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  1. Restriction-Modification (R-M) systems are ubiquitous in bacteria and were considered for years as rudimentary immune systems that protect bacterial cells from foreign DNA. Currently, these R-M systems are rec...

    Authors: Samantha E. Randall, Maria Carla Martini, Ying Zhou, Samantha R. Joubran and Scarlet S. Shell

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:462

    Content type: Research note

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  2. Rodents play an important role to spread zoonotic diseases through society. The current study was carried out to collect informative data on the intestinal helminthic infections of wild rodents in Taleqan Coun...

    Authors: Sina Mohtasebi, Aref Teimouri, Iraj Mobedi, Alireza Mohtasebi, Hamed Abbasian and Mohammad Javad Abbaszadeh Afshar

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:461

    Content type: Research note

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  3. The exact aetiology of multiple sclerosis (MS) remains elusive, although several environmental and genetic risk factors have been implicated to varying degrees. Among the environmental risk factors, viral infe...

    Authors: Elie Deeba, Anastasia Lambrianides, Marios Pantzaris, George Krashias and Christina Christodoulou

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:460

    Content type: Research note

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  4. Prophylactic supplementation of psyllium husk is recommended to enhance passage of ingested sand from the gastrointestinal tracts of horses. We hypothesized that psyllium supplementation would increase fecal s...

    Authors: Michael J. Mienaltowski, Ashley Belt, John D. Henderson, Tannah N. Boyd, Nicole Marter, Elizabeth A. Maga and Edward J. DePeters

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:459

    Content type: Research note

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  5. Little is known about hepatitis A virus (HAV) prevalence in indigenous communities. This study aims to evaluate the prevalence of HAV in indigenous community compared to urban population located at Western Ama...

    Authors: Vanessa Salete de Paula, Flavio Augusto Pádua Milagres, Guilherme de Macêdo Oliveira, Juliana Custódio Miguel, Helena Medina Cruz, Leticia de Paula Scalioni, Vanessa Alves Marques, Monica de Avelar Figueiredo Mafra Magalhães, Anselmo Rocha Romão, Renata Gracie and Livia Melo Villar

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:458

    Content type: Research note

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  6. Due to the allergic nature of the pollen of Cryptomeria japonica, the most important Japanese forestry conifer, a pollen-free cultivar is preferred. Mutant trees detected in nature have been used to produce a pol...

    Authors: Yoichi Hasegawa, Saneyoshi Ueno, Fu-Jin Wei, Asako Matsumoto, Tokuko Ujino-Ihara, Kentaro Uchiyama, Yoshinari Moriguchi, Masahiro Kasahara, Takeshi Fujino, Shuji Shigenobu, Katsushi Yamaguchi, Takahiro Bino and Tetsuji Hakamata

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:457

    Content type: Research note

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  7. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Zahra Yari, Makan Cheraghpour, Vahideh Aghamohammadi, Meysam Alipour, Nila Ghanei and Azita Hekmatdoost

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:456

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Research Notes 2020 13:221

  8. Lyme disease is a tick-borne, multisystemic disease caused by Borrelia burgdorferi. Standard treatments for early Lyme disease include short courses of oral antibiotics but relapses often occur after discontinuat...

    Authors: Richard I. Horowitz, Krithika Murali, Gauri Gaur, Phyllis R. Freeman and Eva Sapi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:455

    Content type: Research note

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  9. Endometriosis is a common and painful condition characterised by the formation of endometrial lesions within the peritoneal cavity. Previous studies have suggested a role for hedgehog signalling in the pathoge...

    Authors: F. L. Cousins, J. K. Farley, R. Kerrigan, S. Mukherjee, S. Darzi, C. E. Gargett and J. A. Deane

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:454

    Content type: Research note

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  10. The data presented herein represents the simulated datasets of a recently conducted larger study which investigated the behaviour of Bayesian indices of significance and effect size as alternatives to traditio...

    Authors: Riko Kelter

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:452

    Content type: Data note

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  11. The purpose of this study was to explore whether plant programmed cell death (PCD) cascade can sense the presence of the animal-only BH3 protein Bid, a BCL-2 family protein known to play a regulatory role in t...

    Authors: Anna Manara, Zahra Imanifard, Linda Fracasso, Diana Bellin and Massimo Crimi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:450

    Content type: Research note

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  12. Parents have a key role regarding young people’s access to sexual and reproductive health services, thus their perceptions go a long way towards promoting or discouraging young people from using such services....

    Authors: Cartrine Nancy Anyango, Faustine Kyungu Nkulu Kalengayi, Isabel Goicolea and Ida Linander

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:449

    Content type: Research note

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  13. We aim to measure dietary inflammatory index (DII) and its association with functional status, pain intensity and quality of life (QOL) in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Dietary information from 220 ...

    Authors: Vahideh Toopchizadeh, Neda Dolatkhah, Dawood Aghamohammadi, Mahrokh Rasouli and Maryam Hashemian

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:448

    Content type: Research note

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  14. Good quality microscopy is critical for accurate detection and confirmation of malaria parasite infections. Microscopy relies on the skills of technicians to prepare and read slides, high quality reagents, and...

    Authors: Akili K. Kalinga, Saidi Mgata, Reginald A. Kavishe, Lucas Mahikwano, Lucky Temu, Christopher Mswanya, Charles Mwanziva, George Amoo, Edwin Kamau, Brian Vesely and Deus S. Ishengoma

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:447

    Content type: Research note

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  15. The demand for cheese, the insufficient supply and high cost of rennet, and the ethical issues of harvesting rennet oblige us to search for suitable alternatives of finding new proteases from plants. Ficus palmat...

    Authors: Desta Berhe Sbhatu, Hailekiros Tadesse Tekle and Kiros Haddish Tesfamariam

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:446

    Content type: Research note

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  16. Owing to the overwhelming dominance of human and commensal microbe sequences, low efficiency is a major concern in clinical viral sequencing using next-generation sequencing. DNA composed of 7-deaza-2′-deoxygu...

    Authors: Peng Peng, Yanjuan Xu, Adrian M. Di Bisceglie and Xiaofeng Fan

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:445

    Content type: Research note

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  17. We designed and tested a Nanopore sequencing panel for direct tuberculosis drug resistance profiling. The panel targeted 10 resistance-associated loci. We assessed the feasibility of amplifying and sequencing ...

    Authors: Wai Sing Chan, Chun Hang Au, Yvonne Chung, Henry Chi Ming Leung, Dona N. Ho, Elaine Yue Ling Wong, Tak Wah Lam, Tsun Leung Chan, Edmond Shiu Kwan Ma and Bone Siu Fai Tang

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:444

    Content type: Research note

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  18. This study aimed to show that ingesting egg white hydrolyzate (EWH) could improve antioxidant capacity and reduce mental fatigue. Two clinical trials were conducted to examine the antioxidant capacity and the ...

    Authors: Mariko Oe, Hisae Sakamoto, Hiroshi Nishiyama, Ryou Sasahara, Yasunobu Masuda, Mizuho Adachi and Tetsunari Nishiyama

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:443

    Content type: Research note

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  19. Maranhão State—Northeast Brazil–has the world’s highest incidence of penile cancer. This study describes the epidemiological, histopathological and clinical profile of patients stricken across that Brazilian s...

    Authors: Ciro Bezerra Vieira, Antonio Teixeira-Júnior, Laisson Feitoza, Jaqueline Pinho, José Calixto, Francisco Sérgio Moura Silva do Nascimento, Marcos Adriano Garcia Campos, Joyce Lages, Antonio Machado Alencar Junior, Fernando Soares, Isabela Cunha and Gyl Eanes Barros Silva

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:442

    Content type: Data note

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  20. Regulation of gene expression during embryo development on the basis of migration of primordial germ cells (PGCs) in vivo has been rarely studied due to limited cell number and the necessity to isolate PGCs fr...

    Authors: Aleksandra Dunislawska, Agata Szczerba, Maria Siwek and Marek Bednarczyk

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:441

    Content type: Research note

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  21. Phytohormones are small signaling molecules with crucial roles in plant growth, development, and environmental adaptation to biotic and abiotic stress responses. Despite several previously published molecular ...

    Authors: Junesung Lee, Jae-Young Nam, Hakgi Jang, Nayoung Kim, Yong-Min Kim, Won-Hee Kang and Seon-In Yeom

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:440

    Content type: Data note

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  22. Patients with end-stage heart failure (ESHF) treated with ventricular assist devices (VADs) tend to gain weight after implantation, which is associated with higher complication rates and is a contraindication ...

    Authors: Adrian daSilva-deAbreu, Kiran Garikapati, Bader Aldeen Alhafez, Sapna Desai, Clement Eiswirth, Selim Krim, Hamang Patel, Carl J. Lavie, Hector O. Ventura, Juan Francisco Loro-Ferrer and Stacy A. Mandras

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:439

    Content type: Data note

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  23. GLUT2 is a major facilitative glucose transporter, expressed from the SLC2A2 gene, with essential roles in the liver. Recent work in mice has shown that preventing Glut2 production in specific neuronal population...

    Authors: Nicola Morrice, Lidy van Aalten, Alison McNeilly, Rory J. McCrimmon, Ewan R. Pearson, Rosamund Langston and Calum Sutherland

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:438

    Content type: Research note

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  24. Nuclear Factor One X (NFIX) is a transcription factor expressed by neural stem cells within the developing mouse brain and spinal cord. In order to characterise the pathways by which NFIX may regulate neural s...

    Authors: Elise Matuzelski, Alexandra Essebier, Lachlan Harris, Richard M. Gronostajski, Tracey J. Harvey and Michael Piper

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:437

    Content type: Data note

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  25. The data provided herein represent the whole-genome resequencing data related to three wolves and three Iranian local dogs. The understanding of genome evolution during animal domestication is an interesting s...

    Authors: Zeinab Amiri Ghanatsaman, Guo-Dong Wang, Masood Asadi Fozi, Ya-Ping Zhang and Ali Esmailizadeh

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:436

    Content type: Data note

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  26. There is substantial evidence that exercise can safely reduce the risk of cancer and improve survival in different human cancer populations. Long latency periods associated with carcinogen–induced cancers like...

    Authors: Scott A. Fisher, Carolyn J. Peddle-McIntyre, Kimberley Burton, Robert U.  Newton, Elly Marcq, Richard A. Lake and Anna K. Nowak

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:435

    Content type: Research note

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  27. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between household food insecurity (HFI) with food and nutrition literacy (FNLIT) in a sample of Iranian children. This cross sectional study was performed o...

    Authors: Fatemeh Khorramrouz, Azam Doustmohammadian, Omid Eslami, Majid Khadem-Rezaiyan, Parisa Pourmohammadi, Maryam Amini and Maryam Khosravi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:433

    Content type: Research note

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  28. Multi-agent chemotherapy is an important pillar in treatment of high-grade osteosarcoma. In an effort to improve patient survival, it is imperative to determine the effectiveness of new substances. The objecti...

    Authors: Wiebke K. Guder, Wolfgang Hartmann, Marcel Trautmann, Jendrik Hardes, Eva Wardelmann, Maurice Balke and Arne Streitbürger

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:432

    Content type: Research note

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  29. The aim of this case–control study was to look for an association between hypertension and acne keloidalis nuchae (AKN) in black subjects.

    Authors: Bayaki Saka, Julienne Noude Teclessou, Sefako Abla Akakpo, Soulemane Pessinaba, Piham Gnossike, Garba Mahamadou, Panawé Kassang, Abas Mouhari-Toure, Koussake Kombate and Palokinam Pitché

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:431

    Content type: Research note

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  30. To determine the impact of pre-culture ultra-low temperature (ULT, − 80 °C) storage of human stool specimens on recovery of Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase (ESBL) or Carbapenemase (CPM) producing Enterobacterale...

    Authors: Pisey Tan, Shweta R. Singh, Bunsoth Mao, Konstantin Evdokimov, Vonthanak Saphonn, Li Yang Hsu and Paul Turner

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:429

    Content type: Research note

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  31. The decline in diarrhoeal disease-related mortality globally has been attributed to the use of oral rehydration solution (ORS) and zinc supplementation. However, data on ORS and zinc supplementation in Sudan a...

    Authors: Sagad Omer Obeid Mohamed, Mansour Osman Alhaj Alawad, Asaad Ahmed Mohammed Ahmed and Ahmed Abdallah Ali Mahmoud

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:427

    Content type: Research note

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  32. Plant carnivory is distributed across the tree of life and has evolved at least six times independently, but sequenced and annotated nuclear genomes of carnivorous plants are currently lacking. We have sequenc...

    Authors: Stefanie Hartmann, Michaela Preick, Silke Abelt, André Scheffel and Michael Hofreiter

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:426

    Content type: Research note

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  33. Critical illness polyneuropathy (CIP) is a common complication of severe systemic illness treated in intensive care medicine. Ischemic stroke leads to an acute critical injury of the brain with hemiparesis, im...

    Authors: Petra Huehnchen, Klaus Viktor Toyka, Karen Gertz, Matthias Endres and Wolfgang Boehmerle

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:425

    Content type: Research note

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  34. Humans consume low quantities of cadmium (Cd), a non-nutritive and potentially toxic heavy metal, primarily via the dietary intake of grains. A trial experiment was conducted to investigate physiological and d...

    Authors: Megan A. House, Lester W. Young, Xia Liu, Karsten Liber, Axel Diederichsen and Helen M. Booker

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:424

    Content type: Research note

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  35. To identify characteristics associated with obtaining HIV and syphilis screenings of pregnant women attending a first antenatal visit in Lusaka, Zambia.

    Authors: Rindcy Davis, Xu Xiong, Fernando Althabe, John Lefante, Maria Luisa Cafferata, Musaku Mwenechanya, Friday Habulembe Mwanakalanga, Elwyn Chomba and Pierre Buekens

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:423

    Content type: Research note

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  36. The advent of new technologies has made it possible to explore alternative ventilator manufacturing to meet the worldwide shortfall for mechanical ventilators especially in pandemics. We describe a method usin...

    Authors: Jayesh Dhanani, George Pang, Jason Pincus, Benjamin Ahern, Wendy Goodwin, Nicholas Cowling, Grant Whitten, Mohd. H. Abdul-Aziz, Steven Martin, Peter Corke and Kevin B. Laupland

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:421

    Content type: Research note

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  37. These amoebas can cause dangerous illnesses when they accidentally enter the human body, so it is necessary to determine various forms of organisms in water resources to prevent the danger they can cause and r...

    Authors: Homa Attariani, Habibollah Turki, Saeed Shoja, Abdoreza Salahi-Moghaddam, Amin Ghanbarnejad and Jebreil Shamseddin

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:420

    Content type: Research note

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  38. Streptococcus pyogenes (Group A Streptococcus; GAS) causes a variety of infections that include life-threatening, severe invasive GAS infections, such as streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (STSS), with > 30% mort...

    Authors: Takayuki Matsumura, Ayae Nishiyama, Michio Aiko, Akira Ainai, Tadayoshi Ikebe, Joe Chiba, Manabu Ato and Yoshimasa Takahashi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:419

    Content type: Research note

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  39. Nurses and care workers who provide in-home services play important roles in assessing and providing care for older people who lack foot self-care abilities. We aimed to evaluate the development process and ef...

    Authors: Kashiko Fujii and Minna Stolt

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:418

    Content type: Research note

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  40. Perioperative change of hemoglobin concentration (Hb) was associated with acute kidney injury in patients who underwent non-cardiac surgery, but has never been investigated in kidney transplant patients. This ...

    Authors: Arpa Chutipongtanate, Arpakorn Kantain, Atiporn Inksathit, Surasak Kantachuvesiri, Vasant Sumethkul, Siriwan Jirasiritham, Sopon Jirasiritham and Somchai Chutipongtanate

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:417

    Content type: Research note

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  41. Naked mole rat (Heterocephalus glaber) has recently attracted interest in biomedical research due to its exceptional longevity, cancer resistance and tolerance to potentially harmful conditions or stimuli. Given ...

    Authors: Mosiany Letura Kisipan, Rodi Omondi Ojoo, Titus I. Kanui and Klas S. P. Abelson

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:416

    Content type: Research note

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  42. The role of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) species in tuberculosis (TB) infection in human is still questioned. The aim of this study was to determine whether M. tuberculosis and M. bovis is associated...

    Authors: Budi Yanti, Mulyadi Mulyadi, Muhammad Amin, Harapan Harapan, Ni Made Mertaniasih and Soetjipto Soetjipto

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:415

    Content type: Research note

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  43. It is necessary to improve biotech platforms based on in vitro cell tissue culture to support sacha inchi (Plukenetia volubilis L.) research programs and draw on the nutritional value of the high polyunsaturated ...

    Authors: Catalina Restrepo-Osorio, Alejandro Gil-Correal, Lina Chamorro-Gutiérrez, Viviana Ramírez-Ríos, Javier C. Álvarez and Diego Villanueva-Mejía

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:414

    Content type: Research note

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  44. Clostridium species of the order Clostridiales are mostly strictly anaerobic rod-shaped bacteria. They can be detected in a variety of environments, including the intestines of humans and animals, soil, water, an...

    Authors: Elvira E. Ziganshina, Waleed S. Mohammed and Ayrat M. Ziganshin

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:413

    Content type: Data note

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  45. Labeo catla (catla), one of the three Indian major carps, is native to the Indo-Gangetic riverine system of India as well as the rivers of Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Myanmar. Its higher growth rate and compa...

    Authors: Lakshman Sahoo, Paramananda Das, Bismay Sahoo, Gargee Das, Prem Kumar Meher, Uday Kumar Udit, Kanta Das Mahapatra and Jitendra Kumar Sundaray

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:411

    Content type: Data note

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