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  1. Sperm ageing has major evolutionary implications but has received comparatively little attention. Ageing in sperm and other cells is driven largely by oxidative damage from reactive oxygen species (ROS) genera...

    Authors: Biz R. Turnell, Luisa Kumpitsch, Anne-Cécile Ribou and Klaus Reinhardt

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:131

    Content type: Research note

    Published on:

  2. An understanding of the trajectory and norm of development in children is needed in order to understand the concept of the spectrum in the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Children’s developmental ...

    Authors: For-Wey Lung and Bih-Ching Shu

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:130

    Content type: Research note

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  3. The present simulation study aimed to assess positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) for our newly introduced Accounting for Expected Adjusted Effect test (AEAE test) and compare it...

    Authors: Kimmo Sorjonen, Gustav Nilsonne, Bo Melin and Michael Ingre

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:129

    Content type: Research note

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  4. In this study, the performance of a commercially available malaria LAMP assay (Alethia® Malaria Plus LAMP) was evaluated using retrospective clinical samples obtained from travelers returning to the United Sta...

    Authors: Dragan Ljolje, Rispah Abdallah and Naomi W. Lucchi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:128

    Content type: Research note

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  5. Transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) is an excitatory ion channel expressed on a subset of sensory neurons. TRPA1 is activated by a host of noxious stimuli including pollutants, irritants, oxidative ...

    Authors: Parmvir K. Bahia and Thomas E. Taylor-Clark

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:127

    Content type: Research note

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  6. The current experiment aimed to assess the impact of detergents such as 3% Triton X-100, 1% peracetic acid, 1% Tween-20, and 1% SDS in combination with Trypsin–EDTA on acellularization of ovine aortae after 7 ...

    Authors: Morteza Heidarzadeh, Reza Rahbarghazi, Shirin Saberianpour, Aref Delkhosh, Hassan Amini, Emel Sokullu and Mehdi Hassanpour

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:126

    Content type: Research note

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  7. Family-based multi-component weight management programmes are recommended for adolescents with obesity in England and Wales, however, these programmes suffer from poor uptake and high attrition rates. This stu...

    Authors: Helen M. Jones, Oyinlola Oyebode, G. J. Melendez-Torres and Lena Al-Khudairy

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:125

    Content type: Research note

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  8. Currently, next generation sequencing (NGS) is widely used to decode potential novel or variant pathogens both in emergent outbreaks and in routine clinical practice. However, the efficient identification of n...

    Authors: Gary Xie and Jeanne M. Fair

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:122

    Content type: Research note

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  9. This article has been retracted. Please see the Retraction Notice for more detail: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-021-05537-4

    Authors: Jayaweera Arachchige Asela Sampath Jayaweera and Anpalaham Joseph

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:121

    Content type: Retraction Note

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Research Notes 2018 11:474

  10. The Sumatran rhinoceros is critically endangered, with fewer than 100 individuals surviving across its current range. Accurate census estimates of the remaining populations are essential for development and im...

    Authors: Jessica R. Brandt, Sinta H. Saidah, Kai Zhao, Yasuko Ishida, Isabella Apriyana, Oliver A. Ryder, Widodo Ramono, Herawati Sudoyo, Helena Suryadi, Peter J. Van Coeverden de Groot and Alfred L. Roca

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:119

    Content type: Research note

    Published on:

  11. The research aimed to determine the prevalence and associated factors of uncontrolled hyperlipidemia among Thai patients with the disease and Clinical ASCVD.

    Authors: Teeraboon Lertwanichwattana, Ram Rangsin and Boonsub Sakboonyarat

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:118

    Content type: Research note

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  12. Agarwood is the aromatic heartwood formed upon wounding of Aquilaria trees either naturally formed due to physical wound sustained from natural phenomena followed by microbial infection, or artificially induced u...

    Authors: Farah Adibah Abdul Kadir, Kamalrul Azlan Azizan and Roohaida Othman

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:117

    Content type: Data note

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  13. Different studies with adolescents address the difficulty they have to adhere to oral dental treatments. Therefore, better understanding the processes involved in adherence to treatment in this population is n...

    Authors: Jaqueline Vilela Bulgareli, Karine Laura Cortellazzi, Luciane Miranda Guerra, Gláucia Maria Bovi Ambrosano, Armando Koichiro Kaieda, Inara Pereira da Cunha, Fabiana de Lima Vazquez and Antonio Carlos Pereira

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:116

    Content type: Research note

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  14. CD4 Lymphocyte Count (CD4) is a major predictor of HIV progression to AIDS. Exploring the factors affecting CD4 levels may assist healthcare staff and patients in management and monitoring of health cares. Thi...

    Authors: Maryam Farhadian, Younes Mohammadi, Mohammad Mirzaei and Nasrin Shirmohammadi-Khorram

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:114

    Content type: Research note

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  15. Diversion of less urgent emergency medical services (EMS) callers to alternative primary care (PC) is much debated. Using data from the EMACROSS survey of respiratory ED patients, we aimed to characterize self...

    Authors: Felix Holzinger, Sarah Oslislo, Rebecca Resendiz Cantu, Martin Möckel and Christoph Heintze

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:113

    Content type: Research note

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  16. Microbes can contaminate foodstuffs resulting in foodborne illnesses. Investigating microbial hazards in foods at the point of sale with rapid tools is required to avoid foodborne illness outbreaks. The curren...

    Authors: Dalia F. Khater, Radwa A. Lela, Mohamed El-Diasty, Shawky A. Moustafa and Gamal Wareth

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:112

    Content type: Research note

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  17. Intellectual Disability (ID) represents a neuropsychiatric disorder, which its etiopathogenesis remains insufficiently understood. Mutations in the Aristaless Related Homeobox gene (ARX) have been identified to c...

    Authors: Yousra Benmakhlouf, Renaud Touraine, Ines Harzallah, Zeineb Zian, Kaoutar Ben Makhlouf, Amina Barakat, Naima Ghailani Nourouti and Mohcine Bennani Mechita

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:110

    Content type: Research note

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  18. Human T cell leukemia virus-1 (HTLV-1) infection may lead to one or both diseases including HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) or adult T cell leukemia lymphoma (ATLL). The com...

    Authors: Mohadeseh Zarei-Ghobadi, Mohsen Sheikhi, Majid Teymoori-Rad, Sahar Yaslianifard, Mehdi Norouzi, Somayeh Yaslianifard, Reza Faraji, Mohammad Farahmand, Shiva Bayat, Mohieddin Jafari and Sayed-Hamidreza Mozhgani

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:109

    Content type: Research note

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  19. The emergence of colistin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae from human and animal sources is one of the major public health concerns as colistin is the last-resort antibiotic for treating infections caused by multidru...

    Authors: Kayhan Ilbeigi, Mahdi Askari Badouei, Hossein Vaezi, Hassan Zaheri, Sina Aghasharif and Khatereh Kafshdouzan

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:107

    Content type: Research note

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  20. Silica gel beads have promise as a non-toxic, cost-effective, portable method for storing environmental DNA (eDNA) immobilized on filter membranes. Consequently, many ecological surveys are turning to silica b...

    Authors: Michael J. Allison, Jessica M. Round, Lauren C. Bergman, Ali Mirabzadeh, Heather Allen, Aron Weir and Caren C. Helbing

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:106

    Content type: Research note

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  21. The major objective of the study was to sequence the whole genome of four Bangladeshi individuals and identify variants that are known to be associated with functional changes or disease states. We also carrie...

    Authors: Salim Khan, Shahina Akter, Barna Goswami, Ahashan Habib, Tanjina Akhtar Banu, Carl Barton, Eshrar Osman, Samiruzzaman Samir, Farida Arjuman, Saam Hasan and Maqsud Hossain

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:105

    Content type: Research note

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  22. Field interventions employed to improve preventive health behaviors and outcomes generally use well-established approaches; however, recent studies have reported that health education and promotional intervent...

    Authors: Mazbahul G. Ahamad and Fahian Tanin

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:103

    Content type: Research note

    Published on:

  23. Diabetes mellitus is a chronic illness that requires ongoing patient self-management and support to prevent acute complications and to reduce the risk of long- term complications. The objective of the study wa...

    Authors: Rahel Nega Kassa, Ibrahim Yimer Ibrahim, Hana Abera Hailemariam and Mekdes Hailegebriel Habte

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:102

    Content type: Research note

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  24. To determine the correlation between anthropometric indices and the selected hemodynamic parameters among secondary adolescents aged 12–17 years.

    Authors: Godfrey Katamba, Abdul Musasizi, Mivule Abdul Kinene, Agnes Namaganda and Francis Muzaale

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:101

    Content type: Research note

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  25. This study evaluated the effect of an after-school group-based medium-intensity multicomponent behavioural intervention programme for children aged 8–12 years classified as overweight, obese or at risk for ove...

    Authors: Gitte C. Kloek, Martien W. A. Jongert and Sanne I. de Vries

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:100

    Content type: Research note

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  26. It is widely acknowledged that recruitment to randomised controlled trials (RCTs) is challenging, particularly trials that operate across multiple sites. A research area in need of further high-quality evaluat...

    Authors: Georgina Warner, Fatumo Osman, Serena McDiarmid and Anna Sarkadi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:99

    Content type: Research note

    Published on:

  27. In contrast to childhood obesity, studies involving thin children are much fewer, especially in developed countries. Furthermore, most reports do not address the impact of childhood thinness on height velocity...

    Authors: Hassib Narchi, Afaf Alblooshi, Maisoon Altunaiji, Nawal Alali, Latifa Alshehhi, Huda Alshehhi, Asma Almazrouei, Ahmed R. Alsuwaidi and Abdul-Kader Souid

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:98

    Content type: Research note

    Published on:

  28. Environmental surfaces may serve as potential reservoirs for nosocomial pathogens and facilitate transmissions via contact depending on its tenacity. This study provides data on survival kinetics of the most i...

    Authors: Ruth Hanna Katzenberger, Anja Rösel and Ralf-Peter Vonberg

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:97

    Content type: Research note

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  29. The Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is one of the zoonotic coronaviruses [Hemida Peer J 7:e7556, 2019; Hemida et al. One Health 8:100102, 2019]. The dromedary camels remained the only k...

    Authors: Maged Gomaa Hemida, Mohammed Alhammadi, Faisal Almathen and Abdelmohsen Alnaeem

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:96

    Content type: Research note

    Published on:

  30. Lymphocytes express tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), the rate-limiting enzyme for the synthesis of dopamine, norepinephrine and epinephrine. This suggests a broader role for cathecholamines in lymphocyte function, a...

    Authors: R. Gomez-Flores, I. Gutierrez-Leal, D. Caballero-Hernández, A. Orozco-Flores, P. Tamez-Guerra, R. Tamez-Guerra and C. Rodríguez-Padilla

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:94

    Content type: Research note

    Published on:

  31. The objectives of this study were to investigate the antifungal susceptibility and genetic diversity of Candida albicans isolated from HIV+ patients with oropharyngeal candidiasis. A total of 50 C. albicans isola...

    Authors: Iradj Ashrafi Tamai, Babak Pakbin and Bahar Nayeri Fasaei

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:93

    Content type: Research note

    Published on:

  32. In 2018, we conducted a retrospective survey using the medical records of 484 patients with type 2 diabetes. The observed value of coronary heart disease (CHD) incidence after 5 years and the predicted value b...

    Authors: Yasunari Yamashita, Rina Kitajima, Kiyoshi Matsubara, Gaku Inoue and Hajime Matsubara

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:92

    Content type: Research note

    Published on:

  33. Gastric cancer (GC) is a multifactorial disease and the fifth most frequent diagnosed cancer worldwide. It accounts for one third of cancer-related mortalities. Geospatial analysis using geographical informati...

    Authors: Fatemeh Hashemi Amin, Mahtab Ghaemi, Sayyed Mostafa Mostafavi, Ladan Goshayeshi, Khadijeh Rezaei, Mehdi Vahed and Behzad Kiani

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:91

    Content type: Data note

    Published on:

  34. Prompt diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection is essential for proper treatment and eradication of the pathogen because prolonged infection could lead to gastric cancer. Sensitive and cost effective diagnosti...

    Authors: A. Ajayi, T. Jolaiya and S. I. Smith

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:90

    Content type: Research note

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  35. Tuberculosis (TB) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality globally. Despite efforts to eliminate TB in Thailand, the incidence rate has declined slowly. This study aimed to identify the incidence and risk ...

    Authors: Sakarn Charoensakulchai, Chaiyapun Lertpheantum, Chanapon Aksornpusitpong, Peeranut Trakulsuk, Boonsub Sakboonyarat, Ram Rangsin, Mathirut Mungthin and Phunlerd Piyaraj

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:89

    Content type: Research note

    Published on:

  36. Nosocomial infections (NIs) are known as one of the remarkable problems in all countries. This study is aimed to estimate the prevalence rate of nosocomial bacterial agents with antimicrobial susceptibility pa...

    Authors: Hamid Sadeghi, Saeideh Gholamzadeh Khoei, Mehdi Bakht, Mohammad Rostamani, Sara Rahimi, Mehdi Ghaemi and Bahman Mirzaei

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:88

    Content type: Research note

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  37. The most common histopathologic malignant and benign nodules are Adenocarcinoma and Granuloma, respectively, which have different standards of care. In this paper, we propose an automatic framework for the dia...

    Authors: Mahsa Bank Tavakoli, Mahdi Orooji, Mehdi Teimouri and Ramita Shahabifar

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:87

    Content type: Research note

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  38. To assess the appropriateness of the statistical methodology used in a recent meta-analysis investigating the effect of maternity waiting homes (MWHs) on perinatal mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa.

    Authors: Jaameeta Kurji, Kristy Hackett, Kayli Wild and Zohra Lassi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:86

    Content type: Research note

    Published on:

  39. Communities are important settings for health promotion and prevention. The community readiness assessment offers a structured approach to assess resources and opportunities to tackle a health problem within a...

    Authors: Saskia Muellmann, Tilman Brand, Dorothee Jürgens, Dirk Gansefort and Hajo Zeeb

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:85

    Content type: Research note

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  40. The purpose of this study was to compare the charges and payments associated with bone marrow aspiration and biopsies performed by hematology/oncology specialists versus interventional radiology specialists at...

    Authors: Nancy W. Bethuel, Eric Bravin, Nicole Krupa, Paul Jenkins, Melissa Scribani and Anne Gadomski

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:84

    Content type: Research note

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  41. The nosocomial pathogen, Acinetobacter baumannii, has acquired clinical significance due to its ability to persist in hospital settings and survive antibiotic treatment, which eventually resulted in the rapid spr...

    Authors: Kah Ern Ten, Muhammad Zarul Hanifah Md Zoqratt, Qasim Ayub and Hock Siew Tan

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:83

    Content type: Research note

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  42. Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most frequent life-threatening gastrointestinal disease experienced by premature infants in neonatal intensive care units all over the world. The objective of the present...

    Authors: Éric Tremblay, Emanuela Ferretti, Corentin Babakissa, Karolina Maria Burghardt, Emile Levy and Jean-François Beaulieu

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:82

    Content type: Research note

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