edris

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:295

    Content type: Research note

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  37. β2 microglobulin, as a biomarker, is used for the diagnosis of oral malignant and pre-malignant lesions. The components of the microglobulin system can directly or indirectly help grow and develop tumors. The ...

    Authors: Fatemeh Nosratzehi, Tahereh Nosratzehi, Ebrahim Alijani and Soha Saberi Rad

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:294

    Content type: Research note

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  38. The assessment of clinical efficacy and toxicity is very important in pharmacology and toxicology. The effects of psychostimulants (e.g. amphetamine), psychotomimetics (e.g. Cannabis sativus) and snake antiven...

    Authors: Saganuwan Alhaji Saganuwan

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:292

    Content type: Research note

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  39. Mouse models have delivered variable recapitulation of Kyasanur Forest disease (KFD) pathology and consistently demonstrated neurological involvement which may be a limited feature of human disease. With the p...

    Authors: A. M. Nikiforuk, K. Tierny, T. A. Cutts, D. K. Kobasa, S. S. Theriault and B. W. M. Cook

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:291

    Content type: Data note

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  40. Chalcones (1, 3-diaryl-2-propen-1-ones) and their derivatives are widely explored from the past decade for its antimalarial activity. To elucidate their mechanism of action on the malaria parasite, the ultrast...

    Authors: Shweta Sinha, B. D. Radotra, Bikash Medhi, Daniela I. Batovska, Nadezhda Markova and Rakesh Sehgal

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:290

    Content type: Research note

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  41. In the present study, we sought to investigate the association between red cell distribution width (RDW) and stroke severity and outcome in patients who underwent anti-thrombolytic therapy with tissue plasmino...

    Authors: Kavous Shahsavarinia, Younes Ghavam Laleh, Payman Moharramzadeh, Mahboob Pouraghaei, Elyar Sadeghi-Hokmabadi, Fatemeh Seifar, Farid Hajibonabi, Zhila Khamnian, Mehdi Farhoudi and Sara Mafi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:288

    Content type: Research note

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  42. Effect of bilateral, optic neuropathy on the function of retinal pigment epithelium has not been investigated extensively to date. This study aimed to determine the effect of bilateral, optic neuropathy on lig...

    Authors: Padmini Dahanayake, Tharaka L. Dassanayake, Manoji Pathirage, Saman Senanayake, Mike Sedgwick and Vajira Weerasinghe

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:287

    Content type: Research note

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  43. This study aims to assess the relationship between Food and Nutrition Literacy (FNLIT) and dietary diversity score (DDS); FNLIT and nutrient adequacy (NAR%, MAR%) in school-age children in Iran.

    Authors: Azam Doustmohammadian, Nasrin Omidvar, Nastaran Keshavarz-Mohammadi, Hassan Eini-Zinab, Maryam Amini, Morteza Abdollahi, Zeinab Amirhamidi and Homa Haidari

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:286

    Content type: Research note

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  44. Musculoskeletal pain is often caused by injury to the bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments or nerves. Symptoms can be localized or generalized. Mild-moderate symptoms are treated with topical/oral over the count...

    Authors: Hoan Linh Banh and Andrew Cave

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:285

    Content type: Research note

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  45. Adenosine has an analgesic and anti-inflammatory role and its injections are used for perioperative pain management. We aimed to study efficacy of intrathecal injection of adenosine for post-operative radicula...

    Authors: Dawood Aghamohammadi, Mahmood Eydi, Alireza Pishgahi, Azam Esmaeilinejad and Neda Dolatkhah

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:284

    Content type: Research note

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  46. The influence of physical activity (PA) on the immune system has emerged as a new field of research. Regular PA may promote an anti-inflammatory state in the body, thus contributing to the down-regulation of p...

    Authors: Karina Standahl Olsen, Marko Lukic and Kristin Benjaminsen Borch

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:283

    Content type: Research note

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