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  1. The advancement of molecular techniques in an era in which high-throughput sequencing has revolutionized biology renders old-fashioned alternatives to high-throughput methods obsolete. Such advanced molecular ...

    Authors: Julissa J. Sánchez-Velásquez, Lorenzo E. Reyes-Flores, Carmen Yzásiga-Barrera and Eliana Zelada-Mázmela
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:444
  2. Evidence show that cocaine and amphetamine regulated transcript-prepropeptide (CART-PT) gene variants may affect obesity related traits, but little is known about its end points. In the current study, we aimed...

    Authors: Mahsa Mahmoudinezhad, Mahdieh Abbasalizad-Farhangi and Houman Kahroba
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:443
  3. The spread of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) agent to small ruminants is still a major issue in the surveillance of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs). L-type bovine spongiform encephalop...

    Authors: Alessandra Favole, Maria Mazza, Antonio D’Angelo, Guerino Lombardi, Claudia Palmitessa, Luana Dell’Atti, Giulia Cagnotti, Elena Berrone, Marina Gallo, Tiziana Avanzato, Erika Messana, Loretta Masoero, Pier Luigi Acutis, Daniela Meloni, Franco Cardone, Maria Caramelli…
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:442
  4. Music-related physical and mental health conditions are common among post-secondary music students, with many studies reporting a prevalence greater than 70%. However, there is currently no consensus on approp...

    Authors: Julius Bruder, Nikolaus Ballenberger, Bethany Villas, Charlotte Haugan, Kimiko McKenzie, Zalak Patel, Christoff Zalpour, Amynah Mevawala, Melisa Handl and Christine Guptill
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:441
  5. Convalescent plasma has been tried as therapy for various viral infections. Early observational studies of convalescent plasma treatment for hospitalized COVID-19 patients were promising, but randomized contro...

    Authors: Karin Holm, Maria N. Lundgren, Jens Kjeldsen-Kragh, Oskar Ljungquist, Blenda Böttiger, Christian Wikén, Jonas Öberg, Nils Fernström, Ebba Rosendal, Anna K. Överby, Julia Wigren Byström, Mattias Forsell, Mona Landin-Olsson and Magnus Rasmussen
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:440
  6. The aim of the present study was to adapt and optimize a broth microdilution method and compare it to the agar dilution method for the evaluation of activity of essential oils from medicinal plants against Gra...

    Authors: David Vanegas, Andrea Abril-Novillo, Aleksandr Khachatryan, Lourdes Jerves-Andrade, Eugenia Peñaherrera, Nancy Cuzco, Isabel Wilches, Jessica Calle and Fabián León-Tamariz
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:439

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Research Notes 2022 15:53

  7. The biological importance for the signaling of C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) and natriuretic peptide receptor B (NPR-B) has been recognized. However, the details remain unclear and are debatable. The Npr2 is a...

    Authors: Chizuru Sogawa-Fujiwara, Yasuhiro Fujiwara, Atsuki Hanagata, Qunhui Yang, Taiki Mihara, Noriyuki Kaji, Tetsuo Kunieda and Masatoshi Hori
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:438
  8. This study aims to evaluate the correlation between electrolytes and serial miRNAs from our previous study. We want to prove that there is the molecular basis that underlying electrolytes disturbances as the p...

    Authors: Arif Riswahyudi Hanafi, Achmad Mulawarman Jayusman, Priscillia Imelda, Serafim Alfasunu, Ahmad Hamim Sadewa, Dibyo Pramono, Didik Setyo Heriyanto, Sofia Mubarika Haryana and Siti Boedina Kresno
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:437
  9. Allelic imbalance (AI) is the differential expression of the two alleles in a diploid. AI can vary between tissues, treatments, and environments. Methods for testing AI exist, but methods are needed to estimat...

    Authors: Katrina Sherbina, Luis G. León-Novelo, Sergey V. Nuzhdin, Lauren M. McIntyre and Fabio Marroni
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:436
  10. The “Bolsa-Família” Program (PBF) is a Brazilian conditional cash-transfer program in which families should comply with health, education, and social assistance conditionalities. The program aims to fight pove...

    Authors: Lais Baroni, Ronaldo Fernandes Santos Alves, Cristiano Siqueira Boccolini, Rebecca Salles, Raquel Gritz, Balthazar Paixão and Patricia de Moraes Mello Boccolini
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:435
  11. Colloid solutions are commonly used to maintain perioperative fluid homeostasis. In regard to perioperative infant-centered care, data about the impact of colloids are rare. New data suggest a possible positiv...

    Authors: Martin A. Schick, Jonas Pippir, Manuel F. Struck, Jürgen Brugger, Winfried Neuhaus and Christian Wunder
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:434
  12. Overconsumption of processed foods has led to an increase in chronic diet-related diseases such obesity and type 2 diabetes. Although diets high in fresh fruits and vegetables are linked with healthier outcome...

    Authors: Aaron Trautman, Richard Linchangco, Rachel Walstead, Jeremy J. Jay and Cory Brouwer
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:433
  13. In streptococci, the type M resistance to macrolides is due to the mef(A)–msr(D) efflux transport system of the ATP-Binding cassette (ABC) superfamily, where it is proposed that mef(A) codes for the transmembrane...

    Authors: Valeria Fox, Francesco Santoro, Gianni Pozzi and Francesco Iannelli
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:432
  14. In tannery processing, water consumption is high, which generates wastewater as a by-product and numerous pollutants such as chromium heavy metals that make adverse effects of water bodies and the surrounding ...

    Authors: Yigezu Mekonnen Bayisa, Tafere Aga Bullo and Desalegn Abdissa Akuma
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:431
  15. Our aim in this study was to identify affective temperament differences utilizing the TEMPS-A in a large sample size of Lebanese patients with schizophrenia and compare them to healthy controls. Gender differe...

    Authors: Joseph E. Dib, Ilige Nehme, Chadia Haddad, Jocelyne Azar, Souheil Hallit and Sahar Obeid
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:430
  16. During the COVID pandemic, government authorities worldwide have tried to limit the spread of the virus. Sweden’s distinctive feature was the use of voluntary public health recommendations. Few studies have ev...

    Authors: Claes Andersson, Marcus Bendtsen, Olof Molander, Lilian Granlund, Naira Topooco, Karin Engström, Petra Lindfors and Anne H. Berman
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:429
  17. This study assessed changes in behaviors/attitudes related to the COVID-19. With the understanding that behaviors and vaccine decision-making could contribute to global spread of infectious diseases, this stud...

    Authors: Felicia Zhang, Shu-Fang Shih, Harapan Harapan, Yogambigai Rajamoorthy, Hao-Yuan Chang, Awnish Singh, Yihan Lu and Abram L. Wagner
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:428
  18. DNA barcoding became an effective method for the identification and monitoring of bees. However, standard primer pairs used for barcoding often result in (co-) amplification of bacterial endosymbionts of the g...

    Authors: Christoph Bleidorn and Katharina Henze
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:427
  19. In the diabetes treatment policy after the Kumamoto Declaration 2013, it is difficult to accurately predict the incidence of complications in patients using the JJ risk engine. This study was conducted to deve...

    Authors: Yasunari Yamashita, Gaku Inoue, Yoichi Nozaki, Rina Kitajima, Kiyoshi Matsubara, Takeshi Horii, Junichi Mohri, Koichiro Atsuda and Hajime Matsubara
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:426
  20. The Caribbean is an important global biodiversity hotspot. Adaptive radiations there lead to many speciation events within a limited period and hence are particularly prominent biodiversity generators. A prime...

    Authors: Montrai Spikes, Rodet Rodríguez-Silva, Kerri-Ann Bennett, Stefan Bräger, James Josaphat, Patricia Torres-Pineda, Anja Ernst, Katja Havenstein, Ingo Schlupp and Ralph Tiedemann
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:425
  21. To analyze changes in primary care utilization as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic. Swedish national register data from 2019 to 2020 on utilization of services were used to compare overall utilization levels ...

    Authors: Björn Ekman, Eva Arvidsson, Hans Thulesius, Jens Wilkens and Olof Cronberg
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:424

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Research Notes 2022 15:78

  22. While it is known that nonresponse might produce biased results and impair the precision of results in survey research studies, the pattern of the impact on the precision of estimates due to the nonresponse in...

    Authors: Ming Ma, Sophie Rosenberg and Alexander M. Kaizer
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:423
  23. Gold standard cause of death data is critically important to improve verbal autopsy (VA) methods in diagnosing cause of death where civil and vital registration systems are inadequate or poor. As part of a thr...

    Authors: Riley H. Hazard, Hafizur Rahman Chowdhury, Abraham D. Flaxman, Jonathan C. Joseph, Nurul Alam, Ian Douglas Riley, Peter Kim Streatfield, Hebe Gouda, Seri Maraga, Patricia Rarau, Diozele Sanvictores, Veronica Tallo, Marilla Lucero and Alan D. Lopez
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:422

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Research Notes 2022 15:21

  24. To promote public health and resume university activities, COVID-19 vaccination has been mandated from an increasing number of universities worldwide. The objective of the study is to understand the factors th...

    Authors: Xue Li, Man Yui Chong, Ching Yui Chan, Vindy Wing Sum Chan and Xinning Tong
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:421

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Research Notes 2021 14:471

  25. Pregnant women with bacterial vaginosis due to Gardnerella vaginalis (GV) infection presents with a wide-ranging disease symptomatology. We speculate this may be due to interaction that varies between host immune...

    Authors: Anushia Swaminathan, Nor Haslinda Abd Aziz, Najiah Ajlaa Ayub, Kon-Ken Wong and Fook-Choe Cheah
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:420
  26. Mobile phones are used in research studies, to enroll and follow-up participants, collect data, and implement mHealth initiatives. We conducted a longitudinal study in a birth cohort, where infants were requir...

    Authors: Joseph L. Mathew, Pooja N. Patel, Abram L. Wagner, Vanita Suri, Bhavneet Bharti, Bradley F. Carlson and Matthew L. Boulton
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:419
  27. Transcriptional profiling of immune cells is an indispensable tool in biomedical research; however, heterogenous sample types routinely used in transcriptomic studies may mask important cell type-specific tran...

    Authors: Amanda N. Henning, Daniel Green, Ryan Baumann, Patrick Grandinetti, Steven L. Highfill, Huizhi Zhou and Valeria De Giorgi
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:418
  28. Neisseria meningitidis is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes meningitis. N. meningitidis serogroup W (NmW) capsule polymerase synthesizes capsular polysaccharide of this serogroup. This enzyme could be a tool ...

    Authors: Laleh Sheikhi Moghaddam, Ayobami Adegbite and Pumtiwitt C. McCarthy
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:417
  29. Hypertension is a prevalent chronic disease globally. A multifaceted combination of risk factors is associated with hypertension. Scientific literature has shown the association among individual and environmen...

    Authors: Alireza Mohammadi, Elahe Pishgar, Neda Firouraghi, Nasser Bagheri, Ali Shamsoddini, Jaffar Abbas and Behzad Kiani
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:416
  30. To adapt ‘fishplots’ to describe real-time evolution of SARS-CoV-2 genomic clusters.

    Authors: Alicia Arnott, Jenny Draper, Rebecca J. Rockett, Connie Lam, Rosemarie Sadsad, Mailie Gall, Elena Martinez, Roy Byun, Jennie Musto, Ben Marais, Sharon C.-A. Chen, Jen Kok, Dominic E. Dwyer and Vitali Sintchenko
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:415
  31. Standardized pretest–posttest experimental designs with quantitative surveys are frequently applied to evaluate the effectiveness of health programs. However, this method is strongly informed by research on sa...

    Authors: Hanna Luetke Lanfer, Doreen Reifegerste and Sorie Ibrahim Kargbo
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:414
  32. To determine at two distinct time points the prevalence of resistance to ofloxacin (OFX), the representative class drug of fluoroquinolones (FQs), in M. tuberculosis isolates susceptible to first-line drugs.

    Authors: Alvaro Schwalb, Rodrigo Cachay, Ericka Meza, Tatiana Cáceres, Amondrea Blackman, Fernanda Maruri, Timothy R. Sterling and Eduardo Gotuzzo
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:413
  33. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of A. baumannii in children aged less than 1 year admitted with a clinical diagnosis of whooping cough.

    Authors: Isaac Peña-Tuesta, Cristina del Valle-Vargas, Veronica Petrozzi-Helasvuo, Miguel Angel Aguilar-Luis, Hugo Carrillo-Ng, Wilmer Silva-Caso and Juana del Valle-Mendoza
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:412
  34. Recent studies showed that genetic polymorphisms in the fat mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO) were associated with obesity and dietary intake. In this study of 71 adults in Jakarta, Indonesia, we investigate...

    Authors: Athraa Alaulddin Al-Jawadi, Lidwina Priliani, Sukma Oktavianthi, Clarissa A. Febinia, Mulianah Daya, I Made Artika and Safarina G. Malik
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:411
  35. The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted the mental health of people worldwide. Psychological resilience has been shown to buffer against the threat of the pandemic (i.e., COVID-19 fear) and sustain mental health. T...

    Authors: Daichi Sugawara, Yuan Gu, Akihiro Masuyama, Siew Li Ng, Evone Y. M. Phoo, Raja Intan Arifah Binti Raja Reza Shah, Takahiro Kubo, Yuta Chishima and Eugene Y. J. Tee
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:409
  36. This study was aimed to present a conceptual framework about the misinformation surrounding COVID-19 outbreak in Iran. For this purpose, discourse analysis of two of the most common social virtual networks wer...

    Authors: Peivand Bastani, Seyyed Mostafa Hakimzadeh and Mohammad Amin Bahrami
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:408
  37. Epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) is involved in the development of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) and subsequent fibrosis. Previously, we demonstrated that placental extract ameliorates fibrosis ...

    Authors: Kyoko Igarashi, Koji Sugimoto and Eiichi Hirano
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:407
  38. Salivary cortisol and cortisone are used as biomarkers of physiological stress. Careful sampling of saliva for profiling of awakening response and the diurnal slope can be challenging in free-living environmen...

    Authors: Sarah Overgaard Sørensen, Jesper Pedersen, Martin G. Rasmussen, Peter L. Kristensen and Anders Grøntved
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:406
  39. There has been an important global interest in Open Science, which include open data and methods, in addition to open access publications. It has been proposed that public availability of raw data increases th...

    Authors: Diego A. Forero, Walter H. Curioso and George P. Patrinos
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:405
  40. A community-based cross-sectional study was done to assess Plasmodium falciparum exposure in areas with different malaria endemicity in north-eastern Tanzania using serological markers; PfAMA-1 and PfMSP-119.

    Authors: Robert D. Kaaya, Debora C. Kajeguka, Johnson J. Matowo, Arnold J. Ndaro, Franklin W. Mosha, Jaffu O. Chilongola and Reginald A. Kavishe
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:404
  41. Charcot foot is a rare complication to neuropathy and can cause severe foot deformities and ulcerations, which often require prolonged antibiotical treatment. The objective of this retrospective study was to i...

    Authors: Rasmus Bo Jansen, Per E. Holstein, Bo Jørgensen, Klaus Kirketerp Møller and Ole Lander Svendsen
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:403
  42. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the novel coronavirus causing severe respiratory illness (COVID-19). This virus was initially identified in Wuhan city, a populated area of the H...

    Authors: Seyyed Reza Mousavi, Maryam Sadat Sajjadi, Farinaz Khosravian, Sara Feizbakhshan, Sharareh Salmanizadeh, Zahra Taherian Esfahani, Faeze Ahmadi Beni, Ameneh Arab, Mohammad Kazemi, Kiana Shahzamani, Ramin Sami, Majid Hosseinzadeh, Mansoor Salehi and Hajie Lotfi
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:401
  43. Athletic performances are dynamic movements that are physically challenging and often predict individual success in ecological contexts. They stem from a complex integration of multiple phenotypic traits—e.g., mo...

    Authors: Erica de Rysky, Bisconti Roberta, Chiocchio Andrea and Canestrelli Daniele
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:399
  44. Microbial analysis in milk preserved using heat-assisted Pulsed Electric Field (PEF) need to be assessed. In this study we analyze the microbial quality and virulence-associated genes in milk samples preserved...

    Authors: Suci Yuliangsih, Diana Elizabeth Waturangi and Yogiara
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:397

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